Business Consultants

Start a Township & Other Delivery Services

                              

Many niche markets have a need for reliable services, and this is where a small delivery service business can achieve success. One big part of the business is the transportation of cargo. Large and Small businesses alike need to transport inventory, so they need reliable service.

Benefits of this type of Business include:

  • Access to many potential customers.

  • Minimal equipment costs.

  • No requirements for experience or education.

As you think about the deliveries your business will handle, you’ll need to select a vehicle that maximizes cargo space. If you’re moving cargo like medical tests, paperwork or other small items, a transit or cargo van will work well. For larger deliveries, such as furniture, a box truck is a better option.

When you start a delivery service, you may need additional items such as padding, dollies, and straps to secure the cargo. These items may not be available through financing with the vehicle you select, but make sure to plan to buy the necessary items as part of the initial investment. If your delivery service will only handle small packages, a compact car or SUV could offer enough space.

TOWNSHIP DELIVERIES

Fast food deliveries such as Uber Eats and Mr D don’t operate in South Africa’s townships and rural areas and therefore create a huge opportunity for inspiring entrepreneurs to start a small delivery business in these areas.

Electric scooters deliver packages, food and other goods quickly, smoothly, quietly, and very cost effectively. Electric scooters need very little servicing keeping your investment on the road and working for you.

Although it is really hard to pinpoint to a location in these remote areas, you can hire local drivers with intimate knowledge of their communities, landmarks, and the maze of UN-mapped streets which weave through the particular township. 

To limit high petrol costs, electric scooters, who can be fully charged and allow drivers to travel around 90km can be leased from a reliable supplier.

NEED TO KNOW MORE OR HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW — (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT:  money@global.co.za.

                                      

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Start a Biodiesel Business

                                                                   

“Biodiesel” is very different from the normal diesel many of us know. The diesel we’ve used to is produced by “refining petroleum” (also known as crude oil). Crude oil can only be found deep beneath the earth’s surface, from where it is recovered and and refined into several products including – petrol (gasoline) kerosene, and diesel.

Biodiesel is not in any way related to or made from crude oil. Biodiesel is a renewable and clean burning type of diesel that is made from vegetable oils. It can be made from most types of vegetable oils including soy bean oil, canola oil, palm oil and most other popular oils.

The main reasons why the popularity of biodiesel is growing across the world include:

Reduced Waste

Individuals and businesses are looking  for more ways to reduce waste. This is why reuse and recycling have become a big deal nowadays. Millions of liters cooking oil are daily flushed down the sink or sucked into the drain. These can be recycled into a highly valued product that can power trucks and generators.

 Cleaner and Eco – friendly fuels

Biodiesel is biodegradable and non-toxic ( has a low sulphur content and doesn’t contain carcinogens), making it more sensitive and relatively harmless to the environment. As the pressure to further combat climate change increases around the world, it is expected that the volume of biodiesel that is blended with normal diesel will increase. Sometime in the near future cars and trucks could run on 100 % biodiesel.

Dependence on crude oil products

To avoid any future surprises from the unpredictability of global oil prices, more countries around the world are looking at locally accessible energy sources to up their supplies and to protect them from oil price shocks. Biodiesel is an interesting option for anyone who’s looking to diversify or compliment their energy supply sources. Both virgin and used vegetable oils are abundantly produced in South Africa, and this makes it possible for biodiesel to be produced anywhere in the world.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL & BANKABLE BUSINESS OR FARMING / AGRIC PLAN CONTACT US NOW: (27) 84 583 3143 OR SEND US A EMAIL TO: money@global.co.za

                  

 

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Running a Solar Panel Mtce Business

      

Regular and proper solar panel maintenance is a vital part of:

  • maintaining solar panel efficiency.

  • generating more electricity from solar and

  • preventing breakdowns or expensive repairs in the future.

While on – demand solar maintenance can be useful – especially after events that may have caused damage -solar installation longevity benefits most from regular, scheduled maintenance. Ideally, a solar panel system should get a professional inspection or preventative maintenance on a regular basis, especially in areas that see significant seasonal weather.

Maintenance

Regular maintenance of any solar panel system should ensure:

  • solar panels are clean, secure and free of defects.

  • no parts have deteriorated/ corroded.

  • vents are free of debris.

  • switches do not have any defects.

  • wiring has not been damaged/ has not deteriorated.

  • electrical checks to ensure all components are operating as intended.

  • confirming fittings and cables are securely attached.

  • reviewing the inverter display panel for recorded faults.

  • checking that access to the isolator switches has not been impeded, and/or

  • making sure the emergency procedures for shutdown and isolation are clearly displayed.

The Solar Panel Maintenance industry has galloped ahead in recent years as a result of the rapid technological developments in our world and favorable government policies. In the coming years, demand for solar panel installations and maintenance services is projected to continue growing.

As an aspiring entrepreneur who is ready and committed to build a business that will survive in the future, you should build your business along the line of new technology. One of such businesses that can be categorized under new technology is the solar panel installation and maintenance business.

Want to know more or need help with a professional and bankable business plan contact us now at: (27) 84 583 3143 or email – money@global.co.za

                     

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Set up a Equipment Mtce Business

     

The technical meaning of maintenance involves:

* functional checks.

* servicing.

* repairing or replacing necessary devices, equipment & machinery.

* building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, and residential installations.

Maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) include the following:

1. Preventive Maintenance, also known as PM.

2. Planned Maintenance, where equipment is repaired or replaced after wear, malfunction or break down.

3. Predictive Maintenance, which uses sensor data to monitor a system, then continuously evaluates it against historical trends to predict failure before it occurs.

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE (PM)

This is a routine for periodically inspecting, with the goal of noticing small problems and fixing them before major ones develop. The main goal is for the equipment to make it from one planned service to the next without any failures caused by fatigue, neglect or normal wear.

Main Objectives:

# Enhance Capital Equipment productive life.

# Reduce critical equipment breakdown.

# Minimize production loss due to equipment failures.

PLANNED MAINTENANCE

Planned maintenance or scheduled maintenance, is any variety of scheduled maintenance to an object or item of equipment. Specifically, planned maintenance is a scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.

PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE

Predictive Maintenance techniques are designed to help determine the condition of in – service equipment in order to estimate when maintenance should be performed. This approach provides cost savings over routine or time – based preventive maintenance, because tasks are performed only when warranted.

When companies does not take care of their assets, machines, and equipment efficiently they may end up in a loss situation. This can be avoided if equipment maintenance is done. It also create huge opportunities for entrepreneurs that want to start their own successful and sustainable businesses and to cater for this market.

WANT TO DISCUSS FURTHER OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT (27)84 583 3143 OE EMAIL US: money@global.co.za

               

 

 

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CLEMENTINE FARMING

                                                   

Citrus is divided into four groups:

  1. Oranges.

  2. Grapefruit.

  3. Lemons and

  4. Soft Citrus – Clementine / Mandarins.

Clementine is the world’s premier mandarin. They easy to peel and if grown in single blocks away from cross – pollinating varieties, the fruit is seedless. When mature, the peel turns bright orange. Clementines has a distinctive sweet taste and flavour.

Clementine trees flourish in full to partial sunlight. Even though they prefer full sun , they can tolerate shade. Sandy soil is best for Clementine trees, but they will adapt to natural soil. To make soil sandier, mix in sand or a fine potting mix. Just make sure that the soil is well- draining.

PLANTING

Early spring is the best time for transplanting. Planting holes of 0,5 x 0,5 x 0,5m are prepared ad the soil mixed well with 2 spadefuls of compost or kraal manure and 250g of super-phosphate. Once the tree has been planted, the soil must be firmly tramped down. A basin for irrigation is made around the tree which must be thoroughly irrigated immediately after planting. Irrigate again the following day to seal any cracks in the soil.

FERTILIZATION

During the first year, nitrogen may be applied every 2 months. Any of the following nitrogen fertilizers may be applied:

  • 6 Applications of 25g limestone ammonium nitrate (LAN 28%) per tree or

  • 6 Applications of 16g urea (46%) per tree per year or

  • 6 Applications of 36g ammonium sulphate (21%) per tree per year.

From the second year , nitrogen must be applied twice a year , half in July and half in March. Fertilizer should be spread evenly under the canopy of the tree and irrigated. Phosphorus may be applied at any time of the year, one application should be sufficient. Potassium should also be applied once, early in spring.

IRRIGATION

During the first 6 months the trees should be irrigated twice a week and thereafter every 7 days. The irrigation basin should be gradually enlarged as the tree grows, so that it is always slighter bigger than the drip line of the tree.

NEED TO KNOW MORE OR HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL FARMING BUSINESS PLAN OR OTHER ASSISTANCE CONTACT US NOW AT:

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Start your own Container Business

 

 

             

Containers are used to establish a variety of business ideas worldwide. Containers are mobile and versatile and offer a wide range of possibilities for innovative entrepreneurs. These include – but not limited to:-

RETAIL

Containers can provide enough space for a variety of retail options. Retail shops that are doing well in a container – sized space are clothing, antiques, gifts, and used book shops to name a few. Multiple containers can also be placed or linked together to make a “shopping mall” for a variety of retail shops. They also ideal in the rural communities where people are far from their nearest shopping centre.

RESTAURANTS

Containers are easily converted. Doors, windows, counters and desks can affordably and effortlessly be added to make the container more user friendly. Considering this, running a small, or large, restaurant from a container is a unique, Eco – friendly and quirky  option for someone who doesn’t want to over-capitalize on building or rental costs.

RENTALS

Investing in containers to rent out can be a lucrative business option. Containers make ideal tiny homes and can be kitted out either as a permanent rental or for holiday lets.

FARMING

Containers can be an excellent asset to farming entrepreneurs by earning farmers extra revenue. Hydroponic vegetable growing systems have been successfully installed in containers. These organic growing systems in a 40ft container can produce up to an acre’s worth of crop yields. Being compact and movable, containers can also be placed close to crops and plantations where they can serve as a farmer’s marketplace for freshly produce.

EVENTS

Mobile performance venues have become very popular in South Africa. A single container, which can be converted to have drop-down sides, makes an ideal stage for music and other type of performances. Not only is it easy and affordable to set up, but it also makes a perfect mobile unit.

                                

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED PROFESSIONAL HELP WITH A BUSINESS PLAN? — CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or email: money@global.co.za

 

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SUCCESSFUL KALE OR BORE COLE FARMING

                     

Kale – also called Bore Cole, is a cool season crop that belongs to the Brassicas family. Its leaves , which are rich in  vitamins and essential mineral elements are widely utilized alone or mixed with other vegetables, pulses or meat. It is an all-year crop and has the potential to reduce poverty levels.

BENEFITS

* High in iron which is essential for good health.

* Rich in Vitamin K which helps in protecting the body against various cancers.

* High in fiber, low in calorie and zero fat.

* Has anti-inflammatory properties which helps in fighting against asthma, arthritis etc.

* Rich in Vitamin and C.

* Good source of calcium which helps in preventing osteoporosis and bone loss.

Kale is typically grown like other greens, making it easy for existing growers to incorporate it into their farming systems. Kale has a similar flavor to traditional greens, and there are multiple ways to prepare it. Its growing popularity is linked to its perceived health benefits.

VARIETIES

Basically, there are 3 main varieties, dwarf (below 40cm), medium (40 – 80cm) and tall (above 80cm). Tall variety sheds the leaves early and has less production. Main dwarf type varieties are dwarf green curled scotch, dwarf moss curled, moss curled and hamburger market (medium to tall).

SOIL

The Kale crop prefers well – drained sandy loam soil with good organic matter. It can be grown on a wide range of soils having good drainage conditions. This hardy crop tolerates salts in the soil. the ideal soil pH of 5.5 to 6.5 (slightly acidic) will result in a good yield.

HARVESTING

In Kale leaves cultivation, harvesting starts from November and continues up to January. For better quality, it should be harvested at the right vegetative stage. Harvested leaves should be bundled, packed and marketed.

IF YOU WANT TO START SUCCESSFUL OR NEED SOME FUNDING YOU WILL NEED A WELL – STRUCTURED AND BANKABLE BUSINESS PLAN – CONTACT US NOW: (27)84 583 3143 or email – money@global.co.za

                     

 

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HOW TO START A DRONE RENTAL BUSINESS?

             

If you are interested in the drone technology industry and you are looking to launch a business as an aspiring entrepreneur, one of your best bet is to launch a “drone rental” business. The right time to star a drone rental business is now because this business concept is presently at it’s growing stage.

Setting up a drone rental business could be fun, profitable and interesting for someone who is smart and with a positive outlook. With the right location , reliable drones and good marketing skills, you can attract loads of clients. Whether drones are controlled by a remote or accessed via a smart phone app, they posses the capability of reaching the most remote areas with little to no manpower needed and require the least amount of effort, time, and energy. This is one of the biggest reasons why they being adopted world wide, especially by sectors like: Commercial, Agriculture, Personal and Future Technology.

Surviving in the business world as a drone rental operator requires more than having reliable and easy to use drones, your expertise, creativity, and knowing how to deliver etc but also how to network with key people that matters; entrepreneurs/farmers that can rent your drones.

There would always be clients who need to cut cost of running their business , hence the need to rent drones. Income can be generated by offering:

* Renting out reliable and easy to operate drones.

* Sales of used and brand new drones.

* Repair and servicing drones.

A drone rental business requires significant capital, solid planning, and attention to detail in order to keep your business profitable. The drone rental line of business is very open to any aspiring entrepreneur who has the capacity to open and run the business as long as they have all the required permits and licenses.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A BANKABLE AND WELL- STRUCTURED BUSINESS PLAN FOR GETTING FUNDING TO SET UP YOUR BUSINESS? CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or EMAIL: money@global.co.za

                        

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HOW PROFITABLE IS A AGRO – TOURISM BUSINESS?

                              

Agro – tourism receives massive support from Government because it gives farmers and other stakeholders in the industry a opportunity to generate additional income and an avenue for direct marketing of their produce to consumers.

Agro – tourism is a booming line of business in any country. Agro tourists can choose from a wide range of activities that include picking fruits and vegetables, riding horses, tasting honey, learning about wine and cheese making, or shopping in farm gift shops and farm stands for produce or hand crafted- gifts.

Some of the factors that encourage entrepreneurs to start their own agro tourism business could be that the business is easy to set up and the start up capital is indeed affordable.. You can actually start your own agro- tourism business from a small farm. However, you need to ensue that you have things in place or activities that will compel people (tourists) to travel from far to tour your farm.

Agro – tourism is defined as a form of commercial enterprise that links agriculture production or processing with tourism in order to attract visitors, with a number of financial, educational and social benefits for tourists, producers and communities. Travelers are stepping off the beaten track and treading new paths, embracing local culture, food, flora and fauna. Agro – tourism caters to this rising demand for valuable experiences, by offering insight into (often unseen) industries. In doing so, it can also become a key contributor to the local tourism economy, attracting a higher volume of visitors and increasing the length of their stay.

