Business Profiles

Professional Business Profiles

How to start with Raw Land Development now?

                    

Raw land development is the process of purchasing a parcel of land with the intent of either developing and building on it or holding onto it for long – term appreciation. Raw land investing has an array of configurations but will essentially provide a multitude of advantages from other types of investments; whether it be from selling the property, renting it out for a passive income, or simply earning appreciation while performing little or no work.

Raw land is a limited resource, making it extremely valuable. If you purchase land in an area headed towards development and growth, there’s a chance your land can become worth even more. Investors looking to develop raw land should mind their due diligence and thoroughly educate themselves on the market where they plan to invest. The best way to do this is to pay attention to current market trends.

Benefits of Developing Land:

1. Raw land investments are typically less competitive than residential real estate.

2. Sellers of raw land investments can be more likely find finance.

3. Purchase price and holding costs are lower with raw land.

4. The appreciation potential can remain high even with less than stellar market conditions.

5. There are countless development opportunities for raw land.

             

The process of developing raw land can be quite complex and involves several steps that include:

* Access to economic viability – First step is to determine whether the land is economically feasible for development.

* Determine the offer price – Determine the offer price by researching the local real estate market.

* Zoning – Find out what the land is zoned for. This will determine what type of building you can construct on the land.

* Finance – Secure financing before you begin the building process.

* Zoning Laws – Ensure that you are building within the zoning laws of the area and also obtain the required permits.

* Marketing – Once the building process is complete, you can begin marketing the land or property to potential buyers.

                                                                             

 NEED TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE BUSINESS PLAN? CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or EMAIL US: money@global.co.za

 

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Alpaca Farming – How to start now?

                               
Alpaca farming has rapidly becoming one of the most successful and respected farming enterprises in the agriculture sector. Alpacas can provide healthy financial returns, a breeding challenge and a wonderful lifestyle. Alpacas offer an outstanding choice for livestock ownership. Alpacas have a charismatic manner, they do very well on small farms, and they produce a luxury product which is continually increasing in demand.
One of the many reasons why people love alpaca farming is because the camilids fiber are softer, warmer and lighter as compared to wool. Alpacas are also known to come in a wide range of colors which makes it so usable that dyeing is not needed for this product that has 22 shades of color to choose from. Also, alpaca farming in environmental friendly because alpacas do not have a significant impact on the landscape comparing to other animals. The alpacas only has 2 toes and they are very light on their feet.
When starting an alpaca farm, you will need to set up a section of land that will accommodate them. Depending on the farmer and the pack, an acre of land can accommodate from 10 – 15 alpacas comfortably if you are feeding hay and not expecting them to live off pasture. When they live off pastures, the number significantly decreases.
After the land is ready, you need to construct a barn that will act as a shelter for the alpacas. The barn will create a shelter that will keep them cool and away from direct sunlight, which can be uncomfortable for them. It will also keep them dry during the rain. They do not like getting wet, and it can ruin the fleece if it stays moist for a long period of time.
You also need to ensure that you have secured your land with the right fence. Alpacas behave like other animals, whereby they would walk out of the secluded zone if there is nothing to stop them. For that, you need to erect a fence around the land. The fence should be between 4 and a half feet tall. You can either use boards or woven wire, which should be no more than 4 inches apart.
Before starting your alpaca farm, you need to find a local veterinarian that have knowledge of alpacas. Ensure that the vet is close enough, for the sake of checkups, emergencies and other routine shots. When compared with other livestock, alpacas attract very few flies and have very little odor. They’ll typically establish between  two and four dung piles in their enclosure, taking up between 10% and 20% of their entire pasture area. This natural habit makes cleanup and parasite control very easy.

                

TO START AND RUN A SUCCESSFUL AND SUSTAINABLE ALPACA FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED TO START WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND CONVINCING FARMING BUSINESS PLAN – CALL US NOW FOR ASSISTANCE AT: ((27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

 

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How to set up a sustainable greenhouse farming operation now?

                                  

Greenhouse farming is an emerging trend in agriculture that has many benefits, including higher yields and reduced environmental impact. It is a type of agriculture that uses artificial light to simulate direct sunlight and help plants grow faster. This technique can be used in various climates, including South Africa, where it has been increasingly adopted due to the regions hot, dry conditions.
One of the main benefits of greenhouse farming is that it allows farmers to grow crops year round, even if it is winter outside. This means that they can get a wider variety of crops than they would be able to get if they only had access to seasonal climates. It also means they don’t have to worry about harsh weather conditions affecting their plants.
Greenhouse farming enable farmers to control the environment inside the greenhouse, which leads to greater production efficiency and higher yields. In addition, greenhouse farming manure can be used as fertilizer on land outside the greenhouse, reducing pollution and improving soil health.
There are some essential things that you will need to get started with greenhouse farming: Land, a Greenhouse Building, and the necessary equipment. You can find land for greenhouse farming in many places throughout the country, but the best locations will likely be in areas with good rainfall and warm temperatures. If you starting a small farm, you may not need a large greenhouse. A smaller one will work well for growing vegetables, herbs, fruit trees, and flowers. However, you must invest in a good – quality greenhouse to grow larger crops such as fruits and vegetables.
Greenhouse farming is a popular method of agriculture in South Africa because it allows farmers to cultivate crops indoors during winter when temperatures outside are below freezing. A wide variety of crops can be grown in greenhouses including – tomatoes, strawberries, cucumbers, watermelons, peppers, egg plant, beans, peas, lilies, roses, and squash to name a few.

NEED MORE INFORMATION OR HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL FARMING/ AGRIC BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT – (27)84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

 

                                                           

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How to get involved in Property Development now?

                                    

Property Management is the operation, control, maintenance, and oversight of real estate and physical property. This can include residential, and land real estate. Property Management is also the daily oversight of residential, commercial, or industrial real estate by a third – party contractor. Generally, property managers take responsibility for the day-to-day repairs, ongoing maintenance, security, and upkeep of properties. They usually work for the owners of investment properties such as apartment and condominium complexes, private home – communities, shopping centers and industrial parks.
Just as property comes in many types, so do property managers. Some firms are specialized in providing management for a particular type of property, while others offer management services over a range of property types. A huge range of property types can be managed.
Residential Property Managers  – are typically hired for rental properties, and they manage the rental process.
Commercial Property Management – Commercial Property Owners have different needs from those who own residential property. Commercial Property Management can apply to:
  • Public Accommodations like hotels.
  • Retail properties like malls, restaurants, and gas stations.
  • Office properties like real estate brokerages or doctors offices.
  • Co – working spaces where professionals rent work space by the day or by the hour.
Industrial Property Management – Industrial properties that can benefit from management  include:
  • Heavy manufacturing facilities such as automotive plants and steel mills.
  • Light manufacturing factories such as food packaging.
  • Warehouses.
  • Distribution Facilities.
Special – Purpose Property Management – There are also numerous types of properties that include:
  1. Theaters.
  2. Sport Arenas.
  3. Resorts.
  4. Senior Care Facilities.
  5. Schools & Universities.
  6. Places of Worship.

NEED ASSISTANCE IN ANY AREA OF THE REAL ESTATE PROCESS OR HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or EMAIL US AT – money@global.co.za

 

                            

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How to set up a profitable beauty center now?

 

             

The beauty market is flourishing, and salons, spas and saunas provide a variety of services from relaxation methods to various beauty procedures and with most customers returning on a regular basis. The excitement of owning your own salon/ beauty center can be so overwhelming that most salon owners look at writing a salon/beauty/spa business plan as something boring and unimportant. Instead, they want to get straight into the fun stuff; designing the salon, choosing the location and setting up their social media.
One of the many positives that come from having a beauty/salon, spa business plan is that you avoid the nasty surprises, can foresee possible bumps in the road and put a plan in place to better manage them if they do come up. In short you’ll prevent the business from taking control over you.
If you’re in the beauty industry you are either offering a niche service or more general services. Each business strategy has its pros and cons. A  one-stop shop is always convenient for a client to have access to all their treatments in one place. On the other hand, a nice offering like hair care or skin care can ensure that you aren’t spreading yourself too thin, and you can hire the most qualified specialists in that niche area. This can help you build your reputation as the place to go for an unmatched service.
There are some things you should remember if you’re in the beauty industry:
1. You need to stay ahead of the game – The beauty industry is known to develop at a fast pace. There are always new techniques and technology to take advantage of in this growing market.
2. You need to put some attention into marketing – marketing may not seem like a top priority, but it can significantly help your business grow. It’s important to make your business known to the right audience.
3. You need to plan for seasonal high and lows – your salon can see an uptake when the weather is good and its holiday season. This time of the year people may want to spoil themselves and indulge in luxury treatments, spa days or massages. Outside of these peak times business can still come in but it can be a bit slower.

NEED TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN? – CONTACT US NOW AT (27)84 583 3143 OR SEND US A EMAIL AT: money@global.co.za WITH YOUR REQUIREMENTS

                                  

 

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How Profitable is Coconut Oil Production now?

                                     

Coconuts , or cocos nucifera, are part of the palm tree family. Coconut trees come in 13 different varieties and can live anywhere from ten to hundred years, depending on type and growing condition. Coconuts grow from the seed. If you leave a coconut outside in shady conditions long enough it will begin to sprout a leaf from its hard shell in about 6 to 8 months.
Coconuts should be planted approximately ten to thirty feet apart depending on which type of tree you have. Dwarf coconuts are shorter and have thicker bases than other coconuts that grow tall and thin. Coconuts are in season all year long and grow in groups of 5 to 12 fruits each. A new group begins to grow every month. So, a bunch of coconuts mature once every month, with a coconut palm producing about 100 – 120 coconuts a year.
Coconut oil is an edible oil which is extracted from the copra. It provides the primary source of fat in the diet of millions of people. Important coconut manufacturing plant machines you will need to start a coconut oil manufacturing business include (but not limited to):
* Boiler.
* Copra Cutter.
* Copra Dyer.
* Cooker / Kettle.
* Copra Oil Expeller Machines.
* Crude Coconut Oil Storage Tanks.
* Oil Filter Press Machines.
* Bucket Elevator.
* Filtered Oil Storage Tanks.

                            

 

Coconut Oil is an edible oil derived from the wick, meat, and milk of the coconut palm fruit.
HOW IS COCONUT OIL MADE???
1. Boiling Method – This is the most recognized method of making coconut oil. It involves using heat to separate the oil from the coconut meat.
2. Cold Press Method – This method uses no heat, so it retains most of the nutrients found in the coconut oil.
3. Wet Milling Method – Refrigeration – This method extracts the oil from fresh coconut meat without drying or heating it.

                                                                       

TO START A SUCCESSFUL COCONUT OIL PRODUCTION OR FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED TO START WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL – STRUCTURED BUSINESS PLAN AND FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS – CONTACT US NOW FOR A PROFESSIONAL SERVICE AT (27) 84 583 3143 OR Email us at: money@global.co.za

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How to Start a Integrating Farming System now?

                        

A Integrated Farming System (I.F.S.) is a combination of many systems. The main aim is to increase farmers income by using natural resources on a sustainability basis which can be obtained by integrating crop husbandry with allied enterprises.
Advantages:
* Productivity.
* Profitability.
* Sustainability.
* Saving Energy.
* Employment all year round.
* Adapter of new technology.
* Recycling of waste.
An integrating farming system (IFS) is one that looks at the whole farm as a system and how different components work together to enhance ecosystem functions of the land at local and possibly landscape levels. The use of IFS will impart knowledge on land and water resources management and agriculture. It could also provide employment, particularly for young graduates, as an IFS system requires paid workers to run it properly.
IFS is a multi – disciplinary whole farm approach and very effective in solving the problems of small and marginal farmers. The approach aims at increasing income and employment from small – holding by integrating various farm enterprises and recycling crop residues and by – products within the farm itself.
Types of IFS:
* Crop – Livestock – Farming.
* Crop – Livestock – Fishery Farming System.
* Crop – Livestock – Poultry – Fishery Farming System.
* Crop – Poultry – Fishery – Mushroom Farming System.
* Crop – Fishery – Duckery – Farming System.
* Crop – Livestock – Fishery – Vermicomposting Farming System.
Sustainable development is the only way to promote rational utilization of resources and environmental protection without affecting economic growth. IFS hold a special position because in this system nothing is wasted; the by – product of one system becomes the input for others.. IFS is a promising approach for increasing overall productivity and profitability through recycling the farm by – products and efficient utilization of available resources.

