Vermicompost (vermiculture) is the product of the decomposition process using various species of worms,usually red wigglers, white worms and other earthworms, to create a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials and vermicast. Vermicast (also called worm castings, worm humus or worm manure) is the end product of the breakdown of organic matter by earthworms. Vermicompost contains water – soluble nutrients and is an excellent, nutrient – rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. It is used in farming and small scale sustainable, organic farming.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VERMICULTURE & VERMICOMPOSTING
“Vermiculture” is the culture of earthworms. The goal is to continually increase the number of worms in order to obtain a sustainable harvest. The worms are either used to expand a vermicomposting operation or sold to customers who use them for the same or other purposes.
“Vermicomposting” is the process by which worms are used to convert organic materials (usually wastes) into a humus-like material known as vermicompost. The goal is to process the material as quickly and efficiently as possible.
Why should an organic farmer be interested in vermiculture and/or vermicomposting?:
* Vermicompost appears to be generally superior to conventionally produced compost in a number of ways;
* Vermicompost is superior to most composts as an inoculent in the production of compost teas;
* Worms have a number of other possible uses on farms, including value as a high-quality animal feed;
* Vermicomposting and vermiculture offer potential to organic farmers as sources of supplemental income.
Vermicomposting is increasingly being adopted by businesses, institutions, farms, and municipalities for managing organic waste. Organic materials can be vermicomposted on-site or transported to a centralized facility.
Any aspiring entrepreneur having knowledge of the manufacturing process can initiate a vermicompost organic fertilizer production business. Rural areas with a predominance of agriculture suburbs of cities and peri -urban villages are considered ideal locations for setting up of vermicompost units on a large scale from the viewpoint of availability of raw material (cow dung) and marketing of the produce.
Based on the high-end trend of vermicompost technology it is getting increasingly popular among local entrepreneurs for the reason that it is considered profitable maximizing the yield.
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