Agro – tourism can offer guests new insights and experiences that in most instances, strengthens their connection with the environment. Whether it’s cut-flower gardens offering bouquet workshops, dairy farms inviting guests to milk cows, or those providing temporary accommodation facilities, it’s a great way to fuse travel experiences for guests with agricultural benefits for businesses.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL – STRUCTURED FARMING BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL: money2global.co.za

                        

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SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT – HOW TO START?

                                                       

The software development industry has grown in the space of a century from an almost non – existent industry to one that is not only a billion dollar industry but an indispensable one , especially as software form the basis of modern gadgets & devices.

The software development industry has room for growth as there is considerable demand in the industry with more businesses adopting software programs that will allow for improved efficiency and lower operating costs; this was so as to look for ways to not be affected by the economic downturn.

Software itself is the set of instructions or programs that tell a computer what to do. There are the following types:

System software – provide core functions such as operating systems, utilities, disk management, hardware management and other operational necessities.

Programming software – give programmers tools such as text editors, computers, linker, debuggers, and other tools to create code.

Application software – (applications or apps) – to help users perform tasks. Office productivity suites, data management software, media players and security programs are examples.

Embedded software – Embedded systems software is used to control machines and devices not typically considered computers – telecommunication networks, cars, industrial robots and more are examples.

A software development company is where software is not only developed but distributed for different purposes such as instructional, calculation, entertainment, and assessment purposes. Before one can start a software development company, there are basic things that one needs such as knowledge of programming, technical support skills, the necessary experience of managing a company and some funds.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED SOME HELP PUTTING TOGETHER A WELL- STRUCTURED AND PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN TO GET SOME FUNDING CONTACT US NOW: (27)084 583 3143 OR ON EMAIL: money@global.co.za

                        

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HOW TO START A SUGARCANE FARMING OPERATION??

                                                                      

Sugarcane farming is known to be a profitable business and over the years, it evolved from uncoordinated to a global industry in most countries where it’s carried out. With the recent advancement in technology, farmers can now comfortably grow crops such as sugarcane in a country where such crops can hardly survive and in places where there are few farming lands.

Soil

Sugarcane grows on almost all classes of soil, but it needs fertile, well – drained soil. Humid soils from 100 to 150cm deep with good drainage are most suitable. It grows well in deep well-drained soils of medium fertility of sandy loam soil textures with a pH range from 6.0 to 7.7. The optimum soil pH is about 6.5 but sugarcane can tolerate a considerable degree of soil acidity and alkalinity.

Planting

There are 2 methods of planting, namely manual and mechanical. The cane setts are manually placed end to end (or overlapping) together with fertilizer in the furrow and then covered with soil. With mechanical planting, the three operations of opening the furrow, planting the setts and applying fertilizer are conducted simultaneously.

Row Spacing

Closer spacing tends to result in higher yields, provided there is adequate moisture in the soil. Row and plant spacing for manual planting is 1.0 to 1.3m x 0.5m. For normal mechanical operations, the best row spacing is between 1.4 and 1.6m. The setts are planted at a degree angle or laid horizontally in a furrow and thereafter are covered lightly with soil until they sprout then the sides of the furrow are turned inwards. Optimum cover is 50mm of soil.

Depth of Planting

Furrows for planting should be approximately 100mm deep. Sets should be cut into five bud lengths.

Utilization

Sugarcane is used for sugar production, a raw material in human food industries, as a fertilizer and as livestock fodder. The primary use for sugarcane is to process sugar, which is then used in producing an infinite number of products. The type of sugar produced by sugarcane is called sucrose. Sucrose is used as a sweetening agent for foods and in the manufacturing of cakes, candles, preservation’s, soft drinks, alcohol and numerous other foods.

IF YOU WANT TO START SUCCESSFULLY IN THIS TYPE OF FARMING OR ANY OTHER FARMING OPERATION YOU WILL NEED A BANKABLE AND WELL – STRUCTURED PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN. 

CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT: (27) 11 704 1248 or (27) 84 583 3143 or Email: money@global.co.za

                             

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FURNITURE MANUFACTURING – HOW PROFITABLE IS THIS?

                

Furniture is a major part of our lives and there is hardly any facility that you will come across that you won’t find a piece of furniture in it. This goes to show that the furniture manufacturing industry is indeed an important sector of the economy of any country.

Businesses in this industry mainly manufacture or make household (living room, dining room and bedroom) furniture, coffee tables, sofa tables, sofas, chairs, bookshelves, ottomans, display cabinets, consoles and TV stands. Outdoor and office furniture like desks, home office goods, lamps, recliners etc are also manufactured.

Tips to set up your furniture manufacturing business

1. Find your niche

Decide what kind of furniture you will create, such as home furnishings, office furniture or cabinetry. Specify the materials you intend to use, such as wood, metal and upholstery. Decide on your target market i.e. if you going to sell to the residential, resort or commercial customers.

2. Store or on – line type of business?

You may choose to rent a store front with a workshop and sell your furniture to walk-in customers. Alternatively, you might choose to develop a website and take only online orders.

3. Location

If you plan to open a store, find space that suits your customer needs. If you making customer cabinets, find space that’s large enough to display different options. Or, if your target market is residential choose a space that’s easy to find and that will be able to accommodate parents with children.

4. Business Structure

Make sure that you choose the right business structure such as company, partnership or a sole proprietor.

5. Obtain Licenses

Find out exactly what type of license/permit is necessary to operate your business in a specific municipal area.

6. Write a Business Plan

If you want your furniture – making business to be successful, you must invest time defining your marketing strategies, developing financial projections and organizing and managing your business.

NEED HELP WITH DEVELOPING A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW – (27)84 583 3143 OR email: money@global.co.za

           

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HOW TO START A VINEYARD FARMING OPERATION

                       

A vineyard is a plantation of grape- bearing vines, grown mainly for wine making, but also for raisins, table grapes and non – alcoholic grape juice. The science, practice and study of vineyard production is known as viticulture. A winery is a licensed property that makes wine.

So, a vineyard can have a winery that produces wine from the grapes it grows, but it can also sell its grapes to outside wineries and purely act as a grape-grower. Vineyards are often located on hillsides and planted in soils that are of only marginal value to other plants.

The wine making process includes growing and harvesting grapes, crushing and pressing grapes into unfermented wine and fermenting the wine. The industry also makes wine blends, brandies and wines from other fruit sources.

Viticulture

The wine industry is undergoing an exciting period of change, both in the vineyard and in the winery. Wine makers are experimenting with new varieties of wine, as well as new clones of existing varieties such as chardonnay and Cabernet sauvignon. Large – scale experimentation with root-stocks is taking place to establish which planting material is particularly suited to conditions In most South African vineyards harvesting is carried out by hand, although machines are used on some farms. The grapes are picked into baskets and transported in bins to the winery where vinification begins.

Soil

Wine producers are focused on identifyng and selecting sites best suited to particular  grape varieties. In addition, new clones and root – stocks which particularly well adapted to the local soil and climatic conditions are being selected.

Wines thrive in poor soils and are capable of putting down roots to a depth of several meters in search of nutrients and water. Good quality grapes, however, are not produced on badly drained or very shallow sites.

After growing the grapes, you can sell or export them to wineries who are involved in producing the wine. You can also decide to start and own a winery where you can produce the wine and distribute them to consumers. Another option is to do both by having an estate winery where you grow the grapes and produce the wine.

THE BEST WAY TO START YOUR FARMING OPERATION IS TO DEVELOP OR ASK SOMEONE TO DEVELOP A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN AND FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS. NEED HELP – CALL US NOW: (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

    

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HOW TO START A HAND SANITIZER PRODUCTION BUSINESS?

                      

If there is any product that is in high demand in all Pharmacies and Supermarkets, then it must be alcohol-based hand sanitizer. The fact that alcohol- based hand sanitizer is one of the antidotes to any virus, bacteria and germs means that the product is bound to sell well.

Starting a business whose products are used on a daily basis is the sure way to go if indeed you want to be profitable. In essence, starting a hand sanitizer production company is a business you should seriously consider as an aspiring entrepreneur.

Hand sanitizer i alcohol – based or alcohol – free liquid, which is used for cleaning hands to maintain personal hygiene and thereby decrease the risk of infectious diseases by killing germs present on the hands. It typically came in liquid, gel or in foam form and recommended to use when soap and water is not available to wash hands.  Hand – sanitizers are now being used (especially during Covid-19) on a daily basis in schools, hospitals, supermarkets and public places to disinfect the hands and kill the germs. The alcohol – based hand sanitizers contain 60% to 90% alcohols to kill the bacteria and viruses present on the hand.

Hand sanitizer is said to be more effective than soaps due to its ability to eliminate most microorganisms. Public awareness campaigns by global health authorities such as the WHO (World Health Organization) also plays a significant role in promoting the use of hand sanitizers. Increasing consumer awareness about hygiene coupled with such government initiatives are driving the hand sanitizer market. The hand sanitizer market is projected to cross $2 billion by 2025.

Some of the factors that encourage aspiring entrepreneurs to venture into this kind of business is the fact that the market is pretty huge and not seasonal. This makes it easier for entrepreneurs who are interested in the business to come into the industry at any time they desire; the entry barriers are quite affordable and any serious – minded entrepreneur can comfortably raise the start – up capital.

Hand sanitizers are a front line of defense and will be for a long time. Every health agency worldwide is urging more use of them.This trend is expected to continue for a ling time, even after vaccines are available to contain the spread. Aspiring entrepreneurs can therefore tap into this market with great confidence and success.

                  

WHAT IS STOPPING YOU TO SET UP A PROFITABLE BUSINESS LIKE THIS AND THEREBY ALSO CREATE SOME JOBS FOR THE UNEMPLOYED?

CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AND ASSISTANCE AT: 084 583 3143 or email: money@global.co.za

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ANIMAL FEED PRODUCTION – HOW TO START

                     

Animal feed is a kind of feed prepared for oxen, cows, sheep, goat, poultry etc reared for their milk, meat and eggs. It contains protein, minerals and other nutrients which are useful fr milk, eggs, and beef production as well as survival and growth of the animals. Animal feed can be prepared from agro-residues, cereals, molasses, minerals and vitamins etc.

With the increased demand for livestock products for domestic consumption as well as export, farmers realize the importance of maintaining the health of their animals with proper feeding and management. The proportion of crossbred animals increased over the years. This has necessitated higher demand for balanced feed. Feed supply could not keep pace with the growth in various species of cattle and other animals.

Steps to start a Feed Production Business

1. Market Research – You need to do thorough research on your local market. At, first, you should identify the demand of the livestock and other farmers in your area and then select a particular category of animal feed with which you will continue further. Also, look at your competitors who are formulating the same type of animal feed. Study their strengths and weaknesses.

2. Business Plan – Next you should craft an effective and comprehensive business plan to get success in your venture. You need to consider every aspect of your business like objectives, start-up expenses, financial and marketing plans etc.

3. Feed Formulation – There is a specific formula of animal feed for each type of animal and you have to identify the right one for the feeds you are going to produce. If it is not properly produced by mixing the raw materials in exact ratio, you will lose your customers as they would not get the expected results after using the feed.

4. Raw Materials – After generating the appropriate formula or feed, you should buy the essential raw materials that you will need to use.These ingredients may comprise of maize, wheat offal, corn, noodle wastes, minerals, common salt etc.

5. Equipment – The next step is to purchase the equipment that are necessary for the production process.The equipment might include blenders, choppers, cooker, conveyors, weighing machine, bag sewers, pulleys, packaging bags etc.

6. Advertising – The final step is to do proper advertising and promoting of your production business by following effective marketing tactics. This step is quite challenging to perform if you are a beginner. You can hire a sales representative who can help you in promoting your business. You can also make use of the internet by means of a professional website to promote your business.

NEED HELP IN THIS AREA OR ASSISTANCE WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL: money@global.co.za

                   

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CONSTRUCTION BUSINESS – HOW TO START

                                  

The construction industry is growing steadily from year to year. Starting a construction business is an excellent way of enjoying long-term returns on your investment. A construction business is capital intensive simply because of the type of heavy duty equipment that is required to carry out various construction projects and also the cost of managing a large workforce. Despite the fact that the construction industry requires huge start – up capital the industry is highly profitable, especially if you have the expertise and capacity to deliver quality jobs.

The success of a construction company to a larger extent depends on their relationships with the biggest clients in the industry, the government of any country. No doubt there is always enough construction contracts to go around (even small ones) as long as a construction company is competent and well positioned.

The construction industry can comfortably boast to be responsible for the infrastructural development of the world. As such, the development of any community, city or country can be said to be the handiwork of construction companies and other stakeholders. In other words all the bridges, dams, roads, estates, shopping malls, office complexes and massive structures that you see around are all products of the construction industry.

 STRATEGIES TO EXPAND

Bring your business online

The construction business is no doubt an offline business; you cannot provide your services online ever. But you need to come online because your customers are spending most of their time online. Therefore, you will need a professional website design.

Build a Brand

Your website gets more credibility by customers as well as search engines if you present yourself as a brand. To build a brand name you need to get help from a professional graphic design service.

Advertising

Don’t get overwhelmed while creating an advertisement for your construction business. Advertise one of your skills at a time. Advertising in small fractions keeps your audience engaged and increase their chances of turning to you for availing your services.

Similar to any other start up business you will need a solid and well structured business plan when establishing an construction business. A business plan allows you to lay down the blueprint for your company from start to finish.

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CAN ANOTHER SECURITY CO IN SOUTH AFRICA WORK?

                          

Basically, a private security company is any company that provides both armed and unarmed security related services and expertise to both private and public clients at an agreed fee. The security industry is an integral part of our world especially in periods such as this when crime and terrorism has been taken to an all-time high.

More and more businesses look for ways to keep their properties and interests safe from violence, robberies, and other crimes. With security concerns rising in South Africa , there are more business opportunities opening up for entrepreneurs who want to start their own security company.

HOW TO START SUCCESSFUL

1. Decide on what type – When starting a security company you should pick a category of services that will fit in with your target market. Do not start offering an entire gamut of services for which you do not have sufficient funds and other resources. It is very important to pick the right type of security business you want to start.

2. Get Permits and Licenses – You will need some crucial licenses and permits to operate your security business successfully. You also need to be registered with PSIRA and complete their training for all security staff.

3. Business Logo – Your business symbol plays a crucial role in building a brand identity of your company. Therefore, ensure that the logo design of your security business start – up is unique, memorable and stunning.

4. Business Plan – Your  business plan should give a clear picture of the market and your customers. Furthermore, it should tell how you would be moving forward in establishing your security business. If you struggle in this area rather get help from a professional business plan consultant.

5. Secure Income – Security companies tend to have a range of prices, depending on the services they’re offering. The best way to ensure a stable monthly income is to obtain security contracts that will include both short and long – term contracts from established businesses, government, local government etc.

The average private security company can go as far as providing advanced special operation services for special clients when they demand it.

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SUCCESSFUL SUGAR BEAN FARMING

                                            

Sugar beans have a very huge market because           they are consumed by almost every household and large institutions such a boarding schools and prisons. Sugar bean farming can be a very rewarding venture if the appropriate crop is planted in the right regions and at the right time with the right inputs. Sugar bean farmers should follow proper procedures on growing the crop starting from land preparation to harvesting.Like any other crop, sugar beans need basal fertilizers and respond to basal manure and fertilizer application.