 

                                                        

 

WANT TO START OR EXPAND A IFS FARMING OPERATION ? – YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL – STRUCTURED FARMING BUSINESS PLAN AND CASH FLOW PROJECTIONS – CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT = (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL: money@global.co.za

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How to start Successful Lime/Lemon Farming now?

                                                  

Lemons are a popular fruit due to its list of health benefits and usefulness in the kitchen. This hardy citrus fruit is usually not consumed in the natural form, but can be used in juices, sauces, sweet and savory dishes and other beverages. Lemon farming is a lucrative agribusiness that only a small number of farmers has tapped. They have high demand both in the local and export markets.
With more emphasis on value addition and on increasing number of juice makers, lemon farmers have a myriad of opportunities. They are an essential source of Vitamin C, are highly nutritious, and have a wide range of health benefits. Commercial lime farming is a very easy and profitable farming business, and many people around the world are already doing this type of business.
Site Selection
Lime plants can grow in all types of soils. But light soils having a good drainage system are most suitable for commercial lime farming. The pH range of the soil should be between 5.5 and 7.5. The lime plants can also grow in slightly alkaline and acidic soils. Preparing the soil perfectly before planting is very important. Plough, cross plough and level the land properly. Add as much organic contents as you can while preparing the soil.
Planting
Planting of a lime plant is generally done at the afternoon when sunlight is reduced. Water the plants immediately after planting. Keep 4.5 x 4.5 meter spacing between the plants. Dig pits of size 60 x 60 x 60 cm for planting seedlings. Apply 10kg of farmyard manure and 500g of single super phosphate to the pits while planting.

                                                     

Fertilizing
The lime plants are heavy feeders. They require both organic and chemical fertilizers for better growth and maximum production. Apply well decomposed cow dung at the rate of 5 to 20kg per tree when the age of the plant is between 1 and 3 years. Apply Urea at the rate of 100 – 300 grams per tree.
Yield
Yield is generally low during the initial years. You can expect between 50 and 60 fruits per tree in their 2 – 3 years. Production increase as the plants age and you can expect good production from their 8th years of age. Average production is around 700 fruits per tree after stabilization.

                                                                

WANT TO START A SUCCESSFUL LIME/LEMON FRUIT FARMING OPERATION? YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL – STRUCTURED FARMING BUSINESS PLAN. CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or email: money@global.co.za

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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How to Start Mustard Oil Production Farming Now?

                                                                 

Mustard oil is an oil type extracted from mustard seeds. Mustard oil is dominantly used in the food and beverage industry, and pharmaceuticals.. The market for mustard oil has shown significant growth in the global market. The replacement of sunflower and other oils with mustard oils accounts for this growth.
Mustard seeds are available mainly in 3 variants, such as black, brown and white mustard. The processing method of mustard oil also depends on its application. Crude extraction of mustard oil is mainly used for food and beverage uses. The second method, distillation extraction of mustard oil, is used in the application of pharmaceuticals and therapies. The wide applications of mustard oil, mainly in medicine and food  processing, have hiked the growth chart of mustard oil in the global market.

                                                                                   

Food with edible mustard oil is becoming more popular. The replacement of sunflower oil with mustard oil has increased the demand for the mustard oil food market. The strong taste and composure of mustard oil elevate the taste of dishes, improvising the demand for mustard oil over other oils.
Mustard oil benefits:
  • May block microbial growth.
  • May promote skin and health care.
  • May alleviate pain.
  • May slow cancer cell growth.
  • May support heart health.
  • Reduces inflammation.
  • May help treat cold symptoms.
Mustard oil comes from the seeds of the mustard plant. This spicy oil is popular in Indian and Nepalese cooking. Some people use the oil for hair care.

WANT TO START YOUR OWN MUSTARD SEED OIL MANUFACTURING PLANT? START THE RIGHT WAY BY DEVELOPING A BUSINESS PLAN. NEED HELP WITH THIS? CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT: (27)84 583 3143 OR money@global.co.za

                                                                

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Why Start with Groundnut Oil Processing now?

                                                        

Groundnut oil, also known as peanut oil, is a mild tasting vegetable oil expressed from groundnut kernels. Groundnut oil is widely used in cooking, including frying, basting, and the manufacturing of margarine’s  and  shortenings.
Groundnut oil production is a financially profitable venture with huge export potential. You can start and run a groundnut oil processing operation on a small  and medium scale basis according to the desired output and project cost.
Selecting the right location for your factory operation is an important aspect. Major required utilities are water and electricity. Also, the easy availability of transport and labor is important. The basic machines and equipment required are as follows:
  • Pre – cleaner for cleaning the oil seeds.
  • Cans and trays for handling oil seeds.
  • Solar dryer.
  • Oil Extractor Machine.
  • Mechanical Oil Expeller.
  • Filter Press.
  • Oil filling machine.
  • Steel drums for storing edible oil.
  • Bottle filling machine.
  • Bottle capping cum sealing machine.
                                                                 
 The principal raw material required for the production of groundnut oil is groundnut seed. The seed will give approximately 44 – 50% oil and 50 – 55% meal. Other required raw materials include caustic soda, bleaching earth and packaging consumables. Edible oil technology is divided into two groups. These are mechanical pressing and solvent extraction. For oil-seeds with high oil content such as groundnuts, you will need to apply first mechanical pressing.
Groundnut oil is cherished by consumers for its unique flavor and abundance of the powerful antioxidant tocopherol (vitamin E). It has a high smoke point of 229°C making it ideal for frying purposes. Pure groundnut oil can be refined to enhance its taste, smell, color, and oxidative stability by de-gumming, neutralization, bleaching’s and deodorization. 

TO START OR EXPAND ANY GROUNDNUT OIL PRODUCTION PLANT SUCCESSFULLY YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL STRUCTURED BUSINESS PLAN. CONTACT US NOW FOR PROFESSIONAL HELP AT: (27) 84 583 3143 OR email: money@global.co.za 

                                                                                                   

 

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How to Start Farming with Appaloosa Horses Now?

                                         

The ” Appaloosa” horse is a beautiful full – sized North America horse breed and its distinctive features are its leopard – complex spotted coat and oftentimes striped hooves. The Appaloosa has several traits which taken together are unique to the horse breed. These include mottled skin, striped hooves, white sclera around the eyes, and of course the distinctive appaloosa coat patterns. The appaloosa comes in a variety of color patterns, including snow- capped blanket, leopard, blanket with spots, varnish roan and snowflake.
The Appaloosa remains a versatile horse. It is used in working cattle and rodeo competitions, pleasure rides, long – distance trail riding, racing and a variety of other Western and English riding sports and activities. Additionally, the appaloosa breed is often featured in movies and television because of its unusual markings.
Appaloosas require a standard horse diet of fresh grass, quality hay, grains, and some fruits and vegetables, as occasional treats. They may also need some vitamin and mineral supplementation, especially if they cannot graze freely in pasture. The amount of food they need depends on their size, and activity level.
The Appaloosa breed is spreading its wings all over Africa and studs have been founded across the South African borders and even into the African region and they can only bode well for the future of the appaloosa breed in Africa.

                                                

IF YOU WANT TO START OR EXPAND YOUR HORSE FARMING OPERATION YOU WILL NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE FARMING BUSINESS PLAN – CONTACT US NOW AT:

(27)84 583 3143 or email: money@global.co.za for professional and personal help and support

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How to Start a Sustainable Timber Farming Operation now?

                                                                           

” Commercial Forestry” is much like any other farming practice. The crops are considered a renewable resource, used to make sawn timber, pulp, paper, poles, mining timber , matches, charcoal and cellulose – based  products. Specific species of trees are planted, harvested and replanted in sustainable rotation. This ensures that there are trees at various stages of growth and maturity, ready to harvest for generations to come.

Forestry is more than the science of planting, managing and caring for timber plantations. It’s also about looking after the landscape which timber share with other animal and plant species as well as the people and communities that the Foresting and Forest Products Industries touches.

LOGGING

Logging is the process of cutting down and removing trees from the forest. In forestry, the phrase is used to describe log making, which includes cutting the branches off, removing the bark and cutting trees into parts. In some cases, logging may refer to the whole logistical process of felling, processing, removing and transporting trees from the forest to the sawmill.

LOGGING IMPORTANCE

Below are reasons why logging is important:

1. Minimizes competition for resources – Logging is important because it reduces crowding in the forest. Crowded trees must compete for nutrients such as sunlight and water. The younger and shorter trees may not receive the sunlight they need because of the overcrowding of the older trees.

2. Boosts the health of the trees –  Logging can keep trees healthy. When logging, the parts of trees that have diseases are removed and the remaining trees can grow without the threat of any disease.

3. Provides necessary raw materials – Trees are a raw material and is important for our survival. They are useful in making furniture, supply materials for building homes, and are useful for making many everyday items. All of these things require logging.

4. Reduces forest fires – Logging helps to reduce forest fires. If there’s a lightning – triggered fire in a crowded forest, fire will spread rapidly, unlike when the trees have been thinned.

5. Enhances undergrowth – Selective logging is important, as it allows more sunlight and air to reach the forest floor, encouraging the growth of vegetation under larger trees.

Assistance for small – scale timber operations

The timber industry falls under the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Daff), and to assist small – scale timber operations, the department has established the Forestry Enterprise Development (FED) Programme. The aim of the FED programme is to create opportunities for people to utilize forests indigenous forests, woodlands and plantations and forest – based resources for economic growth, income generation/ job creation in a manner that will take people from a subsistence livelihood system into the market economy

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED ANY HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN AND SERVICE CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

                                                                               

 

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How to start a Kota Business Successful Now?

                                                                  

 

Almost everyone in South Africa loves a Kota / Bunny Chow. There is a huge demand for this product in South Africa and they are sold at almost every township.

You can operate this kind of business from a shack, container or a professional space depending on Where you want to start and operate your business from. Containers work fine if operating at a township or cbd. You will need operating premises, equipment, some utilities and stock. Equipment that you will need include:

  • Deep Fryer.

  • Potato Chipper.

  • Frying Pans.

  • Fridge and

  • Microwave.

Stock

A traditional Kota usually consists of Bread, Polony, Mangola, Atchar, Vienna, Cheese and Eggs. A modern Kota will also include things like lettuce and bacon amongst others. Decide which ingredients you will use on your Kota menu and buy them from wholesalers at lower prices and not from huge retail stores.

Marketing

You need to make potential customers aware that you are selling Kota products. Set up your Kota business in a visible area and then brand it to attract customers. To attract customers and make your business competitive offer and provide excellent customer service. Ensure you only sell high quality products that your customers will like and come back for more. Word – of – Mouth advertising will work better if customers are satisfied.

Kota business is a profitable venture in South Africa and does not require huge start up capital. The number of Kotas you sell will determine the profitability of your Kota business. Market your business properly and you are sure to get a large share of customers.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED PROFESSIONAL HELP WITH A BUSINESS PLAN CONTACT US NOW AT: (27)84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

                                                                               

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WHY START A CANNABIS & HEMP FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                                                 

HEMP – a low type of  Cannabis sativa with a low level of the Unnibinoid THC – is a wind – pollinated, annual broad-leaf plant with a taproot. It is cultivated for its production of long fibers for textiles, hemp seeds for oil and other uses. 

Most of Africa’s climate is favorable to cannabis cultivation. The plant likes warm and sunny weather and does not do so well in the cold. Certain cannabis strains can also thrive in extreme heat. Some growing techniques such as dry farming allows farmers to grow the crop using mostly rainfall with minimal additional watering if the climate conditions are right. Drip irrigation is also a cheap and efficient way to water cannabis crops in Africa.

The cannabis plant grows in stages. First come the initial germination and seeding. Then, the plant enters the vegetative phase and produces most of its leaves and branches. After several weeks, the plant can enter the flowering stage. If the plant is a male plant, it will grow pollen sacks. If it is a female plant, it will produce flowers (buds) that can be smoked or processed into tinctures and oils.

