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How to Enter into Gourmet Garlic Farming

                                              

Gourmet Garlic Farming is a booming business that is continuing to grow and there are many ways to profit from a garlic business. Although the crop can be grown successfully in a wide range of soil types and in almost any climate, it fares best in well-drained soils with a pH of between 6 and 7.5. Soils with high organic matter content are preferred, due to their increased moisture – and – nutrient – holding capacity.

Cultivars

Egyptian White, Egyptian Pink and Giant Garlic have been planted for many generations in South Africa and these cultivars have adapted well to local climates. For a better chance of a good crop, its important to stick to the correct planting time, from February to May. Good quality seeds forms the foundation of a good harvest.

Fertilizing

During its initial growth phase , as the plant emerges and spreads its leaves, the crop might require generous applications of nitrogen. Phosphorous should also be applied for optimal root development, and potassium added for leaf growth and healthy bulb formation.

                                                           

Harvesting

Garlic is ready to be harvested when 30% of the plants on a land have turned brown and started dying down. Harvesting can be carried out manually or mechanically but should be done carefully to prevent damaging the bulbs. After the plants have been pulled from the soil, they are laid out in bunches to dry for up to 3 days and then hung in a cool, well-ventilated place. Once the lobes have dried out, the leaves can be cut off and the garlic is ready to be marketed. A huge advantage of growing garlic is its long shelf life; it can be stored for months at room temperature.

If you want to make money by growing garlic you need to grow what people want to buy. Avoid the standard garlic you’ll find in every supermarket, and grow only gourmet varieties, like Rocambole or Elephant garlic.

NEED HELP IN ANY AREA OR WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND BANKABLE FARMING BUSINESS PLAN? CONTACT US NOW AT: (27) 84 583 3143 or EMAIL US – money@global.co.za

                                  

 

 

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Successful Lettuce Farming

                                                                                   

Lactuca sativa, commonly known as lettuce, is a member of the Asterateae family, grown as a leaf vegetable. The origins of lettuce can be traced to the Mediterranean basin from where it spread to the rest of the world. It has been cultivated as a food source for thousands of years and is popular as a salad ingredient all over the world.

Lettuce is grouped into four classes namely:

1. Crisphead or Iceberg Lettuce

This type is widely grown in the country and it is characterized by firm heads and crisp, curly leaves. The outer leaves are dark green, while the inner ones are pale and lack chlorophyll.

2. Butterhead Lettuce

The butterhead lettuce forms a head that is somehow similar to that of cabbage in shape and has soft, waxy, flexible leaves. It is sensitive to hot weather.

3. Loose – leaf Lettuce

This group does not form heads and is characterized by soft leaves. It grows well both in the open field and under protection and can be shipped over long distances.The cos lettuce has a loose head with narrow soft leaves.  The outer leaves are dark green, coarse and have heavy ribs while the inner is lighter.

Soil Requirements

The plant grows well on a wide variety of soils ranging from light sand to heavy clay, whoever, best results are obtained on fertile loam’s that are rich in organic matter. A pH between 5.5 and 7 is optimum. Lettuce should be grown on soils with a high water – holding capacity and proper drainage for good root growth and plant performance.

                                               

Planting

Lettuce is regularly sown directly in the field to a depth of 10 – 15mm. The seedlings are later thinned out to the desired spacing and they are sometimes used for transplanting. Seedlings for transplanting may also be raised in seed – trays or seedbeds and transplanted about five weeks after sowing.

Irrigation

Lettuce has a shallow root system and as such requires frequent but lighter irrigation’s. The roots penetrate the soil to a depth of only 300mm. Water should be applied throughout the growing period and reduced when the heads become full. A water shortage tends to promote bolting.

Harvesting

Lettuce is harvested by hand by cutting off the plant just above the soil surface to keep most of the outer leaves around the head. Harvesting should be done very early in the morning because lettuce wilts rapidly.

                                                                    

 

 

IF YOU WANT TO START SUCCESSFULLY YOU NEED TO START WITH A PROFESSIONAL AND WELL STRUCTURED FARMING BUSINESS PLAN – CONTACT US NOW At (27) 84 583 3143 or money@global.co.za

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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