Beans may be grown on a wide range of soils, but they generally prefer soils with some clay (>15%), and they are sensitive to soil acidity.. Beans are best grown during the cooler months of summer (January to April) on the Highveld or in winter in the Lowveld with irrigation. In the Highveld, sugar beans can be grown after frost occurrence.

VARIETIES

A number of varieties are available, from speckled sugar beans ( S.C. Bounty & S C Sharp types) to white broad beans. It is important to select the right variety for the intended market, as there are definite market preferences. The most preferred is the speckled type.

PLANTING

Plant when the soil is moist. Planting in rows has many advantages like:

 – you use the correct plant density;

 – weeding is easier; and

– harvesting takes less time.

1. Plant in rows which are 20 – 30cm apart. Within a row, plant seeds at 5 – 7cm apart.

2. Plant seeds at a depth of about 5cm.

3. Fill gaps one to two weeks after planting and when plants have emerged.

                                                                                 

APPLYING FERTILIZER

Sugar beans needs phosphorus at planting. Good fertilizer types for sugar beans are SSP or compound L. Although sugar beans can fix nitrogen, it often benefits from a small starter dose of nitrogen from fertilizer. Fertilizer types that supply both phosphorus and nitrogen are compound L, compound D or NPK.

HARVESTING

Start harvesting sugar beans when the leaves and pods are dry and yellow brown. Harvest by handpicking dry pots or by cutting the plans at ground level using a sickle. Leave the roots on the farm to improve soil fertility.  Dry the pods or the plants with pods in the sun on a clean surface like a mat, plastic sheet or tarpaulin, or on a raised platform. Dry for about one day and do not dry the pods on the soil.

LAND SELECTION.

Select fertile to moderately fertile land with no water logging. Sugar beans does not tolerate acidic soils. Think about the rotation scheme for the field you want to plant. To prevent diseases do not plant beans in the same field you used for beans last season.

TO START AND RUN A SUCCESSFUL AND PROFITABLE SUGAR FARM OPERATION YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE BUSINESS PLAN. CONTACT US NOW FOR MORE INFORMATION AT – (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL: money@global.co.za

                       

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GROWING CROPS UNDER SOLAR PANELS

                                                                                        

As countries make the switch to renewable energy, solar power is a major player. All you need is sunlight and land to use for solar panels. It’s that easy. Over the course of a year, a study in “Nature Sustainability” analyzed what is known as “Agrivoltaics”. This is a land-sharing process tat integrates agriculture and solar energy int a symbiotic system; meaning that vegetables are planted in the shade of solar panels.

The agrivoltaics system assisted crops by regulating air temperatures, reducing direct sunlight, and increasing moisture in the air. Panels also protected the crops from intense winds and sunlight. Not only did the panels help the plants, but the plants also increased the efficiency of the solar panels by cooling them via transpiration. In mixed crop solar farms, the skin temperature is 18 degrees cooler than in open fields. This can create a much safer work environment as some farm laborers are at risk of heat stroke and other heat – related dangers.

A team of French scientists lead by Christopne Dupraz were the first to use the term “Agrivoltaic”. It basically means when solar panels and food crops are combined on the same land to maximize the land use. It’s an idea to maximize the land use. It’s an idea which could bring food producing to the next level. Researchers from the University of Arizona have claimed growing crops in the shade of solar panels can lead to two or three times more vegetable and fruit production than conventional agriculture.

The scientists said that their measurements showed how shading from the panels had a positive impact on air temperature, direct sunlight and atmospheric demand for water. The shade provided by the PV panels resulted in cooler daytime and warmer nighttime temperatures than the traditional, open-sky planting system they said. There was also a lower vapor pressure deficit in the agrivoltaics system, meaning there was more moisture in the air.

                                                             

Solar farming is a field filled with hundreds or maybe thousands of solar panels oriented into the sun. Instead of potatoes, beans or tomatoes planted in the soil, solar panels cover that land, while energy is being produced. It is obvious that traditional farming is a relatively risky business because one is very much dependent on weather conditions. If there is just the right amount of sun, rain and if there no extreme storms, strong winds etc. Thus, not to worry about all these environmental factors and still get income is really uplifting and a bit too good to be true. Therefore, next to power generation, solar farms found another niche “agrivoltaics” – or in other words APV-. It is an amazing idea for a environmentally conscious world, both agribusiness and society.

METHODS

There are three types of agrivoltaics that are being actively researched:

1. solar arrays with space between for crops;

2. stilled solar array above crops; and

3. greenhouse solar array.

All three of these systems have several variables used to maximize solar energy absorbed in both the panels and the crops. The main variable taken into account for agrivoltaic systems is the angle of the solar panels – called the tilt angle. Other variables taken into account for choosing the location of the agrivoltaic system are the crops chosen, height of the panels, solar irradiation in the area and the climate of the area.

TO ENABLE YOU TO RUN SUCH A OPERATION SUCCESSFULLY, YOU WILL NEED ASSISTANCE WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN.

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CHICORY FARMING – IS THIS PROFITABLE??

                                                                                                    

Chicory is a woody, perennial herbaceous plant and it is a member of the daisy family of plants called “Asteracease”. Chicory produces tubes or roots in the first year and develop a flower only in the second year.

Chicory root has a lot of health benefits on the human body, because of its ingredients. Chicory is an excellent source of potassium, Vitamin C and Vitamin A. In South Africa, Chicory is grown almost solely for the root. This is cut into cubes which are dried, roasted and milled and used for blending with coffee. Chicory is also consumed fresh, usually in salads or as a cooked potherb. The leftover parts of the root which are too small to be cubed are sold as stock feed.

Growing Chicory

Chicory prefers fertile, well-drained soil rich in organic malter. Loams, silt loams and clay loam soil often produce higher yields than lighter textured sandy soil as the latter has lower water retention ability and the crop suffers moisture stress sooner. Chicory is a cool – season plant. It grows fastest when conditions are warm and the monthly temperature does not exceed 25 grade Celsius. The plant can survive moderate but not severe frost.

Cultivars

There are 3 main types of Chicory gown for their leaves:

1. A bitter – tasting loose – leaved form is grown as a green winter vegetable, especially in southern Italy.

2. A narrow – leaved, witloof or Belgian form has a compact, elongated head (chicon) which is blanched for use in salads or cooked dishes.

3. A broad – leaved (usually red) form produces cabbage – like hearts. These are generally less bitter than the other forms and are eaten raw or cooked. These forms are often used as a winter salad crop.

                                                                                                    

Water Requirements

Chicory requires 75 to 90 mm of water per month for 160 000 to 180 000 plants per hectare, and then increasing 120 to 140 mm per month during the last 2 months before harvesting.

Planting

The best time to plant Chicory is in the spring season. Seed should be sown in a fine-textured seed bed, at a depth of not more than 6 cm in rows spaced 45 – 60 cm apart. When the plants reach the four-leaf stage they are thinned to stand 20 to 25cm apart in the row. The plant density is about 150 000 plants  per hectare. Ideal planting time for sandy coastal regions (dry land) is from Feb. to May. Up country dry land plantings can be planted from March to middle September.

Irrigation

Chicory irrigation periods should not be longer than 4 hours at a time; 3 to 4 hours are ideal. Some more irrigation is needed for Chicory in drier areas.

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FIG FARMING – WHY SHOULD I START?

                                                                                                    

Figs are an ancient food source and were one of the first fruit trees cultivated along with the olive and grapevine. It is known for its adaptability and high productivity whilst being easy to prune and maintain. This make the fig tree a valuable addition to farming and a rewarding long-term investment. There is almost no limit to the use of figs; figs can be eaten fresh, canned, dried, and made into an assortment of preserves. Foodies find them lovely with cheese and figs could also be roasted and added to coffee for an interesting twist.

CULTIVARS

Black Mission

This is a classic pear – shaped fruit with a purple to black skin and red flesh.

Adams

One of the oldest fig cultivars in South Africa. Large fruits, with purple skin and dark red flesh when ripe, ripen late in the season.

Cape White or Kaapse Wit

Very sweet french fig. The small flat fruits with green-yellow skin and straw – colored flesh ripen early.

Kaapse Bruin

One of South Africa’s oldest figs. It ripens early to mid-season with a uniformly brown skin and pink flesh. Resists the attentions of flies well.

 Eva

A unique South African cultivar with small, egg-shaped fruits, greenish purple skin color and straw-colored flesh.

Cape Black or Koffievry

Another unique South African cultivar and popular in domestic gardens. It is a small, black early fig with straw- colored flesh. Can be eaten with the peel.

Tiger or Tiervry

Striking yellow and green stripy fig, fun to grow in the garden. The flesh is reddish pink.

Kadota

An old Italian cultivar with a prominent, fleshy stalk and typical drop of sugar in the “ostiole” or bottom opening when ripe. The skin is greenish yellow with white flecks and the flesh yellow-pink.

White Genoa

This is an early fig that ripens end of January to early February, with an abundance of large, sweet fruits. Skin is yellow-green and the flesh pink.

Brown Turkey

These figs ripen late in the season with light brown to red skin and dark red flesh.

                                                                                                          

HEALTH BENEFITS

Figs are nutritious, calorie- dense fruit and contain high levels of potassium, calcium, vitamins B & E, as well as dietary fiber. Eaten fresh or dried, figs are an ideal food source for increasing energy, strengthening immunity and aiding the digestive system. 

SOIL

The fig can be grown on a wide range of soils; light sand, rich loan, heavy clay or limestone, providing that there is sufficient depth and food drainage. Sandy soil that is medium- dry and contains a good deal of lime is preferred when the crop is intended for drying. Highly acid soils are unsuitable.

HARVESTING

The fruits may be picked from the tree or gathered normally or by mechanical sweepers after they fall on the ground. Harvested fruits are spread out in the shade for a day or two so that the latex will dry a little. Then they are transported to processing plants in boxes.

WANT TO START OR KNOW MORE – YOU WILL NEED PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE AND A WELL STRUCTURED BUSINESS PLAN – CONTACT US NOW – (27)84 583 3143 or money@global.co.za

                                                                                                          

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MORINGA FARMING – HOW PROFITABLE IS THIS?

                                                                                                                     

Moringa is frequently referred to as “the miracle tree” because all of its parts – from the leaves to flowers, seeds, bark and roots – have nutritional and medicinal uses. Seed pods are oil-rich, yielding 38% to 40% of buttery yellow oil. The oil is highly sought after by cosmetic and pharmaceutical companies, and can be used in cooking, for engine lubrication, and more importantly, as biodiesel.

Even when grown for  biodiesel, Moringa adds for food security. It’s one of the top three most nutritious vegetables in the world and was identified by the World Health Organization as a famine- busting plant.

Moringa oleifera leaves contain  more Vitamin C than oranges, more potassium than bananas and more protein than eggs and milk. The plant has primarily been used for its medicinal and nutritional benefits. For example, in Africa, Moringa has been used by breastfeeding mothers as a supplement due to its ability to increase lactation and to assist them in managing childhood malnutrition, thus decreasing the mortality rate amongst young children (Saambou 2001).

Moringa oleifera is a deciduous tree which within the first year of planting can grow up to 3 meters in height and can subsequently grow as tall as 15 meters. During the first 6-12 months, the Moringa tree can produce fruit, however, on average, it takes a period of 2 years to produce seeds. The favorable conditions under which to grow Moringa oleifera are temperatures between 25 – 30 degrees C, although the plant is capable of withstanding temperatures of up to 48 degrees C.

                                                                                                                              

The Moringa pods are a good source of calcium and phosphorus. The oil extracted from Moringa oleifera seeds contains a approximately 13% saturated fatty acids and 82% unsaturated fatty acids. It is also has a particularly high level of oleic acid (70%) in comparison to other vegetable oils, which usually contain approximately 40% oleic acid.

The roots of the Moringa oleifera are characterized to have medicinal properties. However, consumption in high dosages can be fatal due to the presence of spirochinalkaloid, a fatal nerve paralyzing agent (Nellis 1997).

Several studies have been conducted in exploring the use of Moringa for various industries. The most well-studied and exploited uses of Moringa oleifera are medicinal and nutritional in nature. However, in recent years other uses of Moringa oleifera have been studied and their application explored in other industries such as water treatment and animal feed.

The Moringa oleifera leaves are harvested once a week. During harvesting, care is taken to minimize contamination and remove any residue that may have accumulated on the leaves by washing them three times with clean water. The leaves are then dried and farms employ different drying methods. When the drying process is complete, the Moringa oleifera leaves are milled and then packaged as various products such as capsules, tea and powder.

                                                                                                                            

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AFRICAN HAIR & BRAIDS – HOW TO START SUCCESSFUL

                                                  

Hair extension retail stores includes stores that mainly specialize in selling wigs, hairpieces and hair extensions for both aesthetic and medical purposes. Just like most businesses in the retailing industry, it depends on strong consumer spending to spur the demand for industry products.There are hair businesses that someone with little education and no serious business background and training can start. One of such businesses is to open a “hair extension” retail store. The major things you need to succeed in this kind of business is a good location, easy access to wholesale supply of quality “hair extensions” and good customer service skills.

The truth is that if your store is located in an good area with good human and vehicular traffic, and you have quality hair extensions, wigs and related products from different brands, you will not struggle to get customers visiting your store and make a purchase.

                                                                                                          

The wig and hair extension retail store industry is a very profitable industry and it is open for any aspiring entrepreneur to come in and establish his or her business. You can choose to start on a small scale on a street corner or you can choose to start on a large scale with several outlets in key places.

In setting up any business, the capital needed will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting/leasing a big facility, you then would need a good amount of capital because you need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conductive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and aspirations for the business.

According to a documentary aired on hair extensions, it was found that the reason why more people were wearing hair extensions was due to the fact that the extensions helped add volume and length to one’s hair and could also dramatically change one’s look. This is why customers are willing to spend thousands of rand’s at  one spot, just so they could get a hair extension.

The demand for hair extensions has increased dramatically especially as celebrities have now joined the target market. The reason for the boom asides from the celebrity factor is due to the fact that new technologies for applying these hair extensions have emerged for users.

A well-structured business plan is a very important business document that you should not take for granted when launching your own hair extension retail business. Should you need professional help and assistance in this area contact us now at: (27)84 583 3143 or money@global.co.za

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HOW TO SET UP AND RUN A COMMERCIAL FARM

                                                                                         

The Agriculture industry of which “commercial farming” is a subset of, is no doubt amongst the leading industries in most countries of the world. Commercial farming is all about mass-cultivation of crops and rearing animals, fish etc for the sole aim of making profits. In most cases it is referred to as mechanized farming.

With the recent advancement in technology farmers can now comfortably grow crops in a country where such crops can hardly survive and in places where there are few farming land. People can even make use of the rooftop (basement) of their houses to cultivate crops even for commercial purposes.

One thing is certain about commercial farming. If you are able to conduct your market research and feasibility studies; you are more likely not going to struggle to sell your farm produce because there are always food processing companies and consumers out there who are ready to buy from you.