Up until 29/10/2021, it was illegal to grow hemp in SA. After careful consideration, the Minister of Agriculture, Land Reform and Rural Development announced the opening of the application process for Hemp and Cannabis permits. This means that Agripreneurs/farmers are now able to apply for a permit to farm hemp and cannabis as an “agricultural” crop.

ARE HEMP AND CANNABIS THE SAME THING?

Hemp and Cannabis (marijuana) are not the same things. Although they fall under the same genus, Cannabis, Hemp (Cannabis savita L) is very much for “industrial ” or agricultural use, whereas marijuana (also known as dagga) can be used for “medicinal” or recreational purposes. The following options are available for interested agripreneurs/farmers:

  • Cannabis farmer – growing and cultivating hemp.
  • CBD or Hemp manufacturer – this could include producing CBD Oils or Hemp textiles.
  • CBD or Hemp product developer – creating products using CBD Oils or Hemp textiles.
  • Hemp or CBD product distributor – selling CBD or Hemp products to consumers.

SOIL PREPARATION

Hemp and Cannabis grows best in well – drained loam soil with a pH of between 6 and 7.5 with abundant organic matter – at least 3,5%. Dense, poorly- drained clay soil is not suitable and sandy soil’s need for extra irrigation and fertilization may be uneconomical. Seedbed preparation is important; firm and fine is best in order to plant hemp/cannabis seeds between 203 cm deep. Hemp is sensitive to frost during germination and requires water during the first 6 weeks after planting.

HARVESTING

Harvesting hemp for fiber is easier than harvesting hemp for the hemp seed. To harvest hemp grown for fiber, implements used for the harvesting of forage crops can be used, which perform well without major modifications. A straight sickle mower is the most suitable for harvesting hemp for textile applications. This implement leaves cut stems intact, laid neatly and organized directly on the ground. Haybines do not work well as the long stems wrap on the reel. Cut no shorter than 10cm above the soil surface.

                                          

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HOW TO START SUCCESSFUL HEALTH CARE SERVICES NOW?

                                                   

Many public and private hospitals are running these days and fulfilling the needs of the society and generating income. Still, the need for more hospitals and healthcare services are increasing day by day. Specialized hospitals in any medical field are also working in the health care industry like children hospitals etc. The healthcare industry is also becoming selective in the hiring of new employees as they are focusing on trained and specialized staff for the hospital. Starting a hospital is a good idea and a secure investment.  

A hospital business is a technical venture and need proper planning and a strategy. You can’t merely buy a place and hire doctors to start the venture. You must know the number of people you are targeting for the hospital because it will help to develop the strategy. It is important to take advice and help from the experts so that you won’t ignore the basic issues.

The business of hospitals and health care organizations is one of the most emerging industries and globally adopted by people from all over the world. It is a profitable as well as a long – term stable business. As we know health is an essential need of the society, hence the importance of health management services and organizations can never be underestimated.

Starting a new healthcare venture requires a thorough understanding of the national/government as well as public policy. You need to understand how people deal with the matters related to health and what are their requirements.

Health care services and new hospitals are one of the fastest expanding industries in the world. Its growth depends upon the needs of society. The wealth and development of a nation are dependent upon its health.

Healthcare service providers or organizations are a very serious concern in every part of the world. In fact, the healthcare industry consumes a vast amount of a country’s budget because providing the best health care services to people is the most important task.

                                                               

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WHY SHOULD I START A SUSTAINABLE FOOD TRUCK BUSINESS NOW?

                                              

A food truck business can simply be classified as a restaurant on the go (mobile restaurant) . A Food Truck is essentially a large truck that is equipped with the necessary gadgets to cook and conveniently sell foods. It is a business venture that has come to stay; a business that is gaining momentum as the years roll by.

Food Trucks are more popular today than ever before. You’ve likely seen them at festivals, birth day parties, weddings, and other special events. In addition, since the Covid – 19 pandemic began, many patrons opt for grabbing meals from food trucks instead of visiting restaurants.

While the restaurant industry has grown about 2% in recent years, food trucks have skyrocketed at an annual growth rate of 8%. The food truck craze shows no sign of slowing down as people view food trucks as a fun and affordable way to try new foods.

More and more people are realizing the growth of this industry and pursuing their own food truck ventures as a result. Here’s why: they require a much smaller initial investment than a restaurant.

While a food truck is typically easier and more affordable to start and operate than a restaurant, it does take some time and effort to ensure success. There are certain strategies that can help you stand out from other food trucks, gain new customers, retain loyal ones, and maximize your profits.

Also, while there may already be a lot of food truck business ideas in your neighbourhood, the market for food trucks is far from saturated. There’s still an idea floating around your community that no one has pursued. It’s something worth exploring. It’s less risky than trying to open a (brick – and – mortar) business or something on a greater scale. Even if you don’t end up being successful with a truck, you could flip it and sell it or you could try something new.

                                                     

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How to Start a Township & Delivery Services Now?

                              

Many niche markets have a need for reliable services, and this is where a small delivery service business can achieve success. One big part of the business is the transportation of cargo. Large and Small businesses alike need to transport inventory, so they need reliable service.

Benefits of this type of Business include:

  • Access to many potential customers.

  • Minimal equipment costs.

  • No requirements for experience or education.

As you think about the deliveries your business will handle, you’ll need to select a vehicle that maximizes cargo space. If you’re moving cargo like medical tests, paperwork or other small items, a transit or cargo van will work well. For larger deliveries, such as furniture, a box truck is a better option.

When you start a delivery service, you may need additional items such as padding, dollies, and straps to secure the cargo. These items may not be available through financing with the vehicle you select, but make sure to plan to buy the necessary items as part of the initial investment. If your delivery service will only handle small packages, a compact car or SUV could offer enough space.

TOWNSHIP DELIVERIES

Fast food deliveries such as Uber Eats and Mr D don’t operate in South Africa’s townships and rural areas and therefore create a huge opportunity for inspiring entrepreneurs to start a small delivery business in these areas.

Electric scooters deliver packages, food and other goods quickly, smoothly, quietly, and very cost effectively. Electric scooters need very little servicing keeping your investment on the road and working for you.

Although it is really hard to pinpoint to a location in these remote areas, you can hire local drivers with intimate knowledge of their communities, landmarks, and the maze of UN-mapped streets which weave through the particular township. 

To limit high petrol costs, electric scooters, who can be fully charged and allow drivers to travel around 90km can be leased from a reliable supplier.

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Is Starting a Biodiesel Business Viable and Sustainable Now?

                                                                   

“Biodiesel” is very different from the normal diesel many of us know. The diesel we’ve used to is produced by “refining petroleum” (also known as crude oil). Crude oil can only be found deep beneath the earth’s surface, from where it is recovered and and refined into several products including – petrol (gasoline) kerosene, and diesel.

Biodiesel is not in any way related to or made from crude oil. Biodiesel is a renewable and clean burning type of diesel that is made from vegetable oils. It can be made from most types of vegetable oils including soy bean oil, canola oil, palm oil and most other popular oils.

The main reasons why the popularity of biodiesel is growing across the world include:

Reduced Waste

Individuals and businesses are looking  for more ways to reduce waste. This is why reuse and recycling have become a big deal nowadays. Millions of liters cooking oil are daily flushed down the sink or sucked into the drain. These can be recycled into a highly valued product that can power trucks and generators.

 Cleaner and Eco – friendly fuels

Biodiesel is biodegradable and non-toxic ( has a low sulphur content and doesn’t contain carcinogens), making it more sensitive and relatively harmless to the environment. As the pressure to further combat climate change increases around the world, it is expected that the volume of biodiesel that is blended with normal diesel will increase. Sometime in the near future cars and trucks could run on 100 % biodiesel.

Dependence on crude oil products

To avoid any future surprises from the unpredictability of global oil prices, more countries around the world are looking at locally accessible energy sources to up their supplies and to protect them from oil price shocks. Biodiesel is an interesting option for anyone who’s looking to diversify or compliment their energy supply sources. Both virgin and used vegetable oils are abundantly produced in South Africa, and this makes it possible for biodiesel to be produced anywhere in the world.

WANT TO KNOW MORE OR NEED HELP WITH A PROFESSIONAL & BANKABLE BUSINESS OR FARMING / AGRIC PLAN CONTACT US NOW: (27) 84 583 3143 OR SEND US A EMAIL TO: money@global.co.za

                  

 

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How to Start a Solar Panel Mtce Business now?

      

Regular and proper solar panel maintenance is a vital part of:

  • maintaining solar panel efficiency.

  • generating more electricity from solar and

  • preventing breakdowns or expensive repairs in the future.

While on – demand solar maintenance can be useful – especially after events that may have caused damage -solar installation longevity benefits most from regular, scheduled maintenance. Ideally, a solar panel system should get a professional inspection or preventative maintenance on a regular basis, especially in areas that see significant seasonal weather.

Maintenance

Regular maintenance of any solar panel system should ensure:

  • solar panels are clean, secure and free of defects.

  • no parts have deteriorated/ corroded.

  • vents are free of debris.

  • switches do not have any defects.

  • wiring has not been damaged/ has not deteriorated.

  • electrical checks to ensure all components are operating as intended.

  • confirming fittings and cables are securely attached.

  • reviewing the inverter display panel for recorded faults.

  • checking that access to the isolator switches has not been impeded, and/or

  • making sure the emergency procedures for shutdown and isolation are clearly displayed.

The Solar Panel Maintenance industry has galloped ahead in recent years as a result of the rapid technological developments in our world and favorable government policies. In the coming years, demand for solar panel installations and maintenance services is projected to continue growing.

As an aspiring entrepreneur who is ready and committed to build a business that will survive in the future, you should build your business along the line of new technology. One of such businesses that can be categorized under new technology is the solar panel installation and maintenance business.

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Why should I Start a Equipment Mtce Business Now?

     

The technical meaning of maintenance involves:

* functional checks.

* servicing.

* repairing or replacing necessary devices, equipment & machinery.

* building infrastructure, and supporting utilities in industrial, business, and residential installations.

Maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) include the following:

1. Preventive Maintenance, also known as PM.

2. Planned Maintenance, where equipment is repaired or replaced after wear, malfunction or break down.

3. Predictive Maintenance, which uses sensor data to monitor a system, then continuously evaluates it against historical trends to predict failure before it occurs.

PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE (PM)

This is a routine for periodically inspecting, with the goal of noticing small problems and fixing them before major ones develop. The main goal is for the equipment to make it from one planned service to the next without any failures caused by fatigue, neglect or normal wear.

Main Objectives:

# Enhance Capital Equipment productive life.

# Reduce critical equipment breakdown.

# Minimize production loss due to equipment failures.

PLANNED MAINTENANCE

Planned maintenance or scheduled maintenance, is any variety of scheduled maintenance to an object or item of equipment. Specifically, planned maintenance is a scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.

PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE

Predictive Maintenance techniques are designed to help determine the condition of in – service equipment in order to estimate when maintenance should be performed. This approach provides cost savings over routine or time – based preventive maintenance, because tasks are performed only when warranted.

When companies does not take care of their assets, machines, and equipment efficiently they may end up in a loss situation. This can be avoided if equipment maintenance is done. It also create huge opportunities for entrepreneurs that want to start their own successful and sustainable businesses and to cater for this market.

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How to Start my own Container Business Successful now?

 

 

             

Containers are used to establish a variety of business ideas worldwide. Containers are mobile and versatile and offer a wide range of possibilities for innovative entrepreneurs. These include – but not limited to:-

RETAIL

Containers can provide enough space for a variety of retail options. Retail shops that are doing well in a container – sized space are clothing, antiques, gifts, and used book shops to name a few. Multiple containers can also be placed or linked together to make a “shopping mall” for a variety of retail shops. They also ideal in the rural communities where people are far from their nearest shopping centre.

RESTAURANTS

Containers are easily converted. Doors, windows, counters and desks can affordably and effortlessly be added to make the container more user friendly. Considering this, running a small, or large, restaurant from a container is a unique, Eco – friendly and quirky  option for someone who doesn’t want to over-capitalize on building or rental costs.

RENTALS

Investing in containers to rent out can be a lucrative business option. Containers make ideal tiny homes and can be kitted out either as a permanent rental or for holiday lets.