With commercial farming, you can afford to combine crop cultivation and animal husbandry or you can decide to only specialize in the cultivation of crops or rearing of animals. The bottom line is that if you have enough land (space) and you are interested in maximizing commercial farming, you are sure going to make huge profits from your business.

                            

Commercial farming/Agriculture, or otherwise known as agribusiness basic characteristics is that high doses of modern inputs are used for higher productivity such as high yielding varieties, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, weed killers and so on. In commercial farming, crops that are in high demand, i.e. crops that need to be exported to  other countries or are used as raw materials in industries are produced mainly. In addition, the extent of agriculture marketing differs from region to region.

WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO START A COMMERCIAL FARMING BUSINESS?

After all that has been done, there will be the need to draw u a “farming business plan” . Starting your farming operation with a business plan in place is one of the best things that could possibly happen to any business. This is so because of the clear cut direction which a business plan gives. It enables you to follow a guided path that is growing and surmounting business business challenges. Writing a professional business plan might not come easy as it requires that one goes technical/financial in some sub sets of the business plan document. This is the areas where an expert comes in. There are business plan writers who are specialized in the business of helping rookies draw up business plans.

IF YOU NEED EXPERT HELP IN THIS ARE CONTACT US NOW AT – money@global.co.za OR (27)84 583 3143 FOR PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE.

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Growing Guavas Successfully

                                                                                     

Although guavas are found throughout the country, the growing regions are in the Western Cape and Mpumalanga. The “Fan Retief” cultivar, created in the Western Cape, currently accounts for 90% of the commercial plantings.

Various Cultivars

* Fan Retief – the fruit is pink inside.

* White guava – the fruit is white inside.

* Cherry or Chinese guava – this variety grows into a small bush.

Guavas are eaten as a fresh fruit, dried fruit, are canned, or processed into pulp and concentrate, or even juiced.

Cultivation

The guava is successfully cultivated in a wide range of growing conditions. It is fairly well adjusted to different rainfall while soil pH ranging from 4.5 to 8.2 is proper for desirable plant performance. While guava trees tolerate poor soils, fruit production is substantially enhanced when grown in rich soils under proper management. As a general rule, guavas require very little attention. Nevertheless, guava trees can be grown as cordons on wire fence. Trees can be planted from 2.5 to 8m in any combination of rows and tree spacing.

Pruning & Fruit Thinning

Regular pruning of bearing guava trees are essential. Most guava trees, whether propagated from seed or grafts, produce an abundance of suckers which should be removed from trunk up to 50cm above ground. A framework of four branches representing four quarters of the tree should be established. The crotch angles between the branches and the main stem should be wide enough to facilitate adequate light penetration and provide physical strength to support fruit load at maturity.

Harvesting & Storage

Immature guavas do not ripen off the trees; fruits may soften, but never develop abundant color, and typical flavor associated with good eating enjoyment. Over-ripe fruits drop. There are no visible physical appearances or chemical indices of fruits that consistently reflect the appropriate stage of fruit maturity for harvest. Fruit harvesting should be carried out when the fruit is fully developed, matured, and began to show signs of color change from green to yellowish. Guava fruits should be packed in the natural posture (with the pedicel end of the fruit kept upward) in order to retain better quality for longer periods of time.

A clever marketing campaign for guavas has helped remind consumers about the health benefits of this unpretentious fruit, and opened new opportunities for farmers by reviving the demand for fresh guavas in supermarkets.

TO ENABLE YOU TO START AND RUN A SUCCESSFUL AND PROFITABLE GUAVA FARMING OPERATION YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL FARMING BUSINESS PLAN AND PROPER ASSISTANCE. CONTACT US TODAY IF YOU NEED HELP AT: (27)84 583 3143 or email: money@global.co.za

                                                                                            

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Sweet Potato Farming – Will this work?

                                                              

Sweet potatoes are easy to plant, need little looking after and deliver high yields. They are usually grown in sandy soil, which makes them easier to dig up. But they also do well in most soils, even heavy clay.

Production Areas

Currently, sweet potato is cultivated in more than 100 countries, mostly throughout tropical and subtropical Asia. In South Africa Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KZN and Western Cape provinces are the major production areas.

Cultivars

There are two broad categories of sweet potato:

1. The staple type with white flesh and white or purple skin has a high starch and dry-maltier content.

2. The desert type with orange flesh and orange skin with a high sugar and beta-carotene content.

Soil Requirements

A well-drained sandy loam is preferred and heavy clay soils should be avoided as they can retard root development, resulting in growth cracks and poor root shape. Lighter soils are more easily washed from the roots at harvest time. Wet season green manure cropping with sterile forage sorghum is recommended and should be thoroughly incorporated and decomposed by planting time.

Planting Period

Planting time of sweet potatoes is mainly determined by the climate of a location. Sweet potato plants are damaged by light frost  and the plants required high temperatures for a period of 4 to 5 months to yield well. In areas with mild frost , mid-November to mid – December is the best time to plant, and usually the crops get ready for harvest from April to May. Cold spells during winter can be a risk, depending on the climate of the specific area. In very hot areas, planting should be avoided from November to middle February as storage root formation is reduced by high temperatures.

Spacing

Optimum plant density depends on the cultivar, but is usually around 40 000 plants per hectare. Rows may vary from 1 to 1,25m apart; in-row spacing it is usually 25 to 30cm.

Irrigation

Requirements for water vary with soil type but can be generally estimated as 18 to 20mm per week early in the season, 40 to 45mm per week during the middle part of the season when storage roots are enlarging rapidly and a reduction to about 20mm late in the season. Excessive moisture early in the season delays storage root development and enlargement; late in the season, it induces cracking and for rotting of roots.

Health Benefits:

* Rich in complex carbohydrates, fibre, Vitamins A,C, and B6.

* Pink yellow and green varieties are high in carotene, the precursor of vitamin A.

* Dark orange flesh have more beta carotene than those with light colored flesh.

* Beneficial food for diabetes because it stabilize blood sugar levels.

NEED TO KNOW MORE OR NEED A PROFESSIONAL FARMING BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW – (27)84 583 3143 OR EMAIL – money@global.co.za

                                            

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Successful Cassava Farming

                                                           

Cassava is grown as a secondary crop in South Africa by farmers and small holders and is utilized for the production of starch (commercial and food grade starch) as well as various other products.

Production Areas

In South Africa the crop is cultivated in Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and Northern KZN.It is produced on a large scale in Limpopo, mainly for industrial purposes.

Cultivars

“Bitter” and “Sweet” are the two general types of cassava. The sweet type is more commonly grown because of its greater yields.. The color and texture of the root peel are often the only factors used in separating clones in the market.

Water

The cassava plant produces best when rainfall is fairly abundant, but it can be grown where the annual rainfall is as low as 500mm but well-distributed and where it is as high as 5000mm. The cassava plant can stand prolonged periods of drought in which most other food crops would perish. This makes it valuable in regions where the annual rainfall is low or where seasonal distribution is irregular.

Soil Requirements

Cassava grows best on light, sandy loam’s or on loamy sands which are moist, fertile and deep, but also does well on soils ranging in texture from sands to clay and on soils of relatively low fertility. In practice, it is grown on a wide range of soils, provided the soil texture is friable enough to allow the development of the tubers.

                                                              

Harvesting

In regions with seasonal rains, cassava can be harvested throughout the year when the tubers reach maturity. Harvesting usually takes place in the dry season, during the dormant period of the plant. In areas where rain prevails all year round, the crop can be harvested throughout the year. Maturity differs from one variety to the next. The tubers can be harvested between 6 months and 3 years after planting, but for food purposes harvesting can take place at almost any age below 12 months. Harvesting may be delayed until market, processing, or other conditions become favorable.

Marketing

Cassava spoils easily and it is costly to transport in its raw form as it consists mainly of water. Therefore, most of the processing takes place on the farm. Processing results in products such as gari (a type of pickled vegetable), lafun (a fibrous powdery form of cassava) and fufu (a thick paste made by boiling) which all have a longer self life than cassava tubers do.. These products are consumed in the household or sold in the local market. They are sold in South Africa or traders in Swaziland and Mozambique.

Cassava has a high content of fermentable substances. This makes it appropriate for the production of alcohol. the fresh tubers contain about 30% starch and 5% sugars, and the dried tubers contain approximately 80% fermentable substances.

TO ENABLE YOU TO START AND RUN A SUCCESSFUL CASSAVA FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED TO START WITH A WELL-STRUCTURED  AND BANKABLE FARMING BUSINESS PLAN – CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT:

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PROFITABLE & SUSTAINABLE BANANA FARMING

                                          

Farming with banana is an easy and simple process and you can earn good profits. However, to achieve the desired amount of banana production requires:

* dedication to your banana farm;

* good yard management skills; and

* some basic knowledge about banana farming like sit selection, irrigation, care and management.

A banana tree produces at least 20kg banana fruit minimum per each blossom of banana, in a very short time period (approximately 150 days).

Health benefits of bananas:

1. Good for weight loss.

2. Banana fruits is good for the health of heart.

3. Bananas are excellent source of energy.

4. Excellent source of fiber.

5. Bananas are good for eye health and bones.

6. Long time consumption of banana fruit helps in stopping kidney cancer.

7. Banana fruit is also an excellent source of minerals and vitamins.

8. Bananas are rich in vitamin B6 and potassium.

Apart from this, banana tree raw materials are also in high demand and have plenty of application in our day to day life – banana leaves are used in preparing plates, seat pads for benches, umbrellas, clothing fabric, fishing lines and as cooking material in the kitchen.

The main feature of the banana fruit plant is that it can be cultivated throughout the year. The high technology methods for banana farming can improve both the yield and profit. The price of bananas does not fluctuate much in the market , but they tend to increase during important festivals and programs. Due attention and encouragement can help banana farming produce great wealth.

Factors Limiting Production:

There are a few factors that limit production of bananas in most countries. Some include inadequate farm lands and poor maintenance. Others are:

* pests;

* droughts;

* low rainfall;

* infestation;

* low access to organic fertilizers; and

* poor farming techniques.

Marketing

There is a huge market for banana produce locally and internationally. The fruit is used in manufacturing companies, restaurants, fruit markets and stalls. It has both domestic and international demands. The amount of money you make depends on the size of your harvest, quality of produce, price and location.

Land Preparation

Land development for banana plantation is followed by land preparation. This includes: ploughing, disking, harrowing, and planting. Bananas are susceptible to wind damage. Hence, it is highly desirable to plant wind breaks surrounding the plantation blocks. The tall ducasse banana variety is excellent wind breakers for commercial banana farms.

Weeding and Pest Control

Generally, weeds suppress the growth  and reduce the total production by competing for water and nutrient. Hence, banana plants should be protected from weeds. Shallow cultivation in young plantation is advisable to control weeds. Pesticides spraying to minimize crop damage by various pests need to be carried out by daily laborers.

Irrigation

Irrigation is compulsory during dry months. Severe water stress limits the production and quality of fingers. In a hot low land area, irrigating the field in 8 – 10 days interval is accepted by growers.

Fertilization

Heavy applications of organic manures or fertilizers are considered necessary in order to get high yields and to extend the life of the banana plantation. DAP and Urea are the two most important in organic fertilizers which are commonly used in banana production.

IF YOU WANT TO SUCCEED IN THIS TYPE OF FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED TO START WITH A WELL STRUCTURED AND PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN – NEED HELP IN THIS AREA CONTACT US Now at: (27)84 583 3143 OR money@global.co.za

                                                             

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Green & Renewable Energy. Is this SA Answer?

                                            

Some renewables already supply cheaper and sustainable electricity than the newest coal power plants. Renewables will get cheaper and coal and nuclear likely more expensive. Investment in renewable energy in South Africa can provide decent jobs and increase skills. South Africa is a solar rich country with one of the highest solar resources in the world.

South Africa’s program to introduce green renewable energy into its energy mix has been hailed globally as one of the most advanced and successfully renewable energy programs.Despite the success of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Program (REIPPPP). Eskom refused to sign the full amount of contracts which were awarded as part of the program in 2016. This effectively put the brakes on renewable energy potential and its many benefits for South Africans.

South Africa is falling behind on renewable energy project implementation, even as other countries accelerate their plans for green energy. According to data from “Green-byte”,  a renewable energy management system manufacturer, SA lags far behind fellow BRIGS country China which has 188 232 MW (megawatts) of wind power capacity and 106 921 MW of solar energy capacity.

                               

Solar energy systems have a high initial cost, but typically return the investment within 5-8 years. The use of solar energy in South Africa is driving the use of other renewable energy sources including: wind, hydroelectric and biomass.

Some known renewable energy sources are:

1. Solar Energy (both heating and electricity generating).

2. Wind Energy.

3. Geothermal Energy Sources.

4. Hydro Power.

5. Bio-gas or Bio-fuel.

ADVANTAGES OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

(a) Potentially unlimited supplies.

(b) Clean energy without production of greenhouse gasses.

(c) Cost of creating energy besides of initial investment is low.

(d) Renewable energy projects can also bring economic benefits to many regional areas.

(e) Renewable energy can bring power to remote areas due to smaller scale of operations.

Renewable Energy will become an economic driver and generator of employment for future generations as well. Currently demand is still low due to cost factors, but rising energy cost, improved technology and lower cost will see demand for renewable energy improving.

CONTACT US NOW IF YOU NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE RENEWABLE ENERGY BUSINESS PLAN OR PROJECT AT (27)84 583 3143 OR money@global.co.za

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Sunflower Oil Production. How to start?

                                                       

Starting a sunflower oil farming or production business is capital intensive, but it is a money spinning business if it is well located and if you are able to create a robust distribution network.

Why start a Sunflower Oil farming/production business?

It is almost certified that no entrepreneur would want to go into any business that has slim chances of making a profit, hence the need to start a business whose products or services is accepted and used by all. One such business is the production of sunflower oil. It is a fact that all homes, restaurants, hotels and related businesses make use of oil on a daily basis.

Sunflowers are large plants and are grown throughout the world because of their relatively short growing season. Sunflower plants reach various heights, but most are from 1.52-2.1m tall. The diameter of the flower heads is relatively large, typically between 7.62 and 15.24cm, although some can measure more than 30cm. A common characteristic of sunflowers is a tendency for their flowering heads to follow the movement of the sun during the day. This phenomenon, called heliotropism, has the benefit of reducing damage from birds and preventing the development of disease.

Sunflowers are used to make oil, meal and confectionery products. Oil and meal are processed from the same sunflower seed varieties. The seed variety used for confectionery products has a lower percentage of oil. The seed is usually black with white stripes and is larger than the seed cultivated for oil extraction; the hull is heavier and less firmly attached to the kernel, and its oil content rarely exceeds 35%. Sunflower oil manufacture involves cleaning the seeds, grinding them, pressing and extracting the crude oil from them, and further refining. In extracting the oil, a volatile hydrocarbon such as hexane is used as a solvent to extract the oil.

                                        

Production Areas

Sunflower seed is produced mostly in the 6 provinces out of the 9 provinces excluding Western Cape, Eastern Cape and KZN. North West and the Free State produce a significant number of approximately 85% of sunflower seed. Sunflower seed can be planted from the beginning of November to the end of December, which is almost the same time for maize plantings..

Processing

Sunflower seed provides 40-50% of oil, which is mostly processed to cooking oil. The cooking oil is used on a daily basis in households, restaurants, and various food industries. Sunflower is the basic raw material for the preparation of margarine and spreads, used daily by millions of people. Some pet food also contains oil-seed raw material. In desperate times sunflower oil can also be converted to diesel for use in diesel engines as bio-fuel.

Opportunities

Sunflower seed production is very suitable for the South African climatic conditions and is performing well for income generation to the rest of the agriculture sector. There is  a big lack of black economic empowerment in this industry and also in the seed trade industry in general. The fact that the growth season of sunflower is short, added to its drought tolerance; it can serve as an ideal alternative crop on low potential soils when it is late to plant maize.

INTERESTED IN THIS TYPE OF FARMING/BUSINESS OPERATION OR NEED MORE INFORMATION AND HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN TO GET FUNDING CONTACT US NOW AT:

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Starting & Running a Transport/Trucking Business

                                    

Truck owner operators operates in the trucking/transport industry and it is a known fact that the transportation/trucking industry plays a very important role in the economy of the world. They provide essential services to the economy by transporting large quantities of raw materials, machines, equipment, dirt, rocks, building materials and finished goods over land – typically from manufacturing plants to retail distribution centers and from warehouses to construction sites. As a matter of fact heavy duty trucks are indispensable in the construction industry.

Why start a transportation/trucking business?

The transportation/trucking industry is responsible for the majority of freight movement over land, and they are a major stakeholder in the manufacturing, transportation and warehousing industries. The trucking/transportation industry is not restricted to trailers or large trucks hauling goods from distribution to another via highways, it also involves smaller trucks that help transport smaller quantity of goods from one destination within a city to another destination within the same city. Transportation/trucking businesses is not only about transporting goods over long distances.

The following represent some of the many possible types of transportation/trucking businesses you could decide to start. It all depends on what your personal interest is and what skills you want to employ in your business:

1. Owner/ Operator trucking

There are two basic forms of operating, with the key difference being how you get drivers to fulfill those contracts:

(a) Subcontract drivers – Drivers in this case, are independent contractors who likely own their own equipment. You’ll spend your time on two key coordination pieces – getting the contracts and accounts with the manufacturers who needs goods transported and then finding drivers who can fulfill those contracts or schedule.

(b) Privately owned drivers – In this scenario , you own the trucks and the drivers work for you. You have total control and retain all the profit – and you pay all of the expenses of employees and equipment, which means higher start p as well as higher operating costs.

2. Moving van business

Starting a small moving business is relatively easy – which also means you need to keep in mind that you’ll likely b competing with some college students who use a rented box truck. Your ace card will be that you’ll set up and conduct your business professionally, perhaps offering add-on services such as space for temporary in between moves storage facilities.

3. Specialty Transportation

Specializing in a specific kind of unusual transportation – extremely large items such as airplane parts, or modular houses, or refrigerated perishables – can provide a healthy income. You’ll likely have fewer clients but can charge higher fees for the expertise you have or gain from specializing.

4. Livestock Transportation

Although you don’t need any specific licenses for transporting animals for customers, you will effeminately need equine or bovine experience for potential clients to trust your ability to transport their animals, and you need to familiarize yourself with the livestock transport regulators.

5. Medical Transportation

Medical transport is an important business in the transportation arena. There are several ways to focus on in this business. Some requires no more than a regular vehicle, drivers license, and a solid driving record. You could focus on transporting seniors to medical appointments or driving people long distances to specialist appointments at big hospitals.

CONTACT US NOW IF YOU NEED HELP IN ANY AREA OR WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN FOR FUNDING AT: (27) 84 583 3143 OR money@global.co.za

                                                          

 

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How profitable is a Computer Training Center?

                                               

The computer training services industry is made up of centers that offer vocational and technical courses. They also provide courses in computer programming, which includes curriculum’s for software packages, computerized business systems, computer electronics technology and local area network management. It is important to state that computer training centers also train their students via online platforms.

Why start a Computer Training Center?

If you are interested in starting a business in the ICT industry, one of the options open to you especially if you are interested in imparting knowledge is to open a computer training center. In order to capture a fair share of the available market in your location, you would need a good website that is Search Engine Optimization (SEO) compliant. The truth is that your website ensures that your business remains visible to your customers. You can even ensure that your customers get to book online so as to make it more convenient to them.

With the right experience, a computer training business can be a great option for someone looking to start a business. Setting up a computer training center is not a daunting task once you have become aware of what you need to prepare. The requirements for a computer training center are not as complicated as you might think. Here are the important things to consider when starting a computer training center:

1. Computers & Software

You would need at least 10 personal computers in order to start a computer training center. The number of computers actually varies according to the space you have available, as well as your budget. Aside from computers, you need to have the necessary software in which your students will come to learn about. The computers should also be up to date with the latest processors and operating systems as much as possible.

2. Good Teachers

Teaching is a talent, not a skill that is learned at school. In a computer training center the knowledge level of your students range from the ignorant to those with background but wish to learn more. Because of this, you need good teachers that have the skill to deal with different kinds of students.

3. Business Registration

This is very important. You need to properly register your computer training center with all the relevant authorities. You need to show that your business is qualified to teach the skill of using computers to the public.

4. Find a facility

Once you’ve got the training center established on paper, you can find a facility to serve as its physical location. If you don’t have enough capital to lease or purchase your own center, you can find out if local colleges or community centers with computers can allow you to train people on computers in their facilities.

5. Market & Advertise your training center

It’s important that once your business is established you inform the community about all the services that you provide and what back up will be available for them.

CONTACT US NOW IF YOU NEED MORE INFORMATION OR HELP IN ANY AREA OF SETTING UP YOUR PROFITABLE COMPUTER TRAINING CENTER – (27)84 583 3143 OR money@global.co.za

                                                                                 

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How successful is a Internet Cafe?

                                                        

Since the invent of the Internet, a lot of other big things have happened to the information technology (IT). More and more people have taken to trades that revolve around this industry. You too can begin to look at ways to tap into vast opportunities that exists in the information technology (IT) industry.

The “internet cafe” line of business is one business that irrespective of the change in trends, is still managing to survive especially when the business is well positioned in a location like airports, campus, public facilities, hotels etc. Simply put, an internet cafe, which is also known as a “cyber cafe”, is a place which provides internet access to the public, usually for a fee. Most internet cafes usually provide snacks and drinks, ence the cafe in the name. In an internet cafe, the fee for using a computer that is connected to an internet facility is usually charged as a time-based rate.

An internet cafe may be a great opportunity for you to combine your passions and turn your skills into earning money in an enjoyable and profitable way by following and implementing the following ideas/tips:

1. Planning your Internet Cafe

Write down the different amenities and services you want to offer and the audience you wish to cater to. Visit other internet cafe’s in your area and in other cities to help form your ideas.

2. Feasibility

Investigate the area in which you hope to open your internet cafe business. Look specifically at the demand for an internet cafe and competitors in the area.Make a rough estimate of how much money you will require as an initial investment for computer equipment, furniture, software and amenities.

3. Create a Comprehensive Business Plan

Enumerate every detail for your internet cafe from the computers that you will need to purchase to long-term operational costs. Incorporate the results from your previous market research and explain in your business plan how your internet cafe will stay profitable over time. If you struggle in this area you should rather use the services of a “professional business plan consultant”.

4. Start Up Capital

Using your financial plan, determine your projected annual expenses and gross income. You’ll need to have enough capital to cover both your start-up and operating expenses. If you do not, you will need to take out a loan.

5. Find a suitable Location

You will want a place that is likely to attract stable as well as casual customers. Locating near a school or college may attract younger customers, or if you locate near other food cafes or small shops you might be able to catch pedestrians i the area.

6. Choose a name for your internet business

Establish a unique identifier that resonates with customers and sets you apart from other businesses. Do some research and find information about other business names so you don’t choose one that is already taken.

7. Choose an Internet Service Provider (ISP)

Your cafe’s internet connection will most likely need a higher grade, more robust connection than a normal household set up. Negotiate with your ISP as they may offer special deals for businesses, especially internet cafes.

IF YOU NEED MORE INFORMATION OR HELP IN THE SET UP OF YOUR PROFITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE INTERNET CAFE BUSINESS CONTACT US NOW AT: (27)84 583 3143 or money@global.co.za

                                                                                              

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HOW TO SET UP AND RUN A SPA/BEAUTY SALON

                                                              

One of the ways through which you could capture the hearts of all and get them coming over and over again, is by helping them de=stress from the hectic day to day schedules. This is one of the things that those who already run a spa and beauty salon have at the back of their minds.

A day spa is a frequently visited place by people who need some relaxation from their stressful life. Day spas facilities offer many services featuring several relaxation techniques and traditions.

Spa and beauty salon businesses is booming all over the world, but entrepreneurs should consider a wise business strategy to start and establish a spa or beauty salon. Here are some tips of starting a successful spa and beauty salon:

1. Select your business structure.

You can choose from structures such as Sole Proprietors, Partnerships, Companies. If not sure get advice from a business consultant or your bank. You should also visit a insurance agent who is an expert in liability issues.

2. Define your brand.

After evaluating your spa/beauty salon competitors and their strengths and weaknesses, make an effort to put something unique on the plate for the customers as any extras will always attract them. In the day spa business, you can offer authentic treatment classes, wellness tips, or it can be as simple as a cup of herbal tea in the hospitality section.

3. Find a suitable location.

Search for a strategic location and get it on a lease. Make sure that your spa location is easy accessible and that it has a good parking place. Then, hire an experienced interior designer. The designer will suggest the right color scheme for your spa/beauty salon to give your customers a pleasant and soothing environment.

4. Find your customers.

Take a look around and identify your potential clients. Make sure that your services target the right customers. Determine if your day spa will look to attract neighborhood residents, or will it be a destination day spa/beauty salon for the affluent and celebrities upmarket.

5. Estimate start up costs.

Proper budgeting is the most vital element for any start up spa/beauty salon business. So keep this in mind and estimate the entire costs to be incurred while getting your feet wet in the day spa/beauty salon business.

6. Get an impressive Logo.

You day spa/beauty salon business will draw the attention of potential customers easily if it has a unique logo. The importance of a business logo is catching the attention of a business and the spa logo design will become the identity of a business.

7. Know your Competition.

A successful business owner knows his competitors in the field very well. Find out all day spa/beauty salons in your area and then develop marketing strategies to pout smart the competition.

THERE ARE ALSO VARIOUS OTHER IDEAS TO CONSIDER FOR YOUR SPA BUSINESS. IF YOU WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN OR INVESTORS PITCH CONTACT US NOW AT: (27)84 583 3143 or money@global.co.za

                                         

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Successful Lucerne Farming

                                                            

Lucerne’s extensive root system enables the crop to produce good yields even under relatively dry conditions. Lucerne perennial nature means that once successfully established reliable production could be expected for at least the following 3-4 years.

With a lower cell wall content than grass lucerne is highly digestible and intake tends to be high. Protein and mineral contents are also high making lucerne a valuable alternative forage. It is particularly suitable as a complementary feed when feed alongside maize silage.

Soil Preparation

When lucerne is to be established under irrigation, it is especially desirable to prepare a fine and firm seedbed. As the soil will be irrigated for a number of seasons, well laid out beds save costs and ensure high yields. As efficient weed control is practically impossible in new established lucerne lands, the preparation of the soil must be such that the seedbed is practically weed free at the time of establishment. It must always be kept in mind that lucerne usually remains on the land of a number of years and that good soil preparation before establishment is of the utmost importance because this will eliminate future problems.

Establishment

1. Choose a area that is well drained and spray out to eliminate all weeds.

2. Soil test to determine crop time and nutrient requirements.

3. Cultivate to achieve a fine, even seedbed with no compaction layers.

4. Plant high quality, certified seed.

5. Avoid sowing lucerne seed into dry soils.

6. Plant coated seed and sow at 12 – 18 kg/ha.

Planting Depth

Lucerne is a small seed with a limited supply of stored energy to support the developing seeding. Therefore, correct seeding depth is very important. Placing seed in a moist soil at a uniform relatively shallow depth maximizes germination an emergence.

Plant lucerne no deeper than 25mm with the optimal soil depth ranging from 6-12mm on clay and loam soils and 12-25mm on sand. Lucerne seedlings that do emerge from deeper than 25mm are weaker because of the energy expended during germination. Use the shallow depth for early spring seedlings when moisture is more abundant.

Lucerne Silage

Cutting fresh lucerne at the optimal stage of maturity and feeding it directly to animals year round would supply the highest quality and most palatable feed possible. In addition, field and storage losses would be minimized. However, fluctuations in seasonal growth and plant maturity as well as changing animal feed requirements may make it necessary to harvest and store the lucerne crop to maximize both quality and quantity.

Silage compared to hay:

1. Lower field losses when harvested as silage.

2. Less leaf loss resulting in more nutrients for feeding.

3. Consistent forage quality.

4. Greater ability to harvest the crop at ideal maturity as less rain-free weather is required for silage.

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Pepper & Cucumber Farming

                                                                                                

Peppers are great fun and much easier to grow successfully than some other crops. Chili and sweet peppers are a diverse bunch; they are colorful crops and the assortment of shapes and sizes is a treat to behold in any greenhouse (tunnel) or on the open plot. The flavors are just as diverse, ranging from mild and sweet to eye-watering hot so there is sure to be something to suit everyone’s taste among the hundreds of varieties available from seed catalogues and specialists.

PROPAGATION

Peppers require a reasonably long growing season to produce best results and sowing early will give them that. Sow seeds in or cell trays (modules) using fresh multipurpose or seed compost. Since, peppers particularly the chilies, can be quite prolific, prolific, why not sow just a few seeds of each variety; each has its own unique flavor and it can be great fun to try lots of different ones to be able to pick fruit in a range of shapes and colors.

FEEDING

Although peppers are not as hungry as tomatoes, they do need regular feeding to keep them healthy and productive. Feeding with a high polash liquid fertilizer mixed at half strength watering ensures that plants always have plenty of nutrients. Feeding need not start until 3 weeks after potting on, since the compost will contain all the minerals your plants need until then.

HARVESTING

You can choose to harvest the fruit when unripe and green or fully ripe and colored up. It’s at this stage that chilli peppers are at their hottest and sweet peppers their sweetest. Peppers can be stored in a number of ways – slowly dried in a cool oven (or in sunshine), sliced, roasted and stored in oil, frozen or of course used fresh. If dried and stored in airtight jars they should last for up to a year – in time for the next harvest.

                                           

CUCUMBERS

The cucumber plant is one of the most famous and widely cultivated vegetable plants. Cucumbers belongs to a gourd family of “cucurbitaceae, genus of “Cucumis”. This is basically a creeping wine that bears cylindrical shaped fruits that are used as vegetables. Cucumber is an important summer vegetable crop grown all over the world. Cucumber seeds can be used in oil extraction – this oil are used for most peoples daily cooking’s and an be eaten raw or with salt in salad.