FARMING

Containers can be an excellent asset to farming entrepreneurs by earning farmers extra revenue. Hydroponic vegetable growing systems have been successfully installed in containers. These organic growing systems in a 40ft container can produce up to an acre’s worth of crop yields. Being compact and movable, containers can also be placed close to crops and plantations where they can serve as a farmer’s marketplace for freshly produce.

EVENTS

Mobile performance venues have become very popular in South Africa. A single container, which can be converted to have drop-down sides, makes an ideal stage for music and other type of performances. Not only is it easy and affordable to set up, but it also makes a perfect mobile unit.

                                

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How to Start a Sustainable Shallot Farming now?

                 

Shallots (Eschalots) are members of the alium family, closely related to onions, garlic and chives. Shallot bulbs grow in clusters, similar to cloves of garlic. The biggest distinction between shallots and other onions, besides their milder flavor, is their cellular structure. Shallots break down much more easily when cooked, allowing for a softer level of caramelization, or a more subtle touch when creating a foundation in sources etc.

Shallots are packed with micro-nutrients such as magnesium, potassium, zinc, and B vitamins. It increase your intake of micro – nutrients, protein and fiber. Shallot differs from the everyday onion in some fundamental ways:

Firstly – Shallots grows like garlic, in clusters rather than single bulbs.

Secondly – Shallots has a softer flavor, bringing all the essence of an onion without the punch.

Thirdly – Shallots is smaller and a little more oval – shaped.

Soil

Fertile, well – drained soil with compost dug in. In clay soil, use raised beds or rows.

Spacing

Single Plants – 15cm each way (minimum).

Rows – 10cm with 15cm row gap (minimum).

Planting

Easiest to sow as sets (tiny bulbs) which are planted direct into the soil from early winter onward. Can also be grown from seed in which case start in pots under cover in late winter before planting out mid spring.

Harvesting

It usually takes 2 months for the shallots to be ready for harvest. One signal that the bulb had reached its maturity is when the top part of the plant withers. Harvested shallots should be stored in cool places and it is advised that you put them inside a mesh or any other breathable storage,

Shallot farming is a profitable business due to the fact that it is not hard to plant and to maintain and is also in demand in the market. Shallots do not require a specific kind of climate to grow and can even grow healthy in a garden directly exposed to sunlight or shaded.

            

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How to start profitable pea farming now?

      

Scientific Name – Pisum sativum L

Common Names – Matar (Hindi, Nepali) Pea, split pea, garden pea, seed pea, shelling pea. combining pea, field pea, dry pea, vining pea.

Family Name – Fabaceae

Commercially peas are grown almost in all parts of the cooler areas of South Africa, particularly in KZN, Brits and Rustenburg in North West, and in the Mpumalanga Lowveld. The pea is a green, pod-shaped vegetable, widely grown as a cool – season vegetable crop. There are generally three types of peas that are commonly eaten:

  1. Garden or Green Peas (Pisum sativum).

  2. Snow Peas (Pisum sativum var, macrocarpon).

  3. Snap Peas (Pisum sativum var, macrocarpon ser. cv).

Soil Requirements

Peas can be grown on all types of soil but it prefers well- drained sandy loam soils.The soils should be rich in organic matter as it enhances better growth by supplying nutrients at a slower rate. It does not thrive in highly acidic or alkaline soils or saline type of soils. It grows best at a pH of 6.5. If the pH is less than 6.0, then then it should be amended to improve the soil conditions.

Soil Preparation

The field should be well prepared by 2 or 3 ploughings. The soil should not be much pulverized and fine. However, it must be free from weeds and stuble of the kharif crop grown earlier. Well- decomposed farmyard manure at 25 to 30 t/ha along with 100kg dolomite per hectare should be applied during final ploughing.

Planting

Peas are normally sown directly where they are to grow to maturity, but they can also be sown early in pots, in a greenhouse, to bring on plants for planting out. Otherwise sow early March, second sowing in April, third sowing in May and late sowing using early varieties in June or even into early July.

Spacing

Garden pea is sown rather densely, with plant densities up to 80 plants per square metre. The seed should be sown 4 to 7cm deep. Approximately 60 to 200 kg/ha of seed is required. Plant peas 3 to 5cm deep and 2cm apart in single or double rows. Allow 46 to 60cm between single or pairs of rows. Allow 20 to 25cm between double rows in pairs.

Harvesting

Harvesting period: 58 to 74 days, depending on the variety and growing conditions (soil, temperature, and moisture).

     

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How to start Fennel Farming successful now?

                            

Fennel is an evergreen perennial which is usually grown as an annual in South Africa. However, in frost free regions fennel can be treated as a short lived perennial. In the cooler regions of South Africa, fennel seed can be sown from spring to autumn.

Because hot temperatures and humidity tend to induce bolting, in the rest of the country fennel is an excellent intermediate to cool season crop, sown in late summer or early spring before the weather gets too hot.

The fennel plants need to grow fast in order to produce the best quality bulbs and leaves so the beds need to be well prepared with lots of added compost or manure and a dressing of organic 2.3.2. Funnel crops sown in autumn may take up to 20 weeks to mature.

Planting

* Plant fennel seeds 1 to 3cm deep.

* Fennel plants can reach up to 1-5m and need some room to spread.

* Space fennel plants at least 50cm apart, with about 60cm between the rows.

* Protect fennel plants from extreme heat and wind.

* Water well until well established.

Fennel Health Benefits

* Fennel is good for digestion.

* Fennel is useful in the treatment of anemia.

* Fennel is extensively used for treating constipation, diarrhea, renal colic, respiration and menstrual disorders.

* Fennel helps in increasing iron absorption.

* Fennel is good for bone health.

* Fennel helps lowering blood pressure.

* Fennel may reduce getting cancer.

* Fennel boost immune power.

* Fennel helps in weight management.

* Fennel is good for skin health.

Type of Funnel

When it comes to selection a certain type of funnel, you can choose from the herb or bulb variety – both share a sweet aniseed flavor. Common fennel is widely available as a herb, but bronze fennel is well worth adding to your farming operation.

                              

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How Successful and Sustainable is Parsley Farming Now?

                                                                         

Parsley is a biennial plant with bright green, feather- like leaves and is the same family as dill. This popular herb is used in sauces, salads, and especially soups, as it lessens the need for salt. Not only is parsley the perfect garnish, it’s also good for you: It’s rich in iron and vitamins A and C.

Soil

Parsley enjoys well – draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Pick a spot that gets full sun (6 to 8 hours of sunlight). Try to choose an area that is weed – free; that way you will be able to see the parsley sprouting after about 3 weeks.

Planting

Sow parsley seeds 1/4 inch deep. Sow seeds about 6 to 8 inches apart. For larger plants, sow about 8 to 10 inches apart. Be sure to keep soil moist while seeds germinate. It can take 2 to 4 weeks for seedlings to appear.

Pests / Diseases

* Stem rot.

* Leaf spots.

* Carrot fly and celery fly larvae.

Harvesting

When the leaf stems have three segments, parsley is ready to be harvested. Cut leaves from the outer portions of the plant whenever you need them. Leave the inner portions of the plant to mature. If you want fresh parsley throughout the winter, replant the parsley plant in a pot and keep it in a sunny window.

Storage

One method of storing the parsley fresh is to put the leaf stalks in water and keep them in the refrigerator. Another method of storage is drying the parsley. Cut the parsley at the base and hang it in a well- ventilated shady and warm place. Once it is completely dry, crumble it up and store it in an container.

 

                               

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HOW SUCCESSFUL IS BEETROOT FARMING NOW?

                                                                                  

Beetroot is generally a widely adaptable crop that can be grown under most conditions throughout South Africa. Beetroot can be planted all year round but as a rule of thumb, areas where there could be frost conditions or excessive heat around planting time these should be avoided.

Soil Preparation

As seed is sown directly, fields need to be prepared correctly and thoroughly. The soil need to be well tilled, free of old plant material and have a good crumb structure. Good soil preparation can be achieved by ploughing, harrowing, and leveling prior to sowing. The ideal pH for beetroot production is between 6.0 and 8.0. Beetroot prefer deep, friable, well drained sandy loam’s to silt loam’s.

Crop Rotation

Good crop rotation will keep the soil healthy and fertile. Beetroot can safely be rotated with the following crops:

  • Legumes.

  • Babala.

  • Cereals.

  • Tomatoes.

  • Cabbage.

  • Onions and carrots.

Transplanting

More than 90% of beetroot producers sow the seed directly in the soil, but seed can also be sown in seedbeds, and then transplanted. Seed trays or other containers can also be used to raise seedlings but this is expensive because of the high cost.

Harvesting

Soil should be slightly moist before cutting or pulling beets. If the soil is too dry, roots maybe difficult to clean and the rate of top breakage maybe too high. For the best flavor and tenderness harvesting should begin when roots are 3-4cm in diameter. Handle beets carefully after harvesting to avoid damaging the roots. Any damage reduces shelf life and increases the chances of decay and disease.

                                             

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WHY SHOULD I START A SPRING ONION FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                                

Spring onions add interest to many dishes. The white bulbs have a delicate onion flavor while the long hollow leaves can be thinly sliced to add texture and color. Spring Onion seeds are sowed from March to August at 3 weekly intervals. Harvesting can start 8 weeks after sowing.

Spring Onions are very easy to grow for commercial purposes and consumers like them because they can be used in a variety of recipes. Spring onions are sometimes called: scallions, bunching onions, long green onions, Japanese bunching onions or salad onions. They are a good source of vitamins A, B and C and come in white and red color stemmed varieties.

Soil Requirements

The best soil for the Spring Onion crop is slightly acid, with a pH between 5.3 and 5.8 – using calcium chloride to measure the levels. Spring Onion crop is produced throughout the year.

Spacing

Single plants – 10cm each way (minimum).

Rows – 10cm with 10cm row gap (minimum).

To sow Spring Onion seed outdoors, sow seeds thinly into shallow drills about 1,5cm deep with rows spaced 30cm apart. Water and keep the seeds environment moist. Once the Spring Onion seeds have germinated and developed into a substantial young plant, cover them with cloches.

Watering

Spring Onions like moderate moisture and water the onions when the soil is starting to dry around the onions. Be careful not to over-water the plant as you will get larger onions with a very weak flavor. Spring Onion plants need to be well watered throughout their growth.This is because of their short root length.

Harvesting

Generally, harvest Spring Onions after 8 weeks. Spring Onions are ready to eat once they reach about 6 inches in height with a thickness of about 1/2 inch. Usually, this takes approximately 8 weeks, but some may take a few weeks longer.

                                          

TO START AND RUN A SUSTAINABLE AND SUCCESSFUL FARMING OPERATION YOU NEED A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL – STRUCTURED BUSINESS PLAN – NEED HELP? CALL U NOW AT (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT – money@global.co.za

 

 

 

 

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How to prepare Business & Farming Proposals Now?

                   

What is a R.F.P.? – Request for Proposal.

Generally speaking, businesses that send a RFP know the “what” of their problem and need, but not necessarily the “how” it will be solved. The main concern of a business/farming proposal is finding the best solution. However,, a RFP is not to be confused with an invitation for bid – IFB. An IFB is sent when a business already knows what their need is and how they want to fulfill the need.

What is a business/farming proposal?

A proposal is a written document sent by a business to persuade a potential client to choose that specific business. They can be solicated or unsolicated, as long as they pertain to the prospect’s business and needs. When a proposal is requested through an RFP, however, your prospect is actively looking for the kind of solution your business provides.

What is the difference between a business proposal and a business plan?

Business Proposal – This is a document meant to persuade a person or business requesting a solution to their need or problem.

Business PlanThis is a document of your vision for your business and how you intend to achieve that vision. Business Plans include financial projections for the cost of your business development and operations. Also, an estimation of the revenue you expect your business to generate. Business or Farming/Agric Plans are not used to win over a prospect for their business, but business proposals may sometimes be used in a business or farming plan.

Your business or farming proposal is your opportunity to convince your buyer that they should choose your business rather than doing it themselves or using a different vendor or resource.  When creating your proposal, approach it conversationally, as if you sitting across the table in front of the reader.

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WHY START A CARMINGO APRICOT FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                                                                         

Apricots in supermarkets have always been seen as a niche product and the new Carmingo range, offer a season extension. The product is a winner for consumers because of its good size, high natural sweetness and good shelf life.