Throughout the world, there are three main varieties of the cucumber veggie cultivated. Out of these, other types of the cucumber family have emerged. Cucumber first originated in Southern Asia before the cultivation spread to other parts of the world. The plant can be grown in hydroponic systems, greenhouses and poly-houses as well.

A recent research shows that cucumbers ate the 8th most grown veggie crop around the globe, followed by maize, cassava, watermelons, dry onions, sweet potatoes and sugar beet.

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How profitable is Bamboo Farming?

                             

Bamboos does not have a hundred uses: Studies done by IDC (Industrial Development Corporation) and other role players show over a “thousand”. Clearly there is a lot more to bamboo products and bamboo processing than than would immediately occur to the reader. Not only does bamboos have many uses, it is a non- invasive crop that can help develop agriculture and contribute towards lifting human beings out of poverty by creating jobs in rural areas.

Bamboo – the highly versatile giant grass that can grow in almost any kind of climate and thrive in the poorest of soils – has been in existence for hundreds of years in Asia, Latin America and parts of Africa. Yet, for a long time the potential of this fastest- growing plant on earth, with recorded growth rates of up to one metre per day for some species, remained largely unexploited.

Bamboo – is used to make a long list of high-value products. In fact, according to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), the plant has over 2000 different uses. China reckons there are nearly 10 000 uses and can fetch even more money if processed.

“Commercially” Bamboo is used for furniture and a variety of building and roofing materials, from fencing poles to veneer, floor tiles, panels for walls and ceilings, scaffolding material, door and window frames and window blinders.

In the “paper & pulp industry”, Bamboo can be made into newsprint, toilet paper and cardboard. The textile, food and chemical industries convert bamboo into fabrics, T-Shirts, wine, vinegar, biochemicals and pharmaceuticals. Domestically bamboo is used to make mats, baskets, canoes, fishing kits, bicycles, fences, toothpicks, school desks, pencils and rulers, to name just a few products.

Bamboo is also a source of bio-energy”. As the population in Africa increases, the massive harvesting off firewood and charcoal will be unsustainable and bamboo provides a clean and renewable energy alternative in the form of charcoal briquettes and wood for domestic and industrial use.

Bamboo Benefits

1. Can be planted as noise barriers and windbreaks.

2. Provides a habitat for wildlife and improved biodiversity.

3. Contributes to economic development and creation of jobs at a local level.

4. Can be a grower as a living fence to keep animals in or out.

5. Provides shade and creates windbreaks for food crop.

6. Creates opportunities for communities to enter the “New Green Economy” and so creates rural wealth instead of the standard poverty relief programs.

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HOW TO START A NURSERY OR COTTAGE SCHOOL

                             

Nursery schools provide preschool education services for children aged 3-5 years, combined with day care. Most businesses in the nursery school industry are private but may get funding from a variety of sources, including state grants.

Getting affordable, quality child care, especially for children under the age of 5, is a major concern for many parents, particularly in recent years with the rise in families with two working parents. As the need for child day care has increased, the child day care services industry began to fill the need for non-relative child care.

CHOOSING THE RIGHT LOCATION

If you are going to open your business on a commercial site, it should either be close to where parents work or where they live. This could be in a residential neighborhood near a school , a concentration of office parks or sharing a facility with another community organization.

OPERATING FROM YOUR HOME

There are may role-players that must be consulted if you decide to operate your business from home. First and foremost will be your own family who will have a business operating around them and possible encroaching on their space. The neighbors will also have to be consulted about the potential noise and extra traffic. Its important to explain how you will keep the inconvenience and disruptions to a minimum. You may also have to find out from your local municipality whether your home needs to be zoned for business rights or special concessions.

RULES & REGULATIONS

If you are going to accommodate six or more children , you have to register your business with your local municipality, who follows the rules set out by the Department of Social Development.

Your application must contain the following:

Your particulars – identity number, address and telephone numbers.

The physical and postal address of the operation.

The number of children that will be accommodated.

Your qualifications, skills and experience.

A description of the programs and services to be offered, including the aims and objectives.

You must also submit:

1. A business plan containing:

– the business hours of the facility;

– the fee structure;

– the day-care plan;

– the staff composition; and

– the disciplinary policy.

2. The constitution containing the:

– name of the care facility;

– composition, powers and duties of the management.

3. An original copy of the approved building plans.

4. An emergency plan.

5. A tax clearance certificate.

6. A health certificate from the municipality.

OTHER REQUIREMENTS

A safe playground that meets the requirements of your municipality.

Insurance – At the very least, you should have public liability insurance, accident and equipment liability insurance.

Compliance – Once you are set-up, the local authority will come assess the premises and the playground.

To serve food you will need a Certificate of Compliance for Food Preparation.

                      

STARTING AND RUNNING A COTTAGE SCHOOL.

Unlike home schooling, a cottage school is where a group of children gathers at a venue and receives education together from one or more teachers. Contrary to popular belief, these are not the same as home schools. “Cottage Schooling” – often called “cooperative schooling” – is an alternative form of education in which children are taught by one or more teachers at a location outside the home for a limited time during the week. Cottage schools can be started by a group of parents or by a teacher.

If you are considering a cottage school but are unsure where to begin, here are some tips to help you get started:

1. Figure out all the legalities – just as public school curriculum vary from state to state, so too do the rules about cottage schools;

2. Decide on an approach.;

3. Tap into your school community;

4. Be patient.

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POULTRY – FREE RANGE EGG FARMING

                                                           

Many South African consumers are beginning to factor in the welfare of animals as well as the conditions in which they were raised, when making purchasing decisions on what animal products to purchase.

On the surface, egg production from caged layers seems like a profitable and highly efficient poultry production system and it is. Farmers using this mode of production still produce most of the eggs locally at a fairly low cost of production. While the drought and feed shortages have put some pressure on the industry, it is still a highly efficient production system.

However, the conditions in which these birds produce eggs is not always humane. They are raised in an environmentally controlled environment where their only purpose is to eat and lay eggs. They are like egg laying machines. This is generally done in a very tiny space that is barely the size of an A4 paper. Some farmers use antibiotics indiscriminately in order to improve the productivity of the chickens in the cage environment.

Chickens raised in a barn environment fare slightly better depending on the farmer’s stocking density. If the conditions are good, they will have the room to move around and express a bit of their natural behavior. While most farmers consider the barn- based environment as “free range” it is not sufficiently so and with proper legislation and standards.These chickens may not be considered free range unless the farmer provides reasonable access to the outdoors for a designated number of hours per day via peepholes. Still, in some countries such as Australia, barn-raised chickens are often considered as free-range. Many SA farmers who use the barn system also label their chickens as free-range products.

However, true free-range poultry production is when the chickens are allowed access to the outdoors and given a well managed outdoor range in which the chickens can forage and feed on the grass, legumes, worms, and grubs to supplement their formulated poultry diet. 

RULES & REGULATIONS

When starting a free -range chicken egg farming operation in South Africa, it is important to familiarize yourself with the various rules and regulations governing the industry. Talk to the local authorities and determine if you will need any permissions. A static housing may require certain permissions which might not be the case with mobile chicken houses for your free-range chickens.

SET-UP COSTS

There are various initial costs that you will grapple with when launching your free-range egg farming business in South Africa. However, what you eventually get to foot will depend on the scale of your ambition as a farmer. There are the costs associated with the setting up the static building and buying various poultry equipment such as the poultry feeders, drinkers and nest boxes. Some SA poultry farmers prefer to mechanize a bit. They do that by introducing mobile sheds or “egg mobiles” which allow the free-range hens to graze over a vast piece of land and glean all the nutrients found therein.

WORKING CAPITAL

If you are rearing the commercial egg-laying varieties such as the Hayline Brown and the Hyline Silver Brown layers in SA, then it is advisable to purchase those that are ready to start laying and which are generally aged at about 16 weeks. This will help you cut down on the high cost and high-risk process of rearing your layers from about day old to 16 weeks of age. By the time you begin seeing a positive cash flow, the hens should be aged anywhere from 35 to 40 weeks. When buying your hens, you can start by placing a provisional order earlier on before the start date. Many breeders will require that you book your hens weeks in advance.

                                                                               

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BABY CARROT FARMING

                                                                   

There’s always a market for baby vegetables, and carrots are no exception. Carrots are root vegetables which originated in Asia. They belong to the same family as celery, coriander and parsley. According to Bill Kerr a vegetable specialist there are a few important steps in producing quality baby carrots

Step 1 – Fertilization – The first step is to ensure correct fertilization. Too much nitrogen will stimulate leaf growth, causing the more advanced plants to overshadow the weaker ones. The advanced plants will then form normal- sized roots, while completing suppressing the adjacent carrots, rendering them useless.

Step 2 – Planting & Spacing – The next step is to select the correct location for planting, You will need 10 to 12 times more seeds per hectare in order produce a plant density where competition for light restricts growth. Spacing is important; you need a population in which every plant produces a marketable root. Too high a population will result in unusable plants, often at the expense of the plants alongside them.

Step 3 – Irrigation – Step three is to ensure correct irrigation. While normal sized carrots need to be progressively stressed in stages, baby carrots need frequent, light irrigation, as root growth must be restricted.

Carrots can be attacked by several fungal, bacterial and nematode diseases. These diseases can cause poor plant growth, reduced yield and quality of the product. The most important carrot disease is “powdery mildew” (Erysiphe heraclei) which is the most widespread and causes significant yield and quality loss on carrots.

POWDERY MILDEW

Powdery Mildew of carrot is very common during hot and humid weather of the cropping season. It attacks the foliage of carrots by covering the leaves with fugal mass sporulations. Severe infection causes poor plant growth, reduced yield and quality of seeds and roots.

Symptoms

The disease affects foliage, stems and umbels. Patches of white, fluffy fungus appear on the lower leaves first, and then spread to the terminal growth. The fungus often covers entire leaves with its masses of white mycelium and powdery spores. Severe infection can result in loss of foliage, causing lower yields and in seed crops poor seed quality.

CONTROL MEASURES:

  • Removal of alternate hosts and carrot residues from the field;

  • Crop rotation with none host crops.

  • Avoid excess irrigation;

  • Spray with locally registered sulfur fungicides such as “Bayleton”;

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How profitable is Avocado Farming?

                                           

The market for avocados has been growing rapidly, and many South African growers are jumping into this market. Avocados can be produced 12 months a year and because there are limited avocados available in South Africa from October  February there is a huge shortage and therefore people are prepared to pay crazy prices.

Greater levels of dispensable income, together with generic promotion and an awareness of the importance of healthy eating, have increased the demand for quality avocados. There has also been growth in the upper income group that is willing to pay high prices for value added products. Consequently, there is strong growth in the sales of avocados that are sold ripe and ready to eat.

MAJOR PRODUCTION AREAS

Avocado production in South Africa is concentrated mainly in the subtropical areas of Limpopo, Mpumalanga, and parts of KZN. Production in these provinces are as follows:

Limpopo Province – 59% of the national production.

Mpumalanga Province – 3% of the national production.

KZN Province – 8% of the national production.

Cultivars

Fuerte

Pear shaped, small to medium or a little larger; skin slightly rough to touch, with many small yellow dots. It is an early mid-season bearer, has an excellent flavour and is susceptible to fungal diseases.

Hass

Pear shaped to ovoid; has a tendency to be undersized, except in New Zealand; skin tough, leathery, dark purple or nearly black when ripe. Mid-late season, medium sized fruit with good shipping qualities. Excellent taste and increasingly popular with the European market.

Ryan

Pear shaped; medium size, skin medium- rough; flesh of fair quality. Tree large and bears regularly but not as heavily as Fuerte or Hass. Late Season, large seed, medium vigour tree.

Pinkerton

Early crop, roundish, late, pear shaped with neck; medium size, skin medium- leathery. Rated as of good quality but inferior to Hass and Fuerte; tends to darken in the latter part of the season. Mid season, high yielding, occasionally post-harvest problems after storage.

Reed

Round; medium to large (227 – 510g) skin slightly rough; medium – thick, faintly nutty flavour; does not darken when cut and rated as excellent quality. It bears early regularly; and is sensitive to cold.

Edranol

Pear shaped; medium size; skin olive green, slightly rough, flesh of high quality, nutty flavor and rated as excellent.Cultivar is disease resistant.

TEMPERATURE

Commercial avocado cultivars are best suited to cool, subtropical conditions with average daily temperatures between 20 and 25C. Light frost can be tolerated but not during flowering and fruit set (August to September). Average temperatures during flowering and fruit set should preferably be above 18C.

RAINFALL

All avocado cultivars that are grown commercially in SA are known to be sensitive to water stress. A well distributed rainfall in excess of 1000 mm p.a. is desirable, although most avocado production regions experience a dry period during flowering. In the vast majority of cases, therefore, supplementary irrigation during this period is essential.

                                                      

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TABLE GRAPES & RAISIN FARMING

                                                                

Table grapes are grapes intended for consumption while they are fresh, as opposed to grapes grown for wine production, juice production, or for drying into raisins. Table varieties usually have lower sugar content than wine grapes and are more flavorful when eaten. The Orange River; the valleys of the Hex, Berg and Olifants Rivers; and Limpopo province are the main producers of table grapes.

Planting Tips

Follow these easy tips for growing delicious grapes:-

Soil Preparation: Choose a sunny place for your grape plant to grow, where the soil drains well. Prepare a 60cm x 60cm hole. Mix some rich, compost into the topsoil removed from the hole and put this mix back into the hole. Compost also helps soil retain water.

Plant Correctly: Plant the root and stem of the vine about 400mm deep, leaving about 50mm of stem above the ground level. Cover the exposed stem with loose soil. New shoots will force their way through the mound of soil and do not need to be covered.

During the summer, allow it to grow unchecked. Remember to fertilize regularly but try to keep soil fertility at a moderate level – too much fertilizer will cause excessive vegetative growth, while too little will decrease the plant’s productivity.

Always mulch your plants – mulch conserves soil water and is Water Wise.

Pruning

  • In the first winter, choose the strongest branch of your plant and cut it back to two eyes.

  • Remove all other branches and when the two eyes send out new shoots, choose the most vigorous one and tie it to the support fence or pergola. Cut of the other shoot.

  • As the stronger shoot grows, tie it to the support fence and pinch off side shoots at every 25cm interval.

  • When the selected shoot reaches the desired height, cut it off at this height. The two side shoots which develop are now trained to grow horizontally outward on each side of the main stem.

Grapevines are not difficult to grow- they like gravel and stony soils, where the soil drains well. They do not respond well to over- or under watering. As they are woody climbing vines you will need to provide a strong support for your grape plant, such as a pergola or strong fence.

RAISIN PRODUCTION

25 years ago, a raisin was a raisin. All raisins were made from Thompson Seedless grapevines and all were tray dried in the field. Research and Development work has now given us more than six different seedless varieties of grapes that can be made into raisins and three different commercial techniques that can be used to provide raisins.

For the last 80 years, the vast majority of raisins have been made from Thompson Seedless grapevines, using a traditional drying process where field workers manually harvest clusters of mature grapes and lay them on paper trays, between the vine rows, to dry. This traditional approach to producing raisins is very labor intensive and research efforts began in the 1950s to develop mechanized raisin harvesting.

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CATTLE & SHEEP FARMING

                                          

CATTLE FARMING

Beef farming slots in well with other agriculture enterprises, especially grain. Cattle can feed on resources that have little other use, such as crop residue and land not suitable for crops.

Before entering the cattle business, though, you should consider your resources, the land available and your level of interest and skill. You should know why you want to rear cattle, and be able to set yourself goals to achieve the most constant economic return or personal satisfaction.

A small-scale cattle enterprise can involve a growing and feeding system (calves or weaners are either raised or bought and then fattened for slaughter), breeding herds, or a combination of growing, feeding and breeding herds.

Growing/ Feeding

In a weaner operation you acquire calves after weaning at 10 to 15 months of age. They can then be fed and marketed in less than a year from the time of purchase. Thus, the investment on each calf is returned within a comparatively short time. This type of operation not require much land, but you will need adequate facilities to keep the animals comfortable and under control. Working with calves requires a good deal of patience, as they are easily excited and stressed, and a health program should be discussed with a vet.

Commercial or Registered?

Establishing a breeding herd is a long-term objective. You need to decide whether to run commercial cattle or registered purebred cattle. Income from a commercial beef herd comes mainly from the sale of calves and old or cull animals, whereas income from registered cattle comes mostly from sale of breeding stock.

Breeding registered cattle to supply breeding animals to other cattle producers usually needs a large capital investment in stock. You also will have to keep accurate records and register the purebred calves retained for breeding stock.

SHEEP FARMING      

                                                           

Sheep husbandry is mainly practiced in the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Free State and Mpumalanga, with the other provinces having smaller numbers. The domestic sheep is produced for its wool, meat and milk. Other byproducts are:-

  • Clothes, footwear, rugs, and other products are made from sheepskin.
  • Sheep tallow can be used in candle and soap making.
  • Sheep droppings, which are high in cellulose, have even been sterilized and mixed with traditional pulp materials to make paper.
  • Of all sheep byproducts, the most valuable is lanolin: the water proof, fatty substance found naturally in sheep’s wool and use as a base for innumerable cosmetics and other products.

Small can be profitable

A small sheep farming operation calls for dedication, discipline and a genuine concern for the animals. Sheep farming is not simply about numbers. A small number of well-managed, productive animals may make you more money than a larger number of animals on poor condition.

GENERAL

Inoculation

It is crucial to follow a proper inoculation and dosing program. Keep record of the dates of dosing or inoculation and the quantity used on each sheep.

Hooves

Trim the animal’s hooves regularly, especially if they have to walk long distances to and from grazing.

Clean Wool

To ensure good clip prices, keep the wool on the sheep free from thorns and grass seed.

Keep Records

In addition to keeping records of inoculations, newborn lambs, the sale of ewes and so on, it is extremely important to keep proper records of expenses and income to determine the profitability of the operation. Without this, you cannot run a business successfully.

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SUCCESSFUL PECAN NUT FARMING

                                      

Pecan Nut production is a lucrative industry. “Income harvested from 2 pecan nut trees is equivalent to that from 1t of maize” says Phillip Antrobus pecan nut farmer. Pecan nut trees are fast growers and can become very tall. The nut has a high nutritional value because it is rich in protein, vitamins, carbohydrates and nut oil.

Climatic Requirements

  • The pecan nut tree is well adapted to subtropical areas.
  • It also grows well in areas with short, cold winters and long very hot summers.
  • Low temperatures and even frost during June to August are required for successful budding and flower formation.
  • During the summer months (October to April) the tree requires high temperatures for fruit growth.
  • Trees are successfully established in valleys and along rivers where the winter temperature is low and frost occurs.

Soil Preparation

Examine the soil regarding depth, drainage and compacted layers.

* The soil should be at least 2m deep.

* The physical suitability of a soil can only be evaluated by digging holes in the ground and examining the soil profile.

* The soil should be prepared carefully and well in advance of planting.

Planting

The pecan nut tree is deciduous and can therefore only be transplanted during winter. The best results are obtained when establishing orchards with trees planted during July and August.

Planting in Orchards

  1. Loosen the topsoil to a depth of 1m before planting.
  2. The depth of the hole must be deeper than 1m, or at least 200mm deeper than the length of the tap root.
  3. Some loose soil should be replaced, so that the cut end of the tap root is in loose soil. This promotes vertical root growth during the first season of establishment.
  4. Well-rotted compost (plant material) can be added to the hole.
  5. Zinc fertilizer (22%Zn) should be added and mixed well with the topsoil. No other fertilizer should be applied at planting.

Aftercare

  • Newly planted trees must be irrigated immediately.There after, irrigation should be applied carefully because too much water given before the tree start growing, may cause the roots to rot.
  • They should be treated against possible termite attacks by timeously destroying all termite nests in the vicinity.
  • The trees should be white-washed to prevent sunburn damage. It is advisable to put a straw mulch around the base of the young tree for better moisture conservation and to protect the roots against high temperatures. After planting , the trees must be topped to encourage branching to form a framework. A height of 1m is recommended.
  • Inspect young trees regularly during the first season after planting.

To set up a successful pecan nut farming operation you’ll need a professional and well- written farming business plan.

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SUCCESSFUL POTATO & ONION FARMING

                          

POTATOES

Potatoes are recognized as an important foodstuff worldwide and is seen as a key component in the worldwide fight against hunger and malnutrition and the creation of food security. Potatoes are packed with vitamin B3, B5, B6, C and fibre. They are ranked after rice, wheat and maize as the world’s 4th largest food crop.

Planting

Mid August to mid October (depending on the area) is the ideal time to plant sprouted potatoes in the open ground. Late varieties can be planted during December. Plant main crop potatoes about 35cm apart, in rows which are 75cm apart. Where you are planting more than one row, the rows should (ideally) run from North to South to allow each plant its full share of sun.

Growing

Frost damage is the first concern during the early stages. If shoots emerge above the soil level and frost threatens, draw a little soil from the bed edges over them. After the plants have grown to about 20cm, rake up some soil from in between the rows and cover the plants with it, leaving only a few cm of the top of the plant still showing. Repeat this exercise again in 2-3 weeks time.

During the growing season, ensure that the weeds are removed regularly. A month or so after planting, the dense foliage of the plant should then block out sufficient light to deter all but the most vigorous weeds.

Harvesting & Storage

Potatoes are ready for harvest when the foliage first starts to die and turn yellow. Early (new) potatoes can be lifted earlier to get the very tastiest potatoes. In this case, harvest them about a week after the potato plant flowers first appear. New potatoes only produce a couple of handfuls of potatoes per plant, so dig up the whole plant.

If you don’t need all the potatoes from a plant at one time or if you want a few early in the season, simply burrow around the roots with your hands and remove the potatoes you need. The remaining potatoes will continue to grow. Store potatoes in boxes or sacks, checking them every few days, removing all but those in good condition. Damaged or blemished potatoes should be eaten immediately. 

ONIONS

Onions are part of the Allium family which also includes garlic and shallots. They are grown world-wide and form an important part of many national diets. Onions have been cultivated since ancient times and are a commercially significant crop on all continents.

Although onions are essentially a cool season crop and in South Africa they are planted virtually all year round. In the Northern regions of the country sowing is normally from February to April. In the Central region from April to July and the Southern regions transplanted from July to October.

Soil Preparation

It is essential that soil is well-prepared for an onion crop. It should be loose to a depth of at least 75cm and if heavy rain is expected in the early stages of growth, raised beds will reduce the effect of any water-logging. Where seed is to be direct-sown a fine even seed bed is vital in order to produce an acceptable stand.

Irrigation

The soil profile should be wet to a depth of 50-60cm. The amount of water applied will vary according to soil type, irrigation system temperature and growth stage of the crop. Many growers now make use of monitoring systems in order to make the best use of available water. Dry-land production of onions is not recommended.

Harvesting & Marketing

Once the onions have fallen they are lifted and left to dry in windrows or heaps until cured. The curing process allows for development of scale leaf color and firming of the bulbs. The bulbs are then either cleaned by hand or machine and sized, sorted, graded, and packed. Most onions are marketed in 7 or 10kg bags through municipal or other markets. A medium size bulb is preferred but there is also demand for smaller and larger bulb sizes. The largest demand in South Africa is for yellow or brown onions but there is a small market for red and pink varieties.

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HOW TO START A BERRY FARMING OPERATION

                                         

WHY GROW BERRIES?:

Berries are a high-value, nutrient – dense crop. Farmers grow them for the market to bring in extra cash. Berries are the cherished fruit of every farm, and once planted, they often produce for seasons to come. Find out which berry types will give you instant gratification and which are easy to care for.

BLACKBERRIES

They are easy to grow once you get the hang of the pruning routine, and the large, juicy berries will yield their first harvest in the second summer. Although they are delicious, they are farther down on the popularity ranking and fewer farmers are growing them.

Be aware that raspberries, strawberries, blueberries and blackberries are all perennial fruits.. This means that you only get one chance to set up their site properly. You should plant them 2 1/2 feet apart in rows. Clear the planting area of weeds and work in compost and other spoil amendments before planting. Spring and fall are the best times to plant perennials.

BLUEBERRIES

Blueberry shrubs are slow-growing and usually take about three years to begin bearing fruit. If you’re busy setting up a new farm, this is one crop that you can plant right away and then get on with other tasks while they get established.

For the best harvest, choose a site that is in full sun. Blueberries will enjoy a north – facing slope or the north side of a building in order to prevent damage from late- spring frosts, and it’s essential that the site be well-drained. Blueberries have specific soil needs. The pH must be between 4.5 and 5.0, and the soil must be amended if it doesn’t meet this requirement. They grow well on slopes or in raised beds where drainage is ideal. Plant them either in spring or fall, spaced about 4 feet apart.

STRAWBERRIES

Strawberry plants will produce a heavy yield in the late spring of their second year. June – bearing strawberries should be planted in full sun for the maximum yield. They like rich, loose soil that drains well. For this reason, they are often planted on slopes or in raised beds. Plant them in the early spring, after the soil had dried a bit, spaced 12 inches apart.

In the first year, remove runners and flowers, in order to encourage the plants to put energy into developing strong root systems. Keep plants well-watered in the first year.

GROUND CHERRIES

Ground Cherries or husk cherries, strawberry tomatoes, or husk tomatoes- are an annual in the nightshade family that will produce heavy harvests like other nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes. They’re golden, tart – sweet berries with a strawberry pineapple- like flavor. They are reminiscent of cherry tomatoes except that they grow inside a paper – like husk. They can be eaten fresh and are popularly used to make jams, preserves, baked goods or salsa. Unfortunately, because they’re frost sensitive they’ll need to be replanted each year.

Try “Aunt Molly’s”, a heritage variety from Poland known to be prolific and super sweet. Practice good crop rotation, as ground cherries are susceptible to many of the same diseases as other nightshades.

RASPBERRIES

Raspberries are one of the most popular berries to grow, and some varieties produce two crops – one in spring and another in fall. This type is called ever bearing or full-bearing. Ever-bearing raspberries that are planted in the spring will usually produce a harvest in the fall of the first year. No waiting – outside of the usual growing season, that is!

Raspberries are self- pollinating, so you can grow a single plant or a whole stem of them. Site your raspberries in full sun spaced 2 feet apart in rows with good drainage. They’ll enjoy a north – facing slope or the north side of a building in order to protect them from late-spring frosts. Keep the plants well-watered in their first year, and use a trellis system to keep canes and berries off the ground and to make the canes more manageable.

ELDERBERRY

Elderberry (European Black Elder) is a truly multi-purpose plant and can be used for a hedge, wildlife attractant, landscaping and for their abundance of fruit. This Elderberry plant is easy to grow, care for and can grow up to 6m high. This variety is self pollinating, but will bear even better quality fruit when pollinated with another Elderberry plant. Elderberry fruit is a glossy dark purple to black berry, 506 mm in diameter, produced in drooping, sometimes numerous clusters in late summer.

Like most other berries, Elderberries are full of antioxidants and contain high amounts of Vitamin C which aid your immune system in preventing and fighting off colds and flu. The Elderberry is easy to grow. The plant should be placed in full sun, but tolerates party shade. A soil PH level of 5.5 – 6.5 is optimal. The plant prefers loamy to sandy soil, but will also tolerate clayey soil.

Planting any edible perennial requires patience, as they usually take from one to three years to begin producing a monthly yield. Luckily, there are a few quick-yielding crops to note that will help take you over.

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GOAT FARMING IN SOUTH AFRICA

                                               

Goat Farming in South Africa can be a very lucrative business if done right. Choose the right breeds of goats for your location and you could raise superior livestock. Goats are hardy animals and can survive under harsh environments. They have survived centuries of periodic drought’s and harsh temperatures. They also have the reputation of being resistant to the majority of tropical diseases and parasites.

Goats are a great source of income. Because of their small size, adaptive feed behavior and low management, goats are a viable option in improving cash flow.

Types of Goat Enterprises

Goat farming in South Africa is a diverse business. Goats produce dairy and have delicious meat, can be bread and even their skin can be used. As a business owner you need to explore these avenues where you can make the most money.

Decide on which area you want to focus:-

1. Meat Goats;

2. Dairy Goats;

3. Fibre Goats.

You can choose one type or combine all three systems in your operation. Your interest and abilities and physical resources on your farm should determine which type of enterprise you choose.

Goat Farming Products

  • Goat’s meat;
  • Goat’s milk;
  • Goat’s cheese;
  • Goat skin and fibre;
  • Goat milk soap.

Additional sources of income:-

  • Breeding Goats for sale;
  • Sales of excess males from dairy operations;
  • Leasing out goats to clear brush;
  • Goat manure for fertilization.

How big should I start?

Determine the number of goats you want to begin with. Pick a number that would be sustainable enough to get things moving, depending on the purpose of your farming in South Africa. It might be 300 or 500 depending on the size and location of your pasture and type of goat breed. Fewer than 150 is usually not enough to support one person or a small family.

Goat Breeds

There are many types of goats, but the breed you choose will depend on your enterprise and what products you want to sell. Carefully decide on the breeds of goats you want to farm.

Meat

Goat meat is in high demand. The meat is widely consumed and accepted as an edible meat by people all around the world irrespective of tribal or religious differences.

Dairy

Goat’s milk is enriched with many necessary nutrition elements and is easy to digest. Many consumer markets are currently shifting from the consumption of other dairy products in favor of goat’s milk.

Fibre

If you want to produce fibre from your farm then Cashmere and Angora goats will be most suitable.

Location and Housing

Buy a sizeable expanse of land to comfortably accommodate your goats. You will need to fence the land for security purposes. If you are near a consumer population, consider farm tourism as part of your income. If your goal is to sell milk, then there is an advantage in decreasing trucking costs when you are located close to a milk purchaser. Goats are very adaptive animals and don’t need an elaborate goat barn. A simple three-sided shed facing away from prevailing winter winds will suffice.