Production Areas

Apricots thrive in areas with cold, dry winters and dry, hot summers. While they are produced throughout South Africa, the bulk of production takes place in the Western Cape under winter rainfall conditions.

Apricot Season

Depending on climatic conditions, the production area and cultivar, the apricot season in South Africa takes place from November to March, with small volumes trickling in around April.

Apricot Uses

Apricots are high in fibre, vitamins, especially vitamins A and C, and minerals. The fruit and skin are edible, but the stone is discarded. Apricots can be enjoyed fresh or canned, pureed, dried, preserved or juiced. They are also used to make chutneys and are included in cooking.

Production

Trees require a minimum of 4000 m3 water/ha per year. Production costs and labor are relatively similar to that of the older apricot cultivars but the establishment costs are significantly higher. This is working out at about R80/tree, as the plant material is subject to royalties.

Trees are usually planted at a density of 1000/ha spaced at 2,5m in the row and 4m between the rows, as these trees have a more upright growth. The fruit may be exported only by licensed exporters, which in South Africa are Icon Fruit, Delecta, Cape 5 and Stems.

To enable you to start successfully or to expand your farming operation you will need a Professional and well – structured Agric/Farming type of Business Plan.

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How to start a Manufacturing Business now?

                                 

“Manufacturing” refers to a large – scale production of goods. The goods converts raw materials, parts, and components into finished merchandise using manual labor and/or machines. The finished goods can be sold directly to consumers, manufacturers or wholesalers.

A manufacturing business is any business that uses raw materials, parts and components to assemble finished goods, Manufacturing businesses often employ machines, robots, computers and humans to produce the merchandise. It typically use an assembly line, which enables a product to be put together step by step.

Manufacturing Types:

There are 3 main types of manufacturing production:

  1. Make – to – Stock (MTS).

  2. Make – to – Order (MTO).

  3. Make – to – Assemble (MTA).

Make – to – Stock – (MTS) is a traditional manufacturing strategy that relies on past sales data. The data is used to forecast consumer demand and plan the production activity in advance. The drawback of this strategy is that it uses past data to predict future demand. This increases the likelihood of the forecast being off, leaving the manufacturer with too much or not enough stock.

Make – to – order – (MTO) – This allows customers to order products that are customized and manufactured to their specifications. The manufacturing process begins only after the order is received. So, the waiting time for the customer is longer, but the risk of excessive inventory is cut out.

Make – to – Assemble – (MTA) – This is a strategy that relies on demand forecasts to stock the basic components of a product. Assembling starts after the order is received. It’s a hybrid of MTS and MTO approaches. Customers can customize the products and receive them quicker because the manufacturer has the basic components ready. However, if orders don’t come in, the manufacturer is stuck with a stock of unwanted parts.

To reduce risks, any type of manufacturing business should focus on keeping production costs low. Also, maintaining good quality control and investing in excellent sales management.

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Why Should I Start with Brinjals Farming Now?

                                                                                    

“Brinjals”or Eggplant” is a species of nightshade, and therefore related to the potato and tomatoes. Brinjal is a warm – season crop grown for its edible fruit. Good – quality brinjals can be grown in open lands across various parts of the country year – round.

Soil

Brinjals favor a well – drained loam to sandy loam soil. However, it will grow reasonably well in a wide range of different soil types. Certain criteria in terms of the soil structure and content must be met to make the crop commercially viable. These include nutrient composition, compaction, effective soil depth, pH, crop rotation, herbicide residue and the water- holding capacity of the soil.

Varieties

Different varieties produce fruit of different sizes shapes and colors. This varying from white to yellow or green, reddish purple and dark purple. The currently favored cultivars produce a fruit that is egg-shaped, 12cm to 25 cm long and 6cm to 9cm in diameter, and has a dark purple skin.

Harvesting

Pick Brinjals/eggplant when the skin takes on a high gloss. To test, press the skin. If the indentation doesn’t spring back, that fruit is ready for harvest. To harvest clip the eggplant of the plant with pruning shears, keeping the cap and about 1 inch of the stem intact.

Eggplants” will keep up to two weeks of refrigerated. If you cut open an eggplant fruit and find that the seeds inside have turned brown, the fruit is past prime quality and the flavor may be bitter. The best way to avoid this is by picking fruits on the young side. This is when they are a third or two- thirds of their fully mature size.

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HOW TO START A PROFITABLE BROCCOLI FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                                   

“Broccoli” has become a far more important crop of late due to its reported health benefits. Broccoli is also much easier to grow than before. The best months for growing broccoli in South Africa is February, March and April.

“Broccoli” is worth growing for its nutritional content alone. The crop is rich in vitamins and minerals. It is a good source of Vitamin A, Potassium, Folid Acid, Iron and Fiber.

Planting Site

* Broccoli requires a site with exposure to full sun – (6-8 hours per day).

* Plant in a bed of moist, fertile soil that drains well.

* Soil pH should be slightly acidic, between 6.0 and 7.0

Planting

* Outdoors – sow seeds 1/2 inch deep and 3 inches apart.

* Indoors – plant transplants that are 4-6 weeks old, outdoors 12 – 20 inches apart. Plant in holes slightly deeper than their container depth.

* Space rows of broccoli should be 3 feet apart.

* Water well at the time of planting.

Harvesting

Broccoli grown from seed will come to harvest in 100 – 150 days. Grown from transplants broccoli will come to harvest in 55 to 80 days. Cut buds when they are still green and tight. Cut the central head with 5 to 6 inches of stem. Leave the base of the plant and some outer leaves to encourage new heads on secondary shoots.

In general, broccoli plants can be harvested two or three times and for a period up to 3 months. Broccoli should be harvested when the heads are small, tight and firm. If flower buds appear, it should be cut immediately.

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HOW TO START A CACTUS / PRICKLY PEAR FARMING NOW?

Cactus or prickly pear farming is enjoying renewed interest in South Africa. This is because of the drought and climate change as well as the commercial potential of a crop with abundant uses.

Prickly pear is a surprising simple cactus. Its easy and undemanding to grow. It is also hardy enough to survive in most climates, and boasts a cheery, delicate flower. Prickly pears are a cactus, so they need well- draining soil first and foremost. Plant them in full sun in a sandy or gravely mix and go easy on the water.

Soil

In order for the prickly pear to thrive, it needs to be planted in well-draining soil. Your best bet is a mixture that is dry, sandy, or gravelly. It can also do well in a mixture that is primarily clay, as long as it drains very well and soil does not retain much moisture. Prickly pear isn’t especially high – maintenance and can thrive in a neutral- to -acidic mixture with a pH level of 6.0 – 7.5

Water

Prickly pear cactus is extremely drought tolerant so water it less than you think it needs. In most areas, your typical rainfall will be likely be enough for the cactus to thrive. If not, you can plan to water the plant every two to four weeks.

Fertilizer

When planted outdoors in garden soil, no fertilizer is needed. However, occasional feeding may be required indoors. Use well-balanced fertilizer and let the plant tell you when it needs food. This will be when its green color starts to pale or it doesn’t flower, it should be fed.

Plant Usage

Farmers use the cactus pear to make fodder and silage. Consumers eat the fruit, bio gas made from the plan can produce electricity. Furthermore, the fruit can be used to make oil, juice, jam, jelly, and chutney and the cladodes  can be turned into salads. The ruit is also used to make beer, wine, mampoer or liqueurs.

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How to start a Golden Kiwi Farming Operation Now?

        

Kiwifruits also known as simply “kiwis” are a popular type of edible berry that grows on wines in temperature regions. If you want to grow a kiwi plant for its fruit, purchace a grafted plant from a nursery.

The three types of kiwi fruit are:

1. Common Kiwi – This is the type of kiwifruit typically found in grocery stores. It is a brown/fuzzy fruit with a thick skin and green pulp.

2. Golden Kiwi – Another popular type of kiwi. The golden kiwi is sweeter but more delicate compared to the common kiwi. It is closely related to common kiwifruit but less fuzzy and more yellow.

3. Kiwi Berry – This name usually refers to two different kiwi species, the hardy kiwi and the super-hardy kiwi. These kiwifruits are much smaller compared to common and golden kiwis and have a thinner smooth skin.

Development in the South Africa’s kiwifruit industry has been picking up pace over recent years. There are now 500 ha planted, including 200 ha of yellow varieties. South African growers produce good quality yellow kiwi. They produce it at a time when they can go into a market in Europe ahead of any other Southern Hemisphere players.

Input Costs – Hail netting for a 10 ha orchard will cost about R250 000/ha. To buy and plant young vines and maintaining through their first 3 years of growth can cost R250 000 – R300 000/ha.

The trees enter production in their fourth year. It will cost approximately R60 000/ha/year to manage a mature gold kiwifruit orchard from then on wards.

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HOW TO START PRECISION FARMING / AGRICULTURE NOW?

 

       

Precision Farming seeks to use new technologies to increase crop yields and profitability while lowering the levels of traditional inputs. These inputs are needed to grow crops – land, water, fertilizer, herbicides and insecticides. In other words, farmers utilizing precision agriculture are using less to grow more. Precision agriculture is the latest trend in agricultural sectors around the world, because it saves time and reduces cost.

DO YOU NEED TO SWITCH TO PRECISION FARMING???

Yes. It is already profitable and will be inevitable in the future. American farmers already save between $11 000 and $39 000 a year on average. The sooner farmers begin to implement precision farming, the more competitive they will be in the future.

Precision Farming Benefits:

  • Simplified Farming Processes.
  • More cost – efficient farming.
  • More time on hands.
  • Higher yields and more profitable.
  • Better quality produce.
  • Less waste.
  • Higher quality of life.

       

Many farmers are adopting new equipment to make their farming more precise. Tractors can map fields, drives themselves, and check it’s own motion so it doesn’t waste fertilizer, seed or fuel. Farnming technology includes remote sensing with data collection on variables like nutrient levels and soil moisture.

Precision farming is about managing variations in the field accurately to grow more food using fewer resources and reducing production costs. The main goal of “precision farming” is to improve agricultural yield and reduce potential environmental risks.

Future of Precision Farming

Some of the most recently technologies available and under development are the state – of – the – art robots. They are capable of managing crops more and more accurately with the possibility of collecting important data.

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HOW TO START A SUCCESSFUL FREE RANGE CHICKEN FARM NOW?

                                                                                       

Free Range Chicken Farming is a method of chicken farming where the chickens are allowed to roam freely outdoors. This is done for a good part of the day rather than being confined in an enclosure for 24 hours.

In most free range chicken farms, the outdoor ranging area is fenced and therefore making the area an enclosure. Chicken meat is generally consumed in all parts of the world and is very healthy. There are many free range farms that raise chickens and making huge profits from their farming operation.

When you running your own free range chicken farming operation, it is better to produce your own chicken feed. One of the most economical  ways of feeding is to grow your own meal-worms as feeding for them. Meal – worms is the most ideal meal to feed free range chickens. It is also less stressful and inexpensive when you do it yourself.

Breed Selection

Free range chicken farmers work with various breeds like:

Meat Production – Cobb, Ross, Arbor Acres, Hubbard.

Egg Production – Lohmann, Browns, Lohman Silver, Hy-Line Silver, Hy-Line Brown, Amber – Link and Lohmann Hybrids.

Other poultry hybrids include the following chicken breeds:

  • Potch Koekoek.
  • Borschvelders.
  • Black Australorps.

With the market for “free range eggs” continuing to grow, more new players are getting into the sector.They raise chickens in a semi – intensive , free range or fully organic system. Many of the new entrants are tempted by the relatively low start up costs. Also, the potentially good margins as free range and organic products tend to fetch a higher price.

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How to be Successful in Spinach Farming?

                                                                                        

Spinach is not only full of flavour, but full of goodness too. Spinach is high in iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin c and low in categories. What most of us eat as spinach is usually “Swiss Chard” because it is:

  • Much more available.
  • Easier to grow.
  • Heat tolerant and
  • More productive.

Spinach and Swiss Chard are among the easiest vegetables to grow. They germinate easily, don’t take up much space and are easy to harvest. However, they are gross feeders and need regular feeding to be a great success.