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SMALL SCALE DAIRY FARMING

                                     

As the fifth-largest agriculture industry in South Africa, milk production provides a regular income for thousands of small and large producers. Commercial dairy farming is a demanding and complex operation. To succeed at it, you need to understand dairy cattle. Highly sophisticated equipment is used for milking, and it is essential to employ skilled well-trained workers and also adhere to strict quality control regulations.

Buying a Dairy Farm

Buying a dairy farm is not a decision you should make without talking to experts and considering various factors, as it involves investing a huge amount of money. Not only do you need enough money to buy the farm, you will need money to maintain farming activities and develop the farm in future. The neighbors, local vet, and agriculture expert at your bank can all provide valuable information and advice.

You should find out more about the following important factors:-

  • Availability of dependable electricity;
  • Existing milk facilities and equipment;
  • Distance of the farm to the nearest town;
  • Existing milk route of milk buying companies;
  • Condition of the roads to the farm;
  • Existing contract with a company that buys milk;
  • Availability of sufficient water;
  • Existing pastures and types of soil.

Getting the basics right:-

According to Milk SA preparing adequate infrastructure and establishing a market for your products are crucial for success:

1. Make sure that there is a co-op, shop, school, processor, or even a clinic that will buy your milk;

2. Find out the type of packaging your customer prefers. Some clients for example, want plastic bottles, while others may bring their own containers;

3. Refrigeration is crucial. Your customer will not want warm milk that will sour quickly;

4. If a buyer or processor collects milk from your farm ensure that the access roads are good and your reception area is up to standard;

5. A collection center will only buy milk that has been tested.

Understand the Dairy Market

Before you can sell your milk, it is necessary that you understand some basic principles. Once you understand these principles, you will be able to expand your milk sales with confidence. The production of milk follows a process that basically consists of four steps:-

1. Rearing Animals – feeding, breeding and caring for them.

2. Collecting, Chilling and Bulking – transporting your milk to the collection center or to your customers or the collection of milk on your farm.

3. Producing – milking your cows.

4. Marketing – the sales of your milk, directly to the public or to a buyer or co- operative.

Testing

Once you start selling your milk to a collection center, you will have to agree to the testing of your milk. A center will not buy milk if they are not sure that the milk is hygienic. If you are selling to a shop or to the community, it is your duty to supply safe, clean, fresh and hygienic milk.

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ROSE FARMING PRODUCTION

                               

There are more than a hundred species and thousands of cultivars. The flowers vary in size and shape and are usually large and showy. Colors range from white through yellows and reds. Rose plants range in size from compact, miniature roses, to climbers that can reach 7m in length. Different species hybridize easily, and this has been used in the development of the wide range of garden roses.

Temperature Requirements

The optimal temperature for spore germination is between 10 OC and 18 OC. Germination does not take place at temperatures below 5 OC and the spores are killed off when temperatures are above 27 OC. Spores survive on dried, fallen leaves for as long as one month.

Pruning

Pruning took place during July and August and De-budding whenever necessary through the summer months. The reason for De- budding is that the stems grow longer and the plant doesn’t waste nutrition on buds that cannot be cut for bunches. It is important to leave three or four branches per plant, depending on the size and strength of the plant. To ensure better growth, the branches must not lie over each other and they should encircle the base of the plant. Pencil- thick stems are cut away to stimulate growth and length.

Cutting & Bunching

Cut roses are carried directly to the sorting table and grouped according to length, as this makes it easier to put the stems through the stripping machine, which removes leaves and thorns. Stems are then sorted into colors and similar lengths, and immediately placed in buckets of fresh water in the cold room. From here, they are bunched and wrapped in paper for delivery.

Cultivation & Propagation Methods

Rose plants are mainly propagated by the seeds, layers, by budding and cuttings. Budding is considered to be one of the best methods for propagating rose plants. They can be planted in the circular pits about 60 to 90cm across and 60 to 75cm deep. Remove all the broken and bruised leaves while planting is important in rose farming. Roses require at least 8 hours of direct sunlight for the growth. The rose plants requires Organic malter which include Farm Yard Manure (FMY) and some fertilizers at the time of planting.

If you are planning to start flower farming then a Rose Farming Business is the most profitable business for farmers to start. Roses are the king of all flowers and it is a very pretty flower which is grown in all around the world. Rose flowers and Rose Oil are very popular in the local market as well as in the global market.

Selection of the right variety of Rose is an important factor in Commercial Rose Farming. Production of quality roses are important to win in the international flower market. Roses have various uses depending on the species and varieties. They may be used as garden plant-sand cut flowers. They can also used in making rose water, rose oil and gulland.

Start your Rose Farming operation in a professional way by preparing a well-planned business plan or make use of a suitable consultant to assist you in the process.

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HOW TO START A HUNTING & GAME FARM

                    

   A Hunting and Game Farm is normally run as a joint enterprise, the one supporting the other. Game animals are farmed for the purposes of meat, skin and horn off-take (culling) and tourist viewing. The culling is usually combined with sport- hunting. Game farming may also yield benefits in term of photographic safaris, fishing and many others.

The Game Farm business concept is critical to the future of the hunting industry because game farmers supply the animals that populate the nation’s preserves. In some cases, game farm entrepreneurs also engage in the process and sale of game meat or the delivery of bred game stock to individuals and commercial growers.

BUSINESS REQUIREMENTS  

Requirements for the efficient management of a game farm include:

  • A facility for slaughtering, processing and packing of meat;
  • Trophy processing;
  • Accommodation;
  • Vehicles for hunting;
  • A likely minimum of 1000 ha of land;
  • Wildlife Management;
  • Marketing of carcasses and live game; and
  • Research on the needs of the species of game that will survive in the area, water sources, soil type and the like.

In terms of economics, the value of game ranching can be summarized as follows:-

1. Game ranching works essentially on four levels. The first level is the “sale of hunting trips and venison”, the second level is the “sale of live game at auctions”; the third level is the “processing of animal products”; and the fourth level is the “provision of game lodges, conferences, facilities and related services”. Job opportunities open at all 4 levels.

2. The Eco- tourism industry accounts for at least R2.5 billion. There is a huge potential for future growth in Eco-tourism on game ranches, mainly because its market share of the total tourism industry is relatively small in South Africa.

3. The percentage income derived from auctions, hunting and Eco-tourism differs widely between the different regions and depends on the distance from the big cities and the availability of the Big Five.

One of the biggest mistakes aspiring farmers make is that they forget that while a farm is a lifestyle, it is also a business. Making a farm profitable requires planning and business savvy. Luckily there are professional consultants that can help writing a sound and professional business plan for you.

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RABBIT FARMING – HOW TO START

                                

Rabbit meat is considered a “niche” product and as a result the producer can expect a better price than most other industries. According to Pieter Keyser, a rabbit farmer from Colicky in the North West Province, the South African market has not even started to fully experience this industry due to substantial exports to Europe, feeding the unsatisfied market.

Why Rabbit Farming?

Rabbit meat has been put in the same category as Chicken meat (Poultry). Rabbit meat has been dubbed as the most nutritional meat known to men. This emanates from the following facts about rabbit meat:-

  • Rabbit meat has the highest protein content of all meats;
  • Rabbit meat has the lowest fat content in meat as compared to other meats. In addition, 63% of rabbit meat’s fat is unsaturated fat, which is regarded as good fat.
  • Rabbit meat is also low in calories compared to all similar white meat i.e. content per gram.

Other than the aforementioned health benefits, the rabbit business itself is financially profitable when high standards are maintained in the rabbi try, which results in high meat quality being produced.

How to Raise meat Rabbits

Prepare your facilities.

Rabbits need very little space. Banks of cages can be installed in a shed, or barn. Covered hutches are all that is necessary. Decide how many rabbits you intend to keep as breeding stock, and prepare enough cages for all of them.

Raising.

You need to decide whether you want to raise pure bred rabbits or if you are more concerned with producing the most efficient rabbits.

Food.

Choose a high protein food that will sustain breeding stock, but also will lead to fast growth rates. 14% – 16% feed should be sufficient, and will cause kits to grow at their fastest rates.

Breeding.

Breed rabbits regularly. Always take the doe to the buck’s cage so that they will not be distracted by the new environment of the doc’s cage. The gestation period for rabbits is about 30 days.

Feeding.

Feed kits all that they will eat. You want the kits-to grow as quickly as possible to butchering size. You can butcher kits at 8 weeks old, and they will be “fryer” size. Typically you want your kits to reach about 4-5 pounds by the time the kits are 8 weeks old.

Health.

Always keep rabbits healthy. Watch for diseases, and watch for bad teeth. Both of these can be detrimental to your herd.

To set up a rabbit farming business doesn’t need much money like every farming do, rather it takes a lot of knowledge about the animal husbandry and how best to raise animals, You have to start with a profitable rabbit farming business plan in order to gain high profit in the short term.

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HOW TO START PIG FARMING FROM SCRATCH?

        

A Pig Farmer has 2 options:

  1. Intensive farming; or
  2. Free – Range Farming.

Intensive Pigs are kept in a high-density, closed housing system.

Free RangePigs are running in smallish camps, foraging on feed crops such as oats, barley, lucerne and even grass.

Both systems have their advantages and disadvantages, but pig farmers should also consider other factors before taking the plunge.

To breed or not :

Do you plan to breed pigs, or to buy young pigs (weaners) to grow and sell? It better to start with weaners, grow them and sell them a few times before attempting to breed them. You will get to understand pigs better and be better able to develop management protocols. Your management skills should be sound when you start breeding, as this process is far more complicated and difficult than rearing pigs.

Infrastructure

Pigs are strong animals but are easily stressed by factors such s insufficient feed and water, and severe weather if not housed properly. This will decrease productivity, leading to losses. Pigs need solidly built infrastructure including housing, water troughs and fencing.

Feed

  • What feed will you use?
  • Will it be pigswill or leftovers from restaurants or supermarkets?
  • Pigs grow more slowly on a unbalanced diet, or will you feed pigs a commercial balanced pig ration, which is more expensive?

Before buying your first pigs, make sure you can afford to vaccinate and feed them until they are market ready.

Water Availability

Will you have a reliable supply of clean, cool water available? Water is often called the ” forgotten nutrient”, and an unreliable supply can lead to serious loss in productivity, disease and even mortality. A young, growing pig will require at least 10L of water a day while an adult pig can drink 25L – 50L a day.

Genetics

Buy good pigs; never purchase pigs just because they’re cheap. Poorly bred pigs may carry a disease, be genetically inferior or take longer to grow to a marketable size. They may also have poor body conformation or a poor meat-to-fat ratio. The market may not be satisfied with such pork, and this will affect your good name as a supplier.

Other Information

Other factors to consider include:

  • providing enough shade in a free range set up ( pigs are susceptible to sunburn).
  • access to straw or sawdust for bedding.
  • a reliable market for your pigs.
  • transport available to take pigs to the market.
  • do you see your pig operation as a long-term hobby, or one you plan to grow into a full-time business?

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HOW TO SUCCESSFULLY START A POULTRY FARMING BUSINESS

                    

Many opportunities to start a successful and profitable poultry business exist as long as you start in the right way. How do you start? It is very important to decide upfront which sector of the industry you want to serve. 

The following options are available to suitable farmers:-

Option 1: You can hatch and sell day-old chicks to big producers. You will then only be involved at the first stage of the process and not concerned with the growing of the chicks at all.

Option 2: You can buy day-old chicks and grow them, and then selling them as fully grown chickens.

Option 3: You can become involved in the entire process, including slaughtering.

Option 4: You can build, manage and maintain your own affordable household egg production unit on a small scale. Later on you can increase the size of your unit in order to sell eggs in the community, if the demand for eggs is big enough. Eggs provide a valuable yet affordable source of high quality protein and vitamins required for normal growth, especially for children, when meat is too expensive or unavailable. If you want to start a successful poultry business (small or big) and even if you need money for funding your project or not, the best way is to put all your ideas/plans in a well-structured and bankable farming business plan that any investor can look at. We can help you with this.

Over the next decade the growth in the consumption of chicken meat is projected to outpace the growth for all other types of meat, mainly due to its competitive price related to other proteins. With an increase of 47% (compared to 84% over the period 2002 – 2012) over the next decade the total consumption of chicken meat is projected to reach almost 2.56 million tons by 2022. This implies that the per capita consumption of chicken meat will exceed 48kg by 2022.

WHAT REGULATIONS TO COMPLY WITH

A start-up poultry business must comply with health regulations but does not require a permit or license to start a poultry production business. These differ from area to area, and you should check regulations with the local authority or associations in your area.

OTHER REGULATIONS:-

Abattoirs for broilers.  As the establishment of an abattoir is expensive and complicated to install, it is best for new members to market and sell their broiler chickens live.

Transport Regulations. If you wish to transport slaughtered poultry, you should obtain and study the “Meat Safety Act” No. 40 of 2000 for all the rules. All other regulations including these will be found under the General Regulation of the Public Health Act, 1919.

Animal Welfare. It is essential to ensure that birds are well tended to, that cages are not overloaded and high health standards are maintained. A shower and a disinfectant foot bath is a must before anyone is allowed to enter a broiler house.

Halaal and Kosher Certification. To obtain certification to sell Halaal and Kosher poultry products, your business has to have official certification from the Beth Din (Kosher) and the South African National Halaal Association to produce and sell products for Kosher and Halaal use. Businesses that produce for these religious entities are evaluated and inspected and audits take place regularly.

THE EGG INDUSTRY

The Egg Industry comprises of 3 distinct sectors:-

  1. Day old chick production;
  2. Layer replacement hen production;
  3. Egg production.

Some large companies are integrated and involved in all 3 sectors.

Egg Production Process

Production begins with the breeder stock, at the “fertile egg production facilities” . Good quality eggs are sent to the hatchery for incubation. Those eggs that are not good are sold as by-product to consumers or entrepreneurs. The fertile eggs will produce day-old pullets that will be reared at the rearing facilities until they are ready for laying. At the egg laying facility, the pullets will produce eggs that will be packaged and sold to consumers or be sent for processing.

The Marketing Process

The following tasks are involved in the marketing of eggs:-

  • Collection of shell eggs from farms;
  • Transportation to a grading or packing plant;
  • Grading and standardizing of eggs;
  • Processing and packaging into useful forms that are stable and convenient;
  • Provision of storage facilities;
  • Movement of eggs through wholesale and retail channels;
  • Final delivery of products to consumers at a convenient place and time.

Get funding for your poultry farm

Setting up a poultry farm requires a lot of money, as poultry farming requires an expanse of land a hectare or more wide. You would also have to procure a large herd of chickens that are more than hundreds in number in order to generate the proper returns in income. Fortunately, you can avail yourself of loans that are offered to those that are starting or even those that are already in business. The loans can be used to cover aspects of the business like:-

  • Buying the land to farm on;
  • Start-up costs for the farm;
  • Construction expenses;
  • Animal feeds;
  • Vehicles or Trucks;
  • Operational expenses that need to be paid urgently;

It is also easy to apply for these loans, as long as you can provide the investors  with a well-structured and professional farming business plan. Some investors will also offer you advice from experts in the poultry business, aside from the monetary aid that you will be getting.

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