Soil Requirements

Spinach seeds germinate at 2°C to 30°C. However, 7°C to 24°C is optimum. Seeds will not germinate well in warm weather. Although spinach will grow in temperatures ranging from 5° to 24°C, growth is more rapid at 15° to 18°C.

The plant requires a constant and uniform supply of water in order to obtain a good crop of high quality. During spinach production, the soil should never be allowed to dry out. Spinach requires plenty of water, although the soil should have good drainage.

Spinach grows well on a variety of soils, although fertile, sandy loams with a high organic matter content is preferred. Spinach is particularly sensitive to saturated soil conditions and to acidity. The optimum soil pH is 6.2 to 6.9.

Planting

Before planting, prepare and enrich the soil with generous amounts of organics as well as bone meal for root development.

  • Spinach and Swiss Chard can be sown in situ. Swiss Chard can also be sown in seed trays as it transplants better than spinach.
  • Keep the soil moist during germination – which takes about 5 days.
  • Seedlings should be spaced, or thinned out, to about 20cm apart.
  • Feed with a liquid fertilizer about 2 weeks after germination and at least once a month after that..

Plants should be spaced 10 – 20 cm apart in rows that are 30cm apart. This equates to about 160 000+ plants per hectare. Commercial growers that harvest mechanically plant closer together at 15cm by 25cm giving the grower 250 000+ plants per hectare.

Growth Period

Harvesting of the first outer leaves can begin at 60 to 70 days from planting. To ensure longer production periods and higher yields spinach needs Nitrogen in the soil throughout its growing period.

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How Can I Start a Sustainable Battery Recycling Business Now?

                

It is evident that batteries comprised of various hazardous ingredients. This could be incredibly damaging to the environment when dumped. If we do not recycle them, the hazardous materials are sure to wind up in rivers, soil, and air. .

Batteries are expensive and have a relatively short life span. As discarded batteries grow by the tonnage, entrepreneurs are enticed to start a business in recycling. The primary objective of building a good battery is long life, safety and low price.. Recycling is an afterthought and manufacturers do little to simplify the retrieving of precious metals. The recycling business is small compared to the vast battery industry, and only lead acid can be recycled profitably.

Lead – acid batteries are an environmental success story with more than 90% of all scrap batteries successfully recycled in South Africa. This is compared with 70% of beverage cans, 65% of news papers, 30% of plastic, and 26% of glass.

Every day thousand of batteries are produced to service everything from industrial machines, automobiles and even golf carts. Anything that needs mobile electricity needs a powerful battery. The problem is that defunct batteries pose an environmental conundrum. If not dealt with correctly the hazardous materials end up being cast away and negatively impact the environment.

Common materials for recycling includes bottles, paper, towels, aluminum cans etc. Niches available in the recycling industry are:

  • Metals recycling.
  • Plastic recycling.
  • Electronic recycling.
  • Water recycling.
  • Oil recycling.
  • Glass recycling.
  • Furniture recycling.
  • Garbage recycling.
  • Tyre recycling.
  • Construction waste recycling.
  • Paper recycling.
  • Battery Recycling.
  • Cartridge recycling and
  • Industrial waste recycling.

According to experts, all sorts of used scrap metal maybe profitable. The waste and recycling sector is a broad one though, and there are lots of areas that remain unexploited.

            

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How to Start a Matches Manufacturing business successful now?

                   

Matches (Matchsticks) are a very handy tool used in starting a fire. They are used in the kitchen to light ovens, kerosene stoves and cookers. Other application involves starting a fireplace, industrial burners, camp fires or to light candles. Matchsticks are made from plastic material, wood or cardboard strips.

Matches are sold in quantity. There’s the wooden type, which are packaged in boxes. There are also paper matches, which are clustered in rows stapled into matchbooks.

Because matches are used in almost every home and every industrial establishment, the demand for matches is always high.  This means there is huge profit potential in the matchstick production business.

Billions of matchboxes are used all over the world in a day for different purposes. These include: to light cooking gas, fireplace, incense sticks or cigarettes etc. This creates a huge demand for a matchstick manufacturing business. The production of wooden matchsticks is a great option to select. Any individual can initiate a matchstick manufacturing business on a small scale with maintaining strictly safety measures. Matchsticks are a consumer durable product and the demand is growing day-by-day.

Manufacturing  Process

The manufacturing process consists of several stages:

  1. Preparing of wood – Wood is cut , into small matches, soaked in fire retardant ammonium phosphate and left to dry. Striking end of the stick is then soaked in hot paraffin wax. This will provide small amount of fuel to the wood, enabling it to burn more easily.
  2. After matches are transferred to the conveyor belt that is filled with holes in which sticks are inserted. Then they are carried to the tanks that contain two mix of chemicals. One to serve as a base, and one as a finalized layer of match head. Conveyors then move matches away from the tanks, allowing them to get dry.
  3. Packaging and storing.

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How can I start a Wheat Farming Operation successfully now?

 
           

Wheat is an annual grass with basic, erect, hollow or pithy culms. The wheat plant can grow up to 1,2m tall. The wheat leaves are flat and narrow while they can extend up to 38cm long. The spikes are long, slender, dorsally compressed and somewhat flattened.

Temperature

Warm temperatures are suitable for summer wheat (22° to 34°C) and cool temperatures are suitable for winter wheat (5° to 25°C). An ideal climate for planting wheat can be described as cool and moist, followed by a warm dry season for harvesting.

Soil Requirements

Well – drained fertile loamy to sandy loam with pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Soil temperatures of less than 5°C are not suitable for seed germination. Wheat is adversely affected by acidic soil.

Soil Preparation

Soil tillage is one of the important production practices over which the farmer has full control. The effect of tillage cannot be predicted for any season. Therefore, the farmer has to plan his actions to solve specific problems. Unnecessary cultivation’s cost money, time and effort, while valuable soil water is lost in the process. Such cultivation also cause re compaction that has to be addressed later. Minimum tillage (75 to 130mm deep) deep tillage (150 to 300 mm) or no till can be practiced. This will also depend on the soil type, moisture availability, type of cultivar and the previous crop planted.

Planting

Wheat is planted mainly between Mid – April and Mid June in the in the winter rainfall areas (Western & Southern Cape). Also between Mid – May and the end of July in the summer rainfall areas (Eastern Free State). The seed should be planted evenly and shallowly in a moist, firm seedbed. Germination, emergence and development of adventitious roots occur within 4 to 6 weeks after planting under proper soil conditions. The required spacing in the row is about 30cm and 50 to 100cm between the rows, depending on the available soil moisture or the farming method.

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I want to start a Cosmetic Business successfully now

        

When starting your cosmetic / beauty products business, you need to have a “niche” and that niche cannot be organic or natural. There are many untapped niches in the beauty industry for instance:

  • Skincare for the elderly.
  • Skincare for certain types of athletes (swimmers, runners etc).
  • Skincare for teenage boys/girls.

You need to find the niche that works for you and then target that niche with your unique brand.

The cosmetics / beauty industry is in  a state of flux. Traditional brands ( Revlon, L’Oreal, Lancóme, etc) are viewed as old. The consumer is looking for more holistic and healing benefits from their skin care products. They are no longer content with just the appearance benefits offered by traditional brands. Today’s consumer is more informed and more inquisitive about the benefits of their personal care products. Their skin products needs to protect them from the sun damaging rays. Also moisturize their skin and reduce the effects of aging.

Manufacturing

You need to decide whether you will be producing your beauty/cosmetic products yourself in your own lab or home lab, using a contract manufacturer or opting for private label products.

The cosmetics industry is one of the growing industries in the country with a number of industries. Unisex beauty cosmetics with many branches, and other small businesses have joined the industry. Despite the increase in cosmetic industries, customer demands are not fully met due to the increasingly growing population. Poor delivery of cosmetics to customers also add to the problem.

Cosmetic and beauty products include but not limited to: perfumes, make up items, hair care products, face creams, lotions, deodorants nail polishes etc. The cosmetic industry is one of those businesses which are not affected by economic downfalls or unpredictable incomes as every woman and some men use some type of cosmetic product to maintain a healthy and fresh look.

    

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HOW PROFITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE IS TOURISM NOW?

         

Tourism refers to all activities related to the short -term movement of people to locations away from where they reside. Tourism is one of the largest industries and the economies of many nations are driven, to a large extent, by their tourist trade.

Tourism remains a key driver of South Africa’s national economy and contributes to job creation. The Tourism industry is a major contributor to the South African economy and employment of citizens. The Tourism sector contributes about 9% to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

The Tourism sector can also contribute positively to youth employment targets and, importantly, also to transformation. This is because it has shown to absorb higher numbers of women than other sectors. Research by WTTC (World Travel & Tourism Council) reveals that female share of employment in this industry in South Africa is 53,7%. This is higher than the proportion of total female employment in the economy (43,7%). A trend echoed in 10 other G20 countries.

Tourism Industry Sectors:

Transportation – Airline, Car Rental, Water Transport, Coach Services (travel) Railway.

Accommodation – Hotels, Shared Accommodation, Hostels, Camping, Bed & Breakfast, Cruises, Time Share.

Food & Beverage –  Restaurants, Catering, Bars & Cafés, Nightclubs.

Entertainment – Casino, Tourist Information, Tourist Guides & Tours.

Connected Industries – Financial Services, Travel Agents, Tour Operators, Online Travel Agencies, Tourism Organizations, Educational.

Tourism Equity Fund

The Travel & Tourist department announced the creation of an equity fund. The equity fund aims to support all small – scale stakeholders in the tourism industry. The travel *& tourism sector continues to reel as a result of the global Covid – 19 pandemic.

The Tourism Equity Fund (TEF) will provide financial assistance to majority black – owned enterprises. The R1,2 billion fund, financed by Government and SA major banks, is now accessible to disadvantaged travel & tourism operators.

       

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Can I be successful with a Watermelon Farming Operation now?

               

Watermelons are a member of the Cucurbitacceae family which includes squash, pumpkins, cucumbers, muskmelons, and gourds. Individual plants produce both male and female flowers and fruit sizes varies from 2 to 14kg, depending on variety. However, seedless varieties will require pollinators. Watermelon leaves are dark green, with prominent veins. They have three large lobes, each further divided into small lobes. Watermelon leaves are heart shaped with three to seven lobes per leaf and are produced on trailing vines.

Cultivars

Selecting the best watermelon variety is the most important decision made by any producer. Planting a variety watermelons that is not suited for the available market and the particular production situation leads to lower profits or possibly crop failure. In addition to market acceptability, a variety must have an acceptable yield, be adapted to the production area and have the highest level of needed pest resistance available.

The major watermelon varieties and types produced are Charleston, Gray Strains, Crimson Sweet, Jubilee, All sweet, Royal Sweet, Sangria, Triploid Seedless, and Black Diamond types.

Temperatures

Watermelons are sensitive to cold temperatures and even a mild frost can severely damage the crop. The best average temperature range for watermelon production during the growing season is between 18°C and 35°C. Temperatures above 35°C or below 10°C will slow the growth and maturation of the crop.

Soil Requirements

Watermelons row best on non-saline sandy loam or silt loam soils. Light – textured fields warm up faster in the spring and are therefore favored for early production. Very sandy soils have limited water – holding capacities and must be carefully irrigated and fertilized to allow for high yield potential. The soil should have a pH of ,8 to 6,6.

Planting

In the winter rainfall area watermelons are planted in September and October, in the Limpopo and Mpumalanga Lowveld from June to August, and in the rest of the country from August to October. The crop matures 3 months after planting, and the yield varies from five to 72 t/h.a.

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I want to start a successful Lavender Production business now?

             

Lavender is a perennial bushy shrub growing 0,3 to 1,2m high. True lavender has a compact and rounded growth form. The aromatic evergreen leaves are completely opposite and up to 5cm long. Flowering occurs in the summer and flowers form interrupted spikes and have a very sweet fragrance.

LAVENDER – TEMPERATURE

The Lavender product can tolerate moderate frost and drought. Spike lavender cannot tolerate frost. All lavenders are sensitive to high humidity. High summer temperatures adversely affect oil quality.

Because there are such variable types of lavender, some grow well in different climatic zones from cold to subtropical. Different varieties should be tested to see which will grow best in each micro-climate.

LAVENDER – SOIL

Lavender requires well-drained light, sandy, or sandy loam, or gravelly soils nin full sun. Low- fertility soils are still suitable. Soil pH should be between 5,8 and 8,3. Too moist soils will cause poor plant growth, diseases or kill the plant.English lavenders prefer alkaline soils, whereas the lavandin varieties require slightly more acidic soils.

LAVENDER – PLANTING

The Lavender product is normally planted in row widths of 1,2 to 2,0m apart, with 30 to 60cm between plants. This gives a plant density of 8000 to 28000 plant per hectare. Spacing is done according to available moisture and species, and cultivar size as well as mechanical cultivation and harvesting.

Higher densities mean higher establishment costs but also higher early yields. Plants also tend to support each other, so are more stable and last longer. A good vigorous plantation should be ready for harvest in the second year. Lavender plants can last for 10 to 15 years or longer if managed correctly. Seedlings should be hardened off before being put into the land.

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How exactly can I Start a Sustainable Basil Farming now?

       

Basil is an erect herbaceous annual plant, or sometimes grown as a short- lived perennial in some areas. It grows into a bushy shape up to about 50cm tall and some varieties may even grow taller. The stems are herbaceous in young tissue. However, these become woody as the plant matures. Basil Farming has good returns and easy to grow.

BASIL FARMING – PROPAGATION

Propagation is from seed but cuttings can also be planted. Commercial growers will plant basil seed by direct sowing or what is more common is to make seedlings in a protected environment or greenhouse and plant these out after three or four weeks.

BASIL FARMING – PLANTING

Planting of basil seedlings is done by hand and mechanically. Direct sow 10cm in the row to ensure a full stand of basil. Thin out later to the desire plant density. Plants should be spaced30cm apart in rows that are 50cm apart. This is between 65 000 and 67 000 basil plants per hectare. Some commercial farmers increase plant density between 80 000 to 100 000 plants per hectare.

 BASIL FARMING – IRRIGATION

The Basil plant is very sensitive to moisture stress so it is very important to keep soil at the optimum capacity advised for the type of soil. Install moisture readers for constant monitoring. Stress will bring on flower, which is detrimental to production. Basil can be irrigated by sprinkler or drip. Drip is, however, best as it keeps the leaves dry. Wet foliage can cause fungus growth, which damages the leaves. Depending on the weather and temperature basil can grow on about 40mm of irrigation per week.

BASIL FARMING – GROWTH

From the time the basil seeds are planted to when the first harvest can be done is about ten weeks. Thereafter the basil can be harvested twice more. Cut the basil 15cm above the ground allowing enough stem for re – growth. 

BASIL FARMING – FERTILIZATION

Do not over fertilize as this will hasten maturity and flowering. Fertilize according to soil analysis done on the soil prior to planting. About 200 to 300kg of 3.1.5 when plants are about 20cm high should be ample until the first harvest.

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HOW TO START A RADISH FARMING OPERATION NOW?

      

Radishes are a hardy, very easy-to-grow root vegetable that can be planted multiply times in a growing season. Plus, radishes can be harvested as soon as three weeks after planting.

Planting

Grow radishes in full sun or partial shade. Plant radishes in loose, well-drained soil. Remove soil lumps, rocks, and roots from radish planting beds. Obstructions can cause roots to grow malformed. Add organic matter to planting beds before sowing radishes. Radishes prefer a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8.

Varieties

Radishes can be grown for spring or winter crops. Spring varieties are the common small red varieties. Winter radishes are larger, oblong, and can grow 8 to 9 inches long.

Spring Crops:

  • Cherry Belle – 22 days.
  • Burpee White – 25 days.

Winter Crops:

  • Black Spanish – 55 days.
  • White Chinese – 60 days.

Harvesting

Spring radishes require 20 to 30 days to reach harvest. Winter radishes require 50 to 60 days to reach harvest. Radishes are ready for harvest when roots reach 1 inch across. Lift the whole plant when radishes are the right size. Lift a few or push the soil aside gently to decide if they are large enough to harvest. Do not leave radishes in the ground too long or they will become pithy.

Water & Feeding

Keep radish planting beds moist but not wet. Even, regular watering will result in quick growth. Radishes that receive too little water will become woody tasting. Prepare planting beds with aged compost. Side dress radishes with aged compost at mid season.

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WHY STARTING A SMALL SCALE GROUNDNUTS FARMING NOW?

    

Soil & Climate

Best results are obtained from deep, well- drained soils in good condition. Suitable soils include sands and sandy loams. Groundnuts will not grow well on acid soils and thus liming may be necessary for good production (the ideal pH is 5,3 to 6,8). Groundnuts must not be grown on the same land more than once in every four years. Groundnuts are a good crop to grow before maize.

Groundnuts are sensitive to cool overcast conditions both in the early part of the season and during pod filling. The ideal season is one which has much sunshine, coupled with sufficient rainfall, especially during pegging and pod filling.

Fertilization

Basic fertilization – Groundnuts should be grown in rotation with cereals (e.g. maize and sorghum), which have been fertilized, because groundnuts respond well when a fertilizer is applied to the previous crop rather than to the groundnuts themselves. Thus, in the most cases, no basal compound fertilizer is applied. Groundnuts  respond well to manure, because the manure not only supplies nutrients, but also helps to ameliorate soil acidity.

Top dressing – Groundnuts have a high requirement for calcium, especially during the pegging stage. Low availability of calcium at this stage will result in a large proportion of empty shells.

Harvesting

The harvesting process includes loosening, lifting, wilting, cocking (curing), picking and finally shelling. It is important that once the plants are lifted they be allowed to wilt for a few days with the pods exposed to the air before cocking. When cocking the groundnuts keep the plants off the ground. Ensure the cock is constructed to allow free flow of air through the cock, to facilitate rapid drying. Curing and drying may take from 2 to 4 weeks. Begin picking when the kernels rattle in the pods.. It is possible to pick one to two bags per person per day.

Groundnuts must be dry before placing in a storehouse. The storehouse must be dry, cool and well ventilated. It is best to store groundnuts in their shells.

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HOW TO START A GINGER FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                   

Ginger is used to produce ginger wine, ginger beer, cordials, pickles and pharmaceutical preparations. A daily intake of 5g of ginger is reported to protect against coronary artery disease (CAD) and normally afflicts individuals who habitually consume fatty foods. Ginger is also used for soft drinks and different medicine preparations.

Planting

The ginger rhizome is broken into smaller pieces and these are used as plant material. The pieces should be about 50 to 75 grams in size and are planted into the plant area at a depth of 15cm.

Spacing

Ginger plants should be spaced 25cm apart in rows that are 30cm apart. This equates to approximately 100 000 to 120 000 plants per hectare. Paths for the tractors and other implements are left every few rows and this depends on the width of the tractors or implements that are used.

Growth

Ginger takes 8 – 10 months to produce a god – sized rhizome or tuber for the harvesting of mid – season ginger in April and May for the fresh market. Late ginger is harvested almost a year after planting in June and July. Late ginger is sold fresh but is also dried and ground or used to extract the oils.

Irrigation

It is a good practice to apply mulching along the plant rows. This keeps the soil from losing moisture and controls the growth of weeds. Ginger does well in high rainfall regions – so irrigation is important over the entire growing period. An irrigation schedule of between 45 and 50 millimeters per week is advised.

Fertilization

Fertilize the plant each six to eight weeks, using organic fertilizer like seaweed extract or fish emulsion. he necessary nutrition it needs to grow ginger are:

Nitrogen – Essential for chlorophyll, proteins, and amino acids.

Phosphorus – It performs a vital part of respiration. Phosphorus is also critical to the evolution of enzymes, phospholipads, and nucleic acids.

Potassium – Necessary for yeast activation, osmosis, transpiration, also the opening and closing of the stomates of the leaves.

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CAN I START A OKRA FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                 

Okra is an economically important vegetable crop of many countries in Africa including Ghana, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Egypt and many others. It has the nickname “lady’s finger” and is sometimes called “gumbo” in most other places. Farmers growing Okra for profit do so to meet both domestic and foreign market demands.

Okra is easy to grow and use and looks lovely throughout the growing season due to its beautiful flowers. It is also rich in Vitamin A and low in calories, which makes it a great addition to any diet.

Planting

Okra likes fertile, well – composted soil and needs moisture and warmth to thrive. Although okra typically has no problems with diseases or pests it is very sensitive to frost. Heat – loving okra is capable of withstanding dry periods once established. Okra can grow around 75cm wide and 120 – 180 cm tall.

Growing

The key to maintaining okra production continuously throughout summer is to harvest regularly. Only 3 to 4 days are required from the time the okra flower opens until the pod reaches harvest maturity. For this reason, okra must be harvested at least every day during the growing season.

Crop Rotation

Since Okra is very susceptible to damage by nematodes, one should follow a crop rotation, using such crops as grasses and small grains, which prevent a building of nematode populations. Okra should not follow vine crops, such as squash and sweet potatoes because these crops tend to increase nematode population.

Fertilizer

Okra grows best on soils that have a pH of 5.8 to 6.5. A “soil test” will indicate if lime is required and will also specify the amount of fertilizer to apply. If lime is recommended, use “dolomitic” lime. Apply it 3 or 4 months before the crop is seeded. If a soil test is not available, general recommendations are to apply. Use 600 to 800 pounds per acre of a complete fertilizer such as 6-12 or 5 -10 -15. This can be mixed under the row or applied in a band to the side.

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DRAGON FRUIT FARMING – HOW TO START NOW

               

Dragon fruit is a tropical fruit of the climbing cacti (Cacta cease) family. It is also known as pitaya or strawberry pear and is a native species of Mexico, Central and South America. Dragon Fruit is mainly eaten fresh and is best served chilled. The thick skins are easily peeled to reveal white or pink to red flesh, dotted with tiny black seeds

Varieties

There are three most commonly farmed varieties of dragon fruit:

1. pink – red skin with red flesh.

2. rare yellow skinned dragon fruit with white flesh and

3. pink – red dragon fruit with white flesh.

Dragon fruit is best propagated from cuttings. The plants prefer well – drained and composted soil in warm areas with a rainfall of at least 400 mm and up to 1500 mm per year. High – density planting of up to 1250 plants/ha is easily managed, with a spacing of 4m x 5m x 2.5m, depending on trellising systems. The thick fleshy stems can grow up to  4m, in a single growing season and must be trained and tied onto a single pole or trellis system of about 1.8m high. Precast concrete poles are widely used and three to four plants can be trained onto one pole.

Harvesting

As the fruit develops, it starts changing colour at 26 – 30 days after pollination. It should be ready to harvest in about 30 – 34 days, a few days after the fruit has changed colour. After harvesting by hand, dragon fruit is washed in a food – grade disinfectant and size – graded by weight. The fruit is then sorted according to superficial damage, e.g. ants or fruit flies, shrivel, skin colour as well as the colour and condition of the bracts (scales). The plants bear fruit two years after planting and is in full production within 5 years. Depending on the cultivar and condition of the plantings, yields of 15 – 35 tons/ha can be expected.

Dragon Fruit Uses

Dragon Fruit is primarily grown for the fresh eating market and it often sold at farmers markets in South Africa. The fruit can also be processed into many value – added products such as dried fruit rolls, fruit bars, ice cream, jams, juices, pastries as fruit pulp and in yogurt.

Benefits

* Helping to boost immunity.

* High levels of Vitamin C.

* Speed up metabolism and the digestive process.

* Regulate blood sugar.

* Helpful in diets for diabetics.

* Contains vitamins B1, B2 and B3.

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HOW TO START A SUCCESSFUL KALE OR BORE COLE FARMING NOW?

                     

Kale – also called Bore Cole, is a cool season crop that belongs to the Brassicas family. Its leaves , which are rich in  vitamins and essential mineral elements are widely utilized alone or mixed with other vegetables, pulses or meat. It is an all-year crop and has the potential to reduce poverty levels.

BENEFITS

* High in iron which is essential for good health.

* Rich in Vitamin K which helps in protecting the body against various cancers.

* High in fiber, low in calorie and zero fat.

* Has anti-inflammatory properties which helps in fighting against asthma, arthritis etc.

* Rich in Vitamin and C.

* Good source of calcium which helps in preventing osteoporosis and bone loss.

Kale is typically grown like other greens, making it easy for existing growers to incorporate it into their farming systems. Kale has a similar flavor to traditional greens, and there are multiple ways to prepare it. Its growing popularity is linked to its perceived health benefits.

VARIETIES

Basically, there are 3 main varieties, dwarf (below 40cm), medium (40 – 80cm) and tall (above 80cm). Tall variety sheds the leaves early and has less production. Main dwarf type varieties are dwarf green curled scotch, dwarf moss curled, moss curled and hamburger market (medium to tall).

SOIL

The Kale crop prefers well – drained sandy loam soil with good organic matter. It can be grown on a wide range of soils having good drainage conditions. This hardy crop tolerates salts in the soil. the ideal soil pH of 5.5 to 6.5 (slightly acidic) will result in a good yield.

HARVESTING

In Kale leaves cultivation, harvesting starts from November and continues up to January. For better quality, it should be harvested at the right vegetative stage. Harvested leaves should be bundled, packed and marketed.

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STARTING A QUAIL EGG PRODUCTION BUSINESS – IS THIS PROFITABLE NOW?

                       

QUAIL is a general name that is given to a generation of mid-sized birds generally placed in the order Galliformes. There are loads of poultry’s that raise quail for meat and eggs and they are making huge profits from this type of farming operation.

There are loads of opportunities in the poultry farming industry and quail egg production is one of them. In recent time, quail egg production is known by all and it has evolved from small scale to a global industry in most countries where it is carried out.

Quail is a bird about the size of a plump pigeon. Quails reach adulthood in six weeks and start laying eggs almost immediately after this. That means you can start selling a portion of the eggs and get a quick return on your initial investment. Quails lay around 350 eggs a year and females don’t need males to lay eggs.

Once you’ve started selling your quail eggs, you can also consider selling quail meat. The meat is delicious and also healthy. Quail meat and eggs are quickly gaining popularity because the products provide important minerals and vitamins. The meat and eggs are low in fat and high in protein which makes it very popular. It can help with the treatment of diseases like diabetes, tuberculosis, liver disease, hypertension and a host of other ailments.

Quails don’t eat much and will thrive on a special mixture of corn, wheat calcium carbonate and sunflower seeds. They even eat chicken feed, other grains, leaves and insects. Some quail farmers feed the quails weeds from their garden and therefore doesn’t require high maintenance. Your main concern would be to keep the birds well fed and watered.

Breeding

For successful breeding purpose, you have to keep male and female quails on a proper ratio.The most effective ratio for successful breeding is 5:1.That means, one male with every 5 female quails. Quails don’t hatch their eggs so you can also plan to purchase an incubator for hatching their eggs.

Quails are highly disease resistant unlike chickens. Diseases and other health issues are less in quails. By proper care and management, you can keep your birds healthy and productive and free from all types of illnesses or health issues.

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HOW TO START A DRONE RENTAL BUSINESS NOW?

             

If you are interested in the drone technology industry and you are looking to launch a business as an aspiring entrepreneur, one of your best bet is to launch a “drone rental” business. The right time to star a drone rental business is now because this business concept is presently at it’s growing stage.

Setting up a drone rental business could be fun, profitable and interesting for someone who is smart and with a positive outlook. With the right location , reliable drones and good marketing skills, you can attract loads of clients. Whether drones are controlled by a remote or accessed via a smart phone app, they posses the capability of reaching the most remote areas with little to no manpower needed and require the least amount of effort, time, and energy. This is one of the biggest reasons why they being adopted world wide, especially by sectors like: Commercial, Agriculture, Personal and Future Technology.

Surviving in the business world as a drone rental operator requires more than having reliable and easy to use drones, your expertise, creativity, and knowing how to deliver etc but also how to network with key people that matters; entrepreneurs/farmers that can rent your drones.

There would always be clients who need to cut cost of running their business , hence the need to rent drones. Income can be generated by offering:

* Renting out reliable and easy to operate drones.

* Sales of used and brand new drones.

* Repair and servicing drones.

A drone rental business requires significant capital, solid planning, and attention to detail in order to keep your business profitable. The drone rental line of business is very open to any aspiring entrepreneur who has the capacity to open and run the business as long as they have all the required permits and licenses.

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HOW PROFITABLE IS A AGRO – TOURISM BUSINESS?

                              

Agro – tourism receives massive support from Government because it gives farmers and other stakeholders in the industry a opportunity to generate additional income and an avenue for direct marketing of their produce to consumers.

Agro – tourism is a booming line of business in any country. Agro tourists can choose from a wide range of activities that include picking fruits and vegetables, riding horses, tasting honey, learning about wine and cheese making, or shopping in farm gift shops and farm stands for produce or hand crafted- gifts.

Some of the factors that encourage entrepreneurs to start their own agro tourism business could be that the business is easy to set up and the start up capital is indeed affordable.. You can actually start your own agro- tourism business from a small farm. However, you need to ensue that you have things in place or activities that will compel people (tourists) to travel from far to tour your farm.

Agro – tourism is defined as a form of commercial enterprise that links agriculture production or processing with tourism in order to attract visitors, with a number of financial, educational and social benefits for tourists, producers and communities. Travelers are stepping off the beaten track and treading new paths, embracing local culture, food, flora and fauna. Agro – tourism caters to this rising demand for valuable experiences, by offering insight into (often unseen) industries. In doing so, it can also become a key contributor to the local tourism economy, attracting a higher volume of visitors and increasing the length of their stay.

Agro – tourism can offer guests new insights and experiences that in most instances, strengthens their connection with the environment. Whether it’s cut-flower gardens offering bouquet workshops, dairy farms inviting guests to milk cows, or those providing temporary accommodation facilities, it’s a great way to fuse travel experiences for guests with agricultural benefits for businesses.

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SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT – HOW TO START NOW?

                                                       

The software development industry has grown in the space of a century from an almost non – existent industry to one that is not only a billion dollar industry but an indispensable one , especially as software form the basis of modern gadgets & devices.

The software development industry has room for growth as there is considerable demand in the industry with more businesses adopting software programs that will allow for improved efficiency and lower operating costs; this was so as to look for ways to not be affected by the economic downturn.

Software itself is the set of instructions or programs that tell a computer what to do. There are the following types:

System software – provide core functions such as operating systems, utilities, disk management, hardware management and other operational necessities.

Programming software – give programmers tools such as text editors, computers, linker, debuggers, and other tools to create code.

Application software – (applications or apps) – to help users perform tasks. Office productivity suites, data management software, media players and security programs are examples.

Embedded software – Embedded systems software is used to control machines and devices not typically considered computers – telecommunication networks, cars, industrial robots and more are examples.

A software development company is where software is not only developed but distributed for different purposes such as instructional, calculation, entertainment, and assessment purposes. Before one can start a software development company, there are basic things that one needs such as knowledge of programming, technical support skills, the necessary experience of managing a company and some funds.

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HOW TO START A SUGARCANE FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                                                                      

Sugarcane farming is known to be a profitable business and over the years, it evolved from uncoordinated to a global industry in most countries where it’s carried out. With the recent advancement in technology, farmers can now comfortably grow crops such as sugarcane in a country where such crops can hardly survive and in places where there are few farming lands.

Soil

Sugarcane grows on almost all classes of soil, but it needs fertile, well – drained soil. Humid soils from 100 to 150cm deep with good drainage are most suitable. It grows well in deep well-drained soils of medium fertility of sandy loam soil textures with a pH range from 6.0 to 7.7. The optimum soil pH is about 6.5 but sugarcane can tolerate a considerable degree of soil acidity and alkalinity.

Planting

There are 2 methods of planting, namely manual and mechanical. The cane setts are manually placed end to end (or overlapping) together with fertilizer in the furrow and then covered with soil. With mechanical planting, the three operations of opening the furrow, planting the setts and applying fertilizer are conducted simultaneously.

Row Spacing

Closer spacing tends to result in higher yields, provided there is adequate moisture in the soil. Row and plant spacing for manual planting is 1.0 to 1.3m x 0.5m. For normal mechanical operations, the best row spacing is between 1.4 and 1.6m. The setts are planted at a degree angle or laid horizontally in a furrow and thereafter are covered lightly with soil until they sprout then the sides of the furrow are turned inwards. Optimum cover is 50mm of soil.

Depth of Planting

Furrows for planting should be approximately 100mm deep. Sets should be cut into five bud lengths.

Utilization

Sugarcane is used for sugar production, a raw material in human food industries, as a fertilizer and as livestock fodder. The primary use for sugarcane is to process sugar, which is then used in producing an infinite number of products. The type of sugar produced by sugarcane is called sucrose. Sucrose is used as a sweetening agent for foods and in the manufacturing of cakes, candles, preservation’s, soft drinks, alcohol and numerous other foods.

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FURNITURE MANUFACTURING – HOW PROFITABLE IS THIS NOW?

                

Furniture is a major part of our lives and there is hardly any facility that you will come across that you won’t find a piece of furniture in it. This goes to show that the furniture manufacturing industry is indeed an important sector of the economy of any country.

Businesses in this industry mainly manufacture or make household (living room, dining room and bedroom) furniture, coffee tables, sofa tables, sofas, chairs, bookshelves, ottomans, display cabinets, consoles and TV stands. Outdoor and office furniture like desks, home office goods, lamps, recliners etc are also manufactured.

Tips to set up your furniture manufacturing business

1. Find your niche

Decide what kind of furniture you will create, such as home furnishings, office furniture or cabinetry. Specify the materials you intend to use, such as wood, metal and upholstery. Decide on your target market i.e. if you going to sell to the residential, resort or commercial customers.

2. Store or on – line type of business?

You may choose to rent a store front with a workshop and sell your furniture to walk-in customers. Alternatively, you might choose to develop a website and take only online orders.

3. Location

If you plan to open a store, find space that suits your customer needs. If you making customer cabinets, find space that’s large enough to display different options. Or, if your target market is residential choose a space that’s easy to find and that will be able to accommodate parents with children.

4. Business Structure

Make sure that you choose the right business structure such as company, partnership or a sole proprietor.

5. Obtain Licenses

Find out exactly what type of license/permit is necessary to operate your business in a specific municipal area.

6. Write a Business Plan

If you want your furniture – making business to be successful, you must invest time defining your marketing strategies, developing financial projections and organizing and managing your business.

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HOW TO START A VINEYARD FARMING OPERATION NOW?

                       

A vineyard is a plantation of grape- bearing vines, grown mainly for wine making, but also for raisins, table grapes and non – alcoholic grape juice. The science, practice and study of vineyard production is known as viticulture. A winery is a licensed property that makes wine.

So, a vineyard can have a winery that produces wine from the grapes it grows, but it can also sell its grapes to outside wineries and purely act as a grape-grower. Vineyards are often located on hillsides and planted in soils that are of only marginal value to other plants.

The wine making process includes growing and harvesting grapes, crushing and pressing grapes into unfermented wine and fermenting the wine. The industry also makes wine blends, brandies and wines from other fruit sources.

Viticulture

The wine industry is undergoing an exciting period of change, both in the vineyard and in the winery. Wine makers are experimenting with new varieties of wine, as well as new clones of existing varieties such as chardonnay and Cabernet sauvignon. Large – scale experimentation with root-stocks is taking place to establish which planting material is particularly suited to conditions In most South African vineyards harvesting is carried out by hand, although machines are used on some farms. The grapes are picked into baskets and transported in bins to the winery where vinification begins.

Soil

Wine producers are focused on identifyng and selecting sites best suited to particular  grape varieties. In addition, new clones and root – stocks which particularly well adapted to the local soil and climatic conditions are being selected.

Wines thrive in poor soils and are capable of putting down roots to a depth of several meters in search of nutrients and water. Good quality grapes, however, are not produced on badly drained or very shallow sites.

After growing the grapes, you can sell or export them to wineries who are involved in producing the wine. You can also decide to start and own a winery where you can produce the wine and distribute them to consumers. Another option is to do both by having an estate winery where you grow the grapes and produce the wine.

THE BEST WAY TO START YOUR FARMING OPERATION IS TO DEVELOP OR ASK SOMEONE TO DEVELOP A PROFESSIONAL BUSINESS PLAN AND FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS. NEED HELP – CALL US NOW: (27) 84 583 3143 OR EMAIL US AT: money@global.co.za

